Understanding Evidence

Author: Paul C. Giannelli
Publisher: LexisNexis
ISBN: 9780327194132
Release Date: 2014-01-03
Genre: Law

This Understanding treatise presents the essential topics in evidence law cogently and concisely. While it was written primarily for students in Evidence and Trial Practice courses, the "Key Points" summary at the end of each chapter and the inclusion of the current Federal Rules of Evidence in an appendix make this treatise an excellent reference for busy attorneys. Understanding Evidence begins with an overview of Evidence law followed by an explanation of the roles of the judge and jury. The remaining chapters are organized under the following topics: • Procedural Framework of Trial • Relevancy • Witnesses • Real and Demonstrative Evidence • Writings • Hearsay • Privileges • Substitutes for Evidence This treatise extensively discusses and cites the Federal Rules of Evidence. Cases, statutes, other rules, and secondary sources are also cited, providing a comprehensive framework for understanding evidence law.

Understanding Evidence

Author: Paul C. Giannelli
Publisher: LexisNexis
ISBN: 9781422470381
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Evidence (Law)

This Understanding treatise presents the essential topics in evidence law cogently and concisely. While it was written primarily for students in Evidence and Trial Practice courses, the Key Points summary at the end of each chapter and the inclusion of the current Federal Rules of Evidence in an appendix make this treatise an excellent reference for busy attorneys.Understanding Evidence begins with an overview of Evidence law followed by an explanation of the roles of the judge and jury. The remaining chapters are organized under the following topics:Procedural Framework of TrialRelevancyWitnessesReal and Demonstrative EvidenceWritingsHearsayPrivilegesSubstitutes for EvidenceThis treatise extensively discusses and cites the Federal Rules of Evidence. Cases, statutes, other rules, and secondary sources are also cited, providing a comprehensive framework for understanding evidence law.

Understanding Evidence

Author: Paul C. Giannelli
Publisher: LexisNexis
ISBN: 9781422486313
Release Date: 2009-11-11
Genre: Law

This Understanding treatise presents the essential topics in evidence law cogently and concisely. While it was written primarily for students in Evidence and Trial Practice courses, the "Key Points" summary at the end of each chapter and the inclusion of the current Federal Rules of Evidence in an appendix make this treatise an excellent reference for busy attorneys. Understanding Evidence begins with an overview of Evidence law followed by an explanation of the roles of the judge and jury. The remaining chapters are organized under the following topics: • Procedural Framework of Trial • Relevancy • Witnesses • Real and Demonstrative Evidence • Writings • Hearsay • Privileges • Substitutes for Evidence This treatise extensively discusses and cites the Federal Rules of Evidence. Cases, statutes, other rules, and secondary sources are also cited, providing a comprehensive framework for understanding evidence law.

AIDS Behavior and Culture

Author: Edward C Green
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781315435169
Release Date: 2016-06-16
Genre: Social Science

AIDS, Behavior, and Culture presents a bold challenge to the prevailing wisdom of “the global AIDS industry” and offers an alternative framework for understanding what works in HIV prevention. Arguing for a behavior-based approach, Green and Ruark make the case that the most effective programs are those that encourage fundamental behavioral changes such as abstinence, delay of sex, faithfulness, and cessation of injection drug use. Successful programs are locally based, low cost, low tech, innovative, and built on existing cultural structures. In contrast, they argue that anthropologists and public health practitioners focus on counseling, testing, condoms, and treatment, and impose their Western values, culture, and political ideologies in an attempt to “liberate” non-Western people from sexual repression and homophobia. This provocative book is essential reading for anyone working in HIV/AIDS prevention, and a stimulating introduction to the key controversies and approaches in global health and medical anthropology for students and general readers.

Understanding Evidence

Author: Richard W. Puddy
Publisher:
ISBN: OCLC:832586803
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Continuum hypothesis

The Continuum of Evidence of Effectiveness is a tool that was developed to facilitate a common understanding of what the Best Available Research Evidence means in the field of violence prevention, to better inform evidence-based decision making. This guide explains the purpose and meaning of the tool.

Understanding Evidence in Health Care

Author: Suhail Doi
Publisher: Palgrave
ISBN: 1420256696
Release Date: 2011-12-06
Genre: Medical

Understanding Evidence in Health Care delivers the essentials of clinical epidemiology for health practitioners, enabling them to practise evidence-based health care. Divided into two parts, Understanding Evidence in Health Care explains both the key concepts behind research output and how to interpret and apply the research. It teaches health care professionals how to: how to have an effective understanding of published reports, interact with hard-to-find and hard-to-understand terminology, and get real understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of scientific information in their field. Understanding Evidence in Health Care develops the reader's skills in a logical flow of background principles, useful data examples, clearly explained tables and figures, and end-of-chapter readings and exercises, thus offering invaluable guidance to doctors, nurses and health professionals in all fields.

Understanding Evidence Based Rheumatology

Author: Hasan Yazici
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319083742
Release Date: 2014-10-29
Genre: Medical

It is imperative that health professionals caring for patients with rheumatic diseases understand how to correctly interpret evidence in their field, taking into account the merits and shortcomings of available data. Understanding Evidence-Based Rheumatology offers a practical assessment of criteria, drugs, trials, and registries and provides useful tools for successfully interpreting this data. The book introduces readers to basic analysis of trial design, statistics and application of data through no-nonsense, easy-to-follow insights. Using numerous examples, chapters outline the difficulties physicians encounter when measuring disease activity in rheumatology and offer strategies for systematically approaching these situations. Ethical issues in study design and reporting are examined and the book closes with a summary of future directions for scientific and clinical studies in rheumatology. Understanding Evidence-Based Rheumatology is an invaluable resource for trainees, clinicians and scientists, preparing them with the necessary tools to correctly gather evidence and shed light on the difficult practice of rheumatology.

Understanding Evidence

Author: Kenneth J. Arenson
Publisher:
ISBN: 0409319988
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Evidence (Law)

The law of evidence is often seen as complex, inaccessible and difficult to master. This cases and materials book provides a concise accurate and invaluable analysis of this challenging discipline.

Understanding Evidence Based Practices for Co Occurring Disorders

Author: Jorielle R. Brown
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9781428987975
Release Date: 2008-01-01
Genre:

The advantages of employing evidence-based practices (EBPs) are now widely acknowledged across the medical, substance abuse, & mental health fields. This overview paper discusses EBPs & their role in the treatment of co-occurring disorders (COD). Practitioners seldom have as much evidence as they would like about the best clinical approach to use in any given clinical situation. This paper discusses EBPs & their use in treating persons with COD, discusses how evidence is used to determine if a given practice should be labeled as evidence based, & gives some brief examples of EBPs for COD. There is still considerable debate concerning how EBPs should be defined. This paper presents various points of view. Tables.

Anaphora Discourse and Understanding

Author: Francis Cornish
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198700288
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

This was a different man, said Mr Welbecker. "Listen! This man was called Hamlet and his uncle had killed his father because he wanted to marry his mother." "What did he want to marry his mother for?" said William. "I've never heard of anyone wanting to marry their mother."* In almost any conversation the meaning of what is said depends on the listener seeing how some words refer to what has already been said, and that others must be related to the characteristics of time, place,or person of the situation around which the conversation revolves. These modes of reference, anaphora and deixis respectively, involve surprisingly complicated cognitive and syntactic processes, which people (normally) perform easily and unerringly. But they present formidable problems for the linguist and cognitive scientist trying to explain precisely how comprehension is achieved. Anaphora and deixis are thus a central research focus in syntactic theory, while understanding and modelling their operation in discourse are important targets in computational linguistics and cognitive science. In this ambitious work, Francis Cornish sets out an original theory of anaphora and deixis, and proposes a new and elegant theoretical model to represent the transfer of meaning in discourse. Dr Cornish considers anaphoric reference in discourse from both psychological and linguistic perspectives. He argues that anaphora and deixis are essentially parts of integrative discourse procedures that facilitate the linking of representations held in working memory. He brings together work by linguists, formal semanticists, psychologists, and researchers in artificial intelligence, as well as drawing on his own extensive experimental work on a variety of corpora of difference genres in French and English. Anaphora, Discourse, and Understanding will interest researchers and advanced students in a variety of fields within and outside linguistics, including cognitive science, artificial intelligence, syntactic theory, formal semantics, and the analysis of discourse. [* from William - The Pirate by Richard Crompton, London, Macmillan, 1932]

Understanding Medical Education

Author: Tim Swanwick
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444348187
Release Date: 2011-08-02
Genre: Medical

For the first time in a single core textbook, the Association for the Study of Medical Education presents a complete and authoritative guide to medical education. Written by leading experts in the field, Understanding Medical Education provides a comprehensive resource of the theoretical and academic bases to modern medical education practice. This accessible and timely reference is designed to meet the needs of all those working in medical education from undergraduate education through postgraduate training to continuing professional development. As well as providing practical guidance for clinicians, teachers and researchers, Understanding Medical Education will prove an invaluable resource to those studying at certificate, diploma or masters level and a first ‘port-of-call’ for anyone engaged in medical education as an academic discipline. Exploring medical education in all its diversity and containing all you need in one place, Understanding Medical Education is the ideal reference not only for medical educators, but for anyone involved in the development of healthcare professionals, in whatever discipline wherever they are in the world. An on-line edition of the complete book, together with individual chapter downloads, are available at www.wileymedicaleducation.com Understanding Medical Education has been brought together and edited by Professor Tim Swanwick, Director of Professional Development in the London Deanery, Visiting Fellow at the Institute of Education and Visiting Professor of Medical Education at the University of Bedfordshire.

Understanding Marijuana

Author: Mitch Earleywine
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019988143X
Release Date: 2002-08-15
Genre: Psychology

Marijuana is the world's most popular illicit drug, with hundreds of millions of regular users worldwide. One in three Americans has smoked pot at least once. The Drug Enforcement Agency estimates that Americans smoke five million pounds of marijuana each year. And yet marijuana remains largely misunderstood by both its advocates and its detractors. To some, marijuana is an insidious "stepping-stone" drug, enticing the inexperienced and paving the way to the inevitable abuse of harder drugs. To others, medical marijuana is an organic means of easing the discomfort or stimulating the appetite of the gravely ill. Others still view marijuana, like alcohol, as a largely harmless indulgence, dangerous only when used immoderately. All sides of the debate have appropriated the scientific evidence on marijuana to satisfy their claims. What then are we to make of these conflicting portrayals of a drug with historical origins dating back to 8,000 B.C.? Understanding Marijuana examines the biological, psychological, and societal impact of this controversial substance. What are the effects, for mind and body, of long-term use? Are smokers of marijuana more likely than non-users to abuse cocaine and heroine? What effect has the increasing potency of marijuana in recent years had on users and on use? Does our current legal policy toward marijuana make sense? Earleywine separates science from opinion to show how marijuana defies easy dichotomies. Tracing the medical and political debates surrounding marijuana in a balanced, objective fashion, this book will be the definitive primer on our most controversial and widely used illicit substance.

Understanding and Using Scientific Evidence

Author: Richard Gott
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781446239452
Release Date: 2003-07-30
Genre: Education

The basic understanding which underlies scientific evidence - ideas such as the structure of experiments, causality, repeatability, validity and reliability- is not straightforward. But these ideas are needed to judge evidence in school science, in physics or chemistry or biology or psychology, in undergraduate science, and in understanding everyday issues to do with science. It is essential to be able to be critical of scientific evidence. The authors clearly set out the principles of investigation so that the reader will be confident in questioning the experts, making an informed choice or arriving at in informed opinion. The book is intended for a wide range of readers including those who want to: } collect their own evidence } be able to question and judge a wide range of science-based issues that we come across in the press or other media in everyday life } teach others how to understand evidence. This book has been developed from the authors' work with first year undergraduates in a combined science course and in primary teacher training for science specialists. It is suitable for students training as primary science specialists, and also for 'A' level and first-year undergraduates in science and science-related subjects.

Understanding Evidence Based Public Health Policy and Practice

Author: Karen Margaret Moore
Publisher:
ISBN: OCLC:1011513705
Release Date: 2014
Genre:

Despite widespread acceptance that public health decisions should be based on evidence the reality is that the use of research evidence in public health policy and practice has been low. Studies investigating the factors that act to limit the implementation of research evidence in public health practice often point to the gap between the research and its use in practice. This gap is thought be a function of the availability and quality of the evidence, individual and organisational capabilities and the context in which it is interpreted. The direct transfer of research evidence in the public health domain is complicated by uncertainty about the effectiveness of interventions when transferring what works in one community to another; problems of attributing causal mechanisms when it is known that other policy decisions also impact on health outcomes and the long time delays before the results of a public health intervention can be observed. In addition public health decision making is subject to other factors such as political influences, financial and resources constraints, public pressure and the views of the community. This thesis used Actor Network Theory (ANT) as a framework to determine how the use of evidence by public health organisations was influenced by the quality of the evidence itself and by contextual factors identified by ANT. Six case studies covering a number of public health issues; climate change, tobacco control, syndromic surveillance for outbreak detection, health needs assessments and health literacy, were used in the analysis. ANT revealed the mechanism by which many of the barriers previously identified in the literature impacted on the translation of evidence into public health policy and practice. The model showed the role that external factors such as the media and public opinion play in the decision making process. It also showed how competing networks, such as lobby groups, can act to influence policy decisions. The quality of the evidence was pivotal in mobilising the policy idea in these case studies; where it was weak or surrounded by considerable uncertainty the policy ideas did not garner support. Finally ANT was able to demonstrate how features of the organisation may impact on the use of evidence in public health practice and how the forging of alliances may provide a mechanism to overcome these limitations. The ANT framework has assisted our understanding of how research evidence is translated into policy and practice. This knowledge should improve the translation process, lead to greater use of evidence in public health practice and ultimately to more robust public health interventions.

Understanding Nursing Research

Author: Susan K. Grove
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9781455770601
Release Date: 2014-09-18
Genre: Medical

With improved clarity and readability, the new edition strengthens its focus on evidence-based practice to better demonstrate how the steps of the research process relate to evidence-based nursing.