Using the Borsuk Ulam Theorem

Author: Jiri Matousek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540766490
Release Date: 2008-01-12
Genre: Mathematics

To the uninitiated, algebraic topology might seem fiendishly complex, but its utility is beyond doubt. This brilliant exposition goes back to basics to explain how the subject has been used to further our understanding in some key areas. A number of important results in combinatorics, discrete geometry, and theoretical computer science have been proved using algebraic topology. While the results are quite famous, their proofs are not so widely understood. This book is the first textbook treatment of a significant part of these results. It focuses on so-called equivariant methods, based on the Borsuk-Ulam theorem and its generalizations. The topological tools are intentionally kept on a very elementary level. No prior knowledge of algebraic topology is assumed, only a background in undergraduate mathematics, and the required topological notions and results are gradually explained.

Understanding and Using Linear Programming

Author: Jiri Matousek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540307174
Release Date: 2007-07-04
Genre: Mathematics

The book is an introductory textbook mainly for students of computer science and mathematics. Our guiding phrase is "what every theoretical computer scientist should know about linear programming". A major focus is on applications of linear programming, both in practice and in theory. The book is concise, but at the same time, the main results are covered with complete proofs and in sufficient detail, ready for presentation in class. The book does not require more prerequisites than basic linear algebra, which is summarized in an appendix. One of its main goals is to help the reader to see linear programming "behind the scenes".

Invitation to Discrete Mathematics

Author: Ji%rí Matousek
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198570431
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Mathematics

Invitation to Discrete Mathematics is an introduction and a thoroughly comprehensive text at the same time. A lively and entertaining style with mathematical precision and maturity uniquely combine into an intellectual happening and should delight the interested reader. A master example of teaching contemporary discrete mathematics, and of teaching science in general.

Thirty three Miniatures

Author: Jiří Matoušek
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821849774
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Mathematics

This volume contains a collection of clever mathematical applications of linear algebra, mainly in combinatorics, geometry, and algorithms. Each chapter covers a single main result with motivation and full proof in at most ten pages and can be read independently of all other chapters (with minor exceptions), assuming only a modest background in linear algebra. The topics include a number of well-known mathematical gems, such as Hamming codes, the matrix-tree theorem, the Lovasz bound on the Shannon capacity, and a counterexample to Borsuk's conjecture, as well as other, perhaps less popular but similarly beautiful results, e.g., fast associativity testing, a lemma of Steinitz on ordering vectors, a monotonicity result for integer partitions, or a bound for set pairs via exterior products. The simpler results in the first part of the book provide ample material to liven up an undergraduate course of linear algebra. The more advanced parts can be used for a graduate course of linear-algebraic methods or for seminar presentations. Table of Contents: Fibonacci numbers, quickly; Fibonacci numbers, the formula; The clubs of Oddtown; Same-size intersections; Error-correcting codes; Odd distances; Are these distances Euclidean?; Packing complete bipartite graphs; Equiangular lines; Where is the triangle?; Checking matrix multiplication; Tiling a rectangle by squares; Three Petersens are not enough; Petersen, Hoffman-Singleton, and maybe 57; Only two distances; Covering a cube minus one vertex; Medium-size intersection is hard to avoid; On the difficulty of reducing the diameter; The end of the small coins; Walking in the yard; Counting spanning trees; In how many ways can a man tile a board?; More bricks--more walls?; Perfect matchings and determinants; Turning a ladder over a finite field; Counting compositions; Is it associative?; The secret agent and umbrella; Shannon capacity of the union: a tale of two fields; Equilateral sets; Cutting cheaply using eigenvectors; Rotating the cube; Set pairs and exterior products; Index. (STML/53)

Numerical Optimization

Author: Joseph-Frédéric Bonnans
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783662050781
Release Date: 2013-03-14
Genre: Mathematics

This book starts with illustrations of the ubiquitous character of optimization, and describes numerical algorithms in a tutorial way. It covers fundamental algorithms as well as more specialized and advanced topics for unconstrained and constrained problems. This new edition contains computational exercises in the form of case studies which help understanding optimization methods beyond their theoretical description when coming to actual implementation.

Extremal Graph Theory

Author: Bela Bollobas
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486317588
Release Date: 2013-07-02
Genre: Mathematics

The ever-expanding field of extremal graph theory encompasses a diverse array of problem-solving methods, including applications to economics, computer science, and optimization theory. This volume, based on a series of lectures delivered to graduate students at the University of Cambridge, presents a concise yet comprehensive treatment of extremal graph theory. Unlike most graph theory treatises, this text features complete proofs for almost all of its results. Further insights into theory are provided by the numerous exercises of varying degrees of difficulty that accompany each chapter. Although geared toward mathematicians and research students, much of Extremal Graph Theory is accessible even to undergraduate students of mathematics. Pure mathematicians will find this text a valuable resource in terms of its unusually large collection of results and proofs, and professionals in other fields with an interest in the applications of graph theory will also appreciate its precision and scope.

A Course in Topological Combinatorics

Author: Mark de Longueville
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441979100
Release Date: 2012-09-18
Genre: Mathematics

A Course in Topological Combinatorics is the first undergraduate textbook on the field of topological combinatorics, a subject that has become an active and innovative research area in mathematics over the last thirty years with growing applications in math, computer science, and other applied areas. Topological combinatorics is concerned with solutions to combinatorial problems by applying topological tools. In most cases these solutions are very elegant and the connection between combinatorics and topology often arises as an unexpected surprise. The textbook covers topics such as fair division, graph coloring problems, evasiveness of graph properties, and embedding problems from discrete geometry. The text contains a large number of figures that support the understanding of concepts and proofs. In many cases several alternative proofs for the same result are given, and each chapter ends with a series of exercises. The extensive appendix makes the book completely self-contained. The textbook is well suited for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate mathematics students. Previous knowledge in topology or graph theory is helpful but not necessary. The text may be used as a basis for a one- or two-semester course as well as a supplementary text for a topology or combinatorics class.

Logic and Structure

Author: Dirk van Dalen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783662029626
Release Date: 2013-04-17
Genre: Mathematics

New corrected printing of a well-established text on logic at the introductory level.

Geometry Euclid and Beyond

Author: Robin Hartshorne
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387226767
Release Date: 2013-11-11
Genre: Mathematics

This book offers a unique opportunity to understand the essence of one of the great thinkers of western civilization. A guided reading of Euclid's Elements leads to a critical discussion and rigorous modern treatment of Euclid's geometry and its more recent descendants, with complete proofs. Topics include the introduction of coordinates, the theory of area, history of the parallel postulate, the various non-Euclidean geometries, and the regular and semi-regular polyhedra.

Proofs from THE BOOK

Author: Martin Aigner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783662442050
Release Date: 2014-08-06
Genre: Mathematics

This revised and enlarged fifth edition features four new chapters, which contain highly original and delightful proofs for classics such as the spectral theorem from linear algebra, some more recent jewels like the non-existence of the Borromean rings and other surprises. From the Reviews "... Inside PFTB (Proofs from The Book) is indeed a glimpse of mathematical heaven, where clever insights and beautiful ideas combine in astonishing and glorious ways. There is vast wealth within its pages, one gem after another. ... Aigner and Ziegler... write: "... all we offer is the examples that we have selected, hoping that our readers will share our enthusiasm about brilliant ideas, clever insights and wonderful observations." I do. ... " Notices of the AMS, August 1999 "... This book is a pleasure to hold and to look at: ample margins, nice photos, instructive pictures and beautiful drawings ... It is a pleasure to read as well: the style is clear and entertaining, the level is close to elementary, the necessary background is given separately and the proofs are brilliant. ..." LMS Newsletter, January 1999 "Martin Aigner and Günter Ziegler succeeded admirably in putting together a broad collection of theorems and their proofs that would undoubtedly be in the Book of Erdös. The theorems are so fundamental, their proofs so elegant and the remaining open questio ns so intriguing that every mathematician, regardless of speciality, can benefit from reading this book. ... " SIGACT News, December 2011.

Algebraic and Geometric Combinatorics

Author: Christos A. Athanasiadis
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821840801
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Mathematics

This volume contains original research and survey articles stemming from the Euroconference ""Algebraic and Geometric Combinatorics"". The papers discuss a wide range of problems that illustrate interactions of combinatorics with other branches of mathematics, such as commutative algebra, algebraic geometry, convex and discrete geometry, enumerative geometry, and topology of complexes and partially ordered sets. Among the topics covered are combinatorics of polytopes, lattice polytopes, triangulations and subdivisions, Cohen-Macaulay cell complexes, monomial ideals, geometry of toric surfaces, groupoids in combinatorics, Kazhdan-Lusztig combinatorics, and graph colorings. This book is aimed at researchers and graduate students interested in various aspects of modern combinatorial theories.

A Journey Through Discrete Mathematics

Author: Martin Loebl
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319444796
Release Date: 2017-10-11
Genre: Computers

This collection of high-quality articles in the field of combinatorics, geometry, algebraic topology and theoretical computer science is a tribute to Jiří Matoušek, who passed away prematurely in March 2015. It is a collaborative effort by his colleagues and friends, who have paid particular attention to clarity of exposition – something Jirka would have approved of. The original research articles, surveys and expository articles, written by leading experts in their respective fields, map Jiří Matoušek’s numerous areas of mathematical interest.

A Journey Through Discrete Mathematics

Author: Martin Loebl
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319444796
Release Date: 2017-10-11
Genre: Computers

This collection of high-quality articles in the field of combinatorics, geometry, algebraic topology and theoretical computer science is a tribute to Jiří Matoušek, who passed away prematurely in March 2015. It is a collaborative effort by his colleagues and friends, who have paid particular attention to clarity of exposition – something Jirka would have approved of. The original research articles, surveys and expository articles, written by leading experts in their respective fields, map Jiří Matoušek’s numerous areas of mathematical interest.

Geometric Combinatorics

Author: Ezra Miller
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821886959
Release Date:
Genre: Mathematics

Geometric combinatorics describes a wide area of mathematics that is primarily the study of geometric objects and their combinatorial structure. This text is a compilation of expository articles at the interface between combinatorics and geometry.

Combinatorial Algebraic Topology

Author: Dimitry Kozlov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540719625
Release Date: 2007-12-29
Genre: Mathematics

This volume is the first comprehensive treatment of combinatorial algebraic topology in book form. The first part of the book constitutes a swift walk through the main tools of algebraic topology. Readers - graduate students and working mathematicians alike - will probably find particularly useful the second part, which contains an in-depth discussion of the major research techniques of combinatorial algebraic topology. Although applications are sprinkled throughout the second part, they are principal focus of the third part, which is entirely devoted to developing the topological structure theory for graph homomorphisms.