Using Language

Author: Herbert H. Clark
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521567459
Release Date: 1996-05-16
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

This book, first published in 1996, argues that language use is more than the sum of a speaker speaking and a listener listening. It is the joint action that emerges when speakers and listeners - writers and readers - perform their individual actions in coordination, as ensembles. The author argues strongly that language use embodies both individual and social processes.

Using Language

Author: John T. Kearns
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0873958098
Release Date: 1984
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

In a pioneer study of how language is actually used, Dr. Kearns combines the rigor of formal logic with a detailed analysis of natural language patterns. Through this double focus, he develops artificial languages that are syntactically more similar to the spoken word than first-order language itself. Numerous diagrams illustrate the evolution of these artificial languages, which represent a significant contribution to both the fields of linguistics and logic. The book begins by delineating a theory of the structures of intentional acts and then applies this to the special case of linguistic acts. Given an understanding of the meanings of component expressions, we can use our knowledge of linguistic structure to determine the meaning of a complex expression. An innovative discussion of semantics is subdivided into theories of three “semantic dimensions”: representational meaning, inferential meaning, and truth conditions. Drawing upon these analyses the speech act theory of this book purposes that the meaning of a sentence (sentential act) is to be explained wholly in terms of the meanings of component expressions (acts) and the structure of the sentence.

Impoliteness

Author: Jonathan Culpeper
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139495080
Release Date: 2011-01-06
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

When is language considered 'impolite'? Is impolite language only used for anti-social purposes? Can impolite language be creative? What is the difference between 'impoliteness' and 'rudeness'? Grounded in naturally-occurring language data and drawing on findings from linguistic pragmatics and social psychology, Jonathan Culpeper provides a fascinating account of how impolite behaviour works. He examines not only its forms and functions but also people's understandings of it in both public and private contexts. He reveals, for example, the emotional consequences of impoliteness, how it shapes and is shaped by contexts, and how it is sometimes institutionalised. This book offers penetrating insights into a hitherto neglected and poorly understood phenomenon. It will be welcomed by students and researchers in linguistics and social psychology in particular.

Using Language in the Classroom

Author: Jay L. Lemke
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: UOM:39015069351529
Release Date: 1989
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction

Here, Lemke considers how language is used in the classrom to develop systems, exercise choice, and interact. Arguing that language is a social activity that enables teachers and students to observe, record, and analyze educational processes in all areas of schooling and in all school subjects, Lemke demonstrates how improved language interaction can help identify educational problems, formulate constructive change, and make decisions about educational practice.

Opening Minds

Author: Peter H. Johnston
Publisher: Stenhouse Publishers
ISBN: 9781571108166
Release Date: 2012-01
Genre: Education

"Introducing a spelling test to a student by saying, 'Let's see how many words you know,' is different from saying, 'Let's see how many words you know already.' It is only one word, but the already suggests that any words the child knows are ahead of expectation and, most important, that there is nothing permanent about what is known and not known." — Peter Johnston Sometimes a single word changes everything. In his groundbreaking book Choice Words, Peter Johnston demonstrated how the things teachers say (and don't say) have surprising consequences for the literate lives of students. Now, in Opening Minds: Using Language to Change Lives, Peter shows how the words teachers choose affect the worlds students inhabit in the classroom, and ultimately their futures. He explains how to engage children with more productive talk and to create classrooms that support not only students' intellectual development, but their development as human beings. Grounded in research, Opening Minds: Using Language to Change Lives shows how words can shape students' learning, their sense of self, and their social, emotional and moral development. Make no mistake: words have the power to open minds – or close them.

Exploring God talk

Author: Jeff Astley
Publisher: Darton Longman and Todd
ISBN: IND:30000092686009
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Experience (Religion).

Exploring God-talk maps the contours of religious language. It surveys the variety of ways in which religious believers both speak to God and speak about God, and tries to respond to the serious criticisms that have been raised of different aspects of our 'God-talk'. Beginning with an overview of the variety of ways in which language is used in faith and religion, the book moves on to consider the functions of language in religious experience and the religious life, particularly in prayer and worship. Two chapters are the devoted to a consideration of the important area of 'descriptive' God-talk, both figurative and literal. Problems relating to the meaningfulness of religious language and the interpretation of the Scripture are also addressed, and the pastoral and ethical significance of God-talk explored. Illustrations are drawn throughout from both everyday speech and the Christian tradition.

Using Language

Author: Rosemary Hug
Publisher: Milliken Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780787740801
Release Date: 2007-09-01
Genre: Education

This packet of reproducible standards-based assessments focuses on using language. All of the worksheets are suitable for monitoring skill retention as well as practice and reinforcement.

Testcraft

Author: Fred Davidson
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300133813
Release Date: 2008-10-01
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

DIVThe creation of language tests is—and should be—a craft that is accessible and doable not only by a few language test experts, but also by many others who are involved in second/foreign language education, say the authors of this clear and timely book. Fred Davidson and Brian Lynch offer language educators a how-to guide for creating tests that reliably measure exactly what they are intended to measure. Classroom teachers, language administrators, and professors of language testing courses will find in this book an easy and flexible approach to language testing as well as the tools they need to develop tests appropriate to their individual needs. Davidson and Lynch explain criterion-related language test development, a process that focuses on the early stages of test development when the criterion to be tested is defined, specifications are established, and items and tasks are written. This process helps clarify the description of what is being measured by a test and enables teachers to give input on test design in any instructional setting. Informed by extensive research in criterion-referenced measurement, this book invites all language educators to participate in the craft of test development and shows them how to go about it./div

Taming the Diet Dragon

Author: Constance C. Kirk
Publisher: Llewellyn Worldwide
ISBN: 1567183832
Release Date: 2002-09-01
Genre: Health & Fitness

Now you can end your perennial yo-yo dieting, lose weight, and keep it off forever, when you get Taming the Diet Dragon by Dr. Constance C. Kirk. The U.S. has statistics matching those of other industrialized nations: an enormous percentage of the population is overweight. Worse, only five per cent of all dieters succeed at losing weight and keeping it off. If you would like to know how they do it, you must get Taming the Diet Dragon. The secret is not in counting calories. The dangerous cycles of weight loss/weight gain that plagues ninety-five per cent of all dieters actually slows the body's metabolism, making it harder for the body to burn food and easier for it gain the fat back. The secret of the successful five per cent is what health educator Dr. Constance Kirk has given to hundreds of people who have permanently lost weight without frustration and starvation. Now you can learn this secret in the pages of Taming the Diet Dragon. If you follow the breakthrough concepts and techniques presented in this book, other people will soon be begging you for your weight loss secret. Discover how "languaging" is the key to unlocking limitless possibilities Learn to create your own affirmations Create your own goals Discover how imagery can be the source for your success Uncover the levels of imagery See how languaging and imagery, together, can become your personal "Power Pack" Discover and avoid negative language Learn how to listen to the body With the techniques and information in Taming the Diet Dragon, you will finally stop dieting and start living. You will lose the weight you want to achieve a new level of health and wellbeing. Discover the slender you that is hiding inside. Get Taming the Diet Dragon.

Grammar for the Soul

Author: Lawrence A Weinstein
Publisher: Quest Books
ISBN: 9780835630511
Release Date: 2013-08-15
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

In this wise and charming book, Lawrence Weinstein explores how self-expression reveals the psyche and how changing language can change lives. In chapters like “Tolerating Ambiguity” and “Getting Out of One’s Own Way,” he describes how the proper use of an element of punctuation or syntax, even the simple reversal of an object and subject, can help one become a whole human being. Clear examples, amusing anecdotes, and telling quotes support Weinstein's technique for teaching self-improvement through improved grammar.

Using Language to Persuade

Author: Ryan Johnstone
Publisher:
ISBN: 0195558898
Release Date: 2007
Genre: English language

USING LANGUAGE TO PERSUADE is a workbook for Victorian English students in Years 10, 11 and 12. It has been written for the revised VCE English Study Design, Outcome 3: Using Language to Persuade. Each text type and persuasive technique is covered in detail and the issues explored are fresh and up-to-date; many of the visual and written texts used for analysis are from authentic sources such as THE AGE, the HERALD-SUN and THE AUSTRALIAN; also included are sample student responses with annotated comments, so students have model samples to learn from; The Toolkit section of ready-resources will save students and teachers time; there are three practice exams, templates and a glossary; this is a comprehensive, focused and student-centred resource covering an area of senior English that students often have difficulty with

Learning Keeping and Using Language

Author: M.A.K. Halliday
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027273741
Release Date: 1990-01-01
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

This volume contains selected papers from the Eight World Congress of Applied Linguistics held in Sydney in 1987. Volume I starts off with an overview of the field by G. Richard Tucker in which he identifies two areas: innovative language education and language education policy. The overal focus of the papers to follow focus on the individual language learner, how that individual, in given contexts or in interaction with specific others, develops a command of a first language, of two or more first languages, or of a second language, in home and in classroom settings. At the same time, cutting across these variables, there is a gradual shifting of attention from investigations of the language learning process to proposals for language teaching curricula and syllabuses.

Power Talk

Author: Sarah Myers McGinty
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 9780759521353
Release Date: 2001-02-20
Genre: Business & Economics

Show up on time, work hard, do well, and rise up the corporate ladder? Maybe. Oral communication is the most crucial ingredient in advancement on the job. In Power Talk, Sarah Myers McGinty analyzes the social and psychological elements of speech in the workplace, helping readers hear who's in charge and talk their way ahead. Fast trackers match the right speaking style to the situation and develop a corporate voice that comes across loud and clear. From the voice mail message that gets a call back to navigating a department meeting, listeners will learn how to become their own best spokesperson and advocate.