Using Language

Author: Herbert H. Clark
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521567459
Release Date: 1996-05-16
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

This book, first published in 1996, argues that language use is more than the sum of a speaker speaking and a listener listening. It is the joint action that emerges when speakers and listeners - writers and readers - perform their individual actions in coordination, as ensembles. The author argues strongly that language use embodies both individual and social processes.

Using Language

Author: John T. Kearns
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0873958098
Release Date: 1984
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

In a pioneer study of how language is actually used, Dr. Kearns combines the rigor of formal logic with a detailed analysis of natural language patterns. Through this double focus, he develops artificial languages that are syntactically more similar to the spoken word than first-order language itself. Numerous diagrams illustrate the evolution of these artificial languages, which represent a significant contribution to both the fields of linguistics and logic. The book begins by delineating a theory of the structures of intentional acts and then applies this to the special case of linguistic acts. Given an understanding of the meanings of component expressions, we can use our knowledge of linguistic structure to determine the meaning of a complex expression. An innovative discussion of semantics is subdivided into theories of three “semantic dimensions”: representational meaning, inferential meaning, and truth conditions. Drawing upon these analyses the speech act theory of this book purposes that the meaning of a sentence (sentential act) is to be explained wholly in terms of the meanings of component expressions (acts) and the structure of the sentence.

Impoliteness

Author: Jonathan Culpeper
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139495080
Release Date: 2011-01-06
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

When is language considered 'impolite'? Is impolite language only used for anti-social purposes? Can impolite language be creative? What is the difference between 'impoliteness' and 'rudeness'? Grounded in naturally-occurring language data and drawing on findings from linguistic pragmatics and social psychology, Jonathan Culpeper provides a fascinating account of how impolite behaviour works. He examines not only its forms and functions but also people's understandings of it in both public and private contexts. He reveals, for example, the emotional consequences of impoliteness, how it shapes and is shaped by contexts, and how it is sometimes institutionalised. This book offers penetrating insights into a hitherto neglected and poorly understood phenomenon. It will be welcomed by students and researchers in linguistics and social psychology in particular.

Using Language in the Classroom

Author: Jay L. Lemke
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: UOM:39015069351529
Release Date: 1989
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction

Here, Lemke considers how language is used in the classrom to develop systems, exercise choice, and interact. Arguing that language is a social activity that enables teachers and students to observe, record, and analyze educational processes in all areas of schooling and in all school subjects, Lemke demonstrates how improved language interaction can help identify educational problems, formulate constructive change, and make decisions about educational practice.

Exploring God talk

Author: Jeff Astley
Publisher: Darton Longman and Todd
ISBN: IND:30000092686009
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Experience (Religion).

Exploring God-talk maps the contours of religious language. It surveys the variety of ways in which religious believers both speak to God and speak about God, and tries to respond to the serious criticisms that have been raised of different aspects of our 'God-talk'. Beginning with an overview of the variety of ways in which language is used in faith and religion, the book moves on to consider the functions of language in religious experience and the religious life, particularly in prayer and worship. Two chapters are the devoted to a consideration of the important area of 'descriptive' God-talk, both figurative and literal. Problems relating to the meaningfulness of religious language and the interpretation of the Scripture are also addressed, and the pastoral and ethical significance of God-talk explored. Illustrations are drawn throughout from both everyday speech and the Christian tradition.

Using Language

Author: Rosemary Hug
Publisher: Milliken Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780787740801
Release Date: 2007-09-01
Genre: Education

This packet of reproducible standards-based assessments focuses on using language. All of the worksheets are suitable for monitoring skill retention as well as practice and reinforcement.

Learning Keeping and Using Language

Author: M. A. K. Halliday
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027220745
Release Date: 1990-01-01
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

This volume contains selected papers from the Eight World Congress of Applied Linguistics held in Sydney in 1987. Whereas the focus of Volume I is on learning language and the standpoint of the individual learner, the contributions to Volume II are concerned not so much with individuals as with communities, and the reasons for and the nature of language maintenance and shift.

Data Structures Using C Language 2014

Author: Harry H. Chaudhary.
Publisher: Createspace LLC USA
ISBN: 9781500137007
Release Date: 2014-06-15
Genre: Computers

Essential Data Structures Skills -- Made Easy! This book gives a good start and Complete introduction for data structures and algorithms for Beginner’s. While reading this book it is fun and easy to read it. This book is best suitable for first time DSA readers, Covers all fast track topics of DSA for all Computer Science students and Professionals. Data Structures and Other Objects Using C or C++ takes a gentle approach to the data structures course in C Providing an early, text gives students a firm grasp of key concepts and allows those experienced in another language to adjust easily. Flexible by design,. Finally, a solid foundation in building and using abstract data types is also provided. Using C, this book develops the concepts and theory of data structures and algorithm analysis in a gradual, step-by-step manner, proceeding from concrete examples to abstract principles. Standish covers a wide range of Both traditional and contemporary software engineering topics. This is a handy guide of sorts for any computer science engineering Students, Data Structures And Algorithms is a solution bank for various complex problems related to data structures and algorithms. It can be used as a reference manual by Computer Science Engineering students. this Book also covers all aspects of B.TECH CS,IT, and BCA and MCA, BSC IT. || Inside Chapters. || ============== 1 Introduction. 2 Array. 3 Matrix . 4 Sorting . 5 Stack. 6 Queue. 7 Linked List. 8 Tree. 9 Graph . 10 Hashing. 11 Algorithms. 12 Misc. Topics. 13 Problems.

Testcraft

Author: Fred Davidson
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300133813
Release Date: 2008-10-01
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

DIVThe creation of language tests is—and should be—a craft that is accessible and doable not only by a few language test experts, but also by many others who are involved in second/foreign language education, say the authors of this clear and timely book. Fred Davidson and Brian Lynch offer language educators a how-to guide for creating tests that reliably measure exactly what they are intended to measure. Classroom teachers, language administrators, and professors of language testing courses will find in this book an easy and flexible approach to language testing as well as the tools they need to develop tests appropriate to their individual needs. Davidson and Lynch explain criterion-related language test development, a process that focuses on the early stages of test development when the criterion to be tested is defined, specifications are established, and items and tasks are written. This process helps clarify the description of what is being measured by a test and enables teachers to give input on test design in any instructional setting. Informed by extensive research in criterion-referenced measurement, this book invites all language educators to participate in the craft of test development and shows them how to go about it./div

Strategies in Learning and Using a Second Language

Author: Andrew D. Cohen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317861171
Release Date: 2014-06-11
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

Strategies in Learning and Using a Second Language examines what it takes to achieve long-term success in languages beyond the first language. Distinguishing language learning from language-use strategies, Andrew D. Cohen disentangles a morass of terminology to help the reader see what language strategies are and how they can enhance performance. Particular areas of research examined in the book include: - links between the use of task-specific strategies and language performance - how multilinguals verbalise their thoughts during language learning and use strategies that learners use in test-taking contexts In this fully revised and substantially rewritten second edition, every chapter has been reworked, with material either updated or replaced. Entirely new material has also been developed based on examples of specific strategies supplied by actual learners, mostly drawn from a website featuring these strategies in the learning of Spanish grammar.Strategies in Learning and Using a Second language will be an invaluable resource for language teachers and researchers, as well as for administrators of second language programmes and for students of applied linguistics.

Taming the Diet Dragon

Author: Constance C. Kirk
Publisher: Llewellyn Worldwide
ISBN: 1567183832
Release Date: 2002-09-01
Genre: Health & Fitness

Now you can end your perennial yo-yo dieting, lose weight, and keep it off forever, when you get Taming the Diet Dragon by Dr. Constance C. Kirk. The U.S. has statistics matching those of other industrialized nations: an enormous percentage of the population is overweight. Worse, only five per cent of all dieters succeed at losing weight and keeping it off. If you would like to know how they do it, you must get Taming the Diet Dragon. The secret is not in counting calories. The dangerous cycles of weight loss/weight gain that plagues ninety-five per cent of all dieters actually slows the body's metabolism, making it harder for the body to burn food and easier for it gain the fat back. The secret of the successful five per cent is what health educator Dr. Constance Kirk has given to hundreds of people who have permanently lost weight without frustration and starvation. Now you can learn this secret in the pages of Taming the Diet Dragon. If you follow the breakthrough concepts and techniques presented in this book, other people will soon be begging you for your weight loss secret. Discover how "languaging" is the key to unlocking limitless possibilities Learn to create your own affirmations Create your own goals Discover how imagery can be the source for your success Uncover the levels of imagery See how languaging and imagery, together, can become your personal "Power Pack" Discover and avoid negative language Learn how to listen to the body With the techniques and information in Taming the Diet Dragon, you will finally stop dieting and start living. You will lose the weight you want to achieve a new level of health and wellbeing. Discover the slender you that is hiding inside. Get Taming the Diet Dragon.

Using Figurative Language

Author: Herbert L. Colston
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107105652
Release Date: 2015-09
Genre: Figures of speech

Using Figurative Language gathers decades of research on figurative language cognition to answer the question, 'Why don't people just say what they mean?'

Building Language Using LEGO Bricks

Author: Dawn Ralph
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
ISBN: 9781784503178
Release Date: 2016-08-18
Genre: Psychology

Building Language using LEGO® Bricks is a flexible and powerful intervention tool designed to aid children with severe receptive and expressive language disorders, often related to autism and other special educational needs. This practical manual equips you for setting up and adapting your own successful sessions. Downloadable resources enable you to chart progress in the following key areas: - The use of receptive and expressive language - The use and understanding of challenging concepts - Joint attention - Social communication Help children with complex needs to communicate with this unique tool, derived from the highly effective LEGO®-Based Therapy.