Vascular Transport in Plants

Author: N. Michelle Holbrook
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080454232
Release Date: 2011-09-06
Genre: Science

Vascular Transport in Plants provides an up-to-date synthesis of new research on the biology of long distance transport processes in plants. It is a valuable resource and reference for researchers and graduate level students in physiology, molecular biology, physiology, ecology, ecological physiology, development, and all applied disciplines related to agriculture, horticulture, forestry and biotechnology. The book considers long-distance transport from the perspective of molecular level processes to whole plant function, allowing readers to integrate information relating to vascular transport across multiple scales. The book is unique in presenting xylem and phloem transport processes in plants together in a comparative style that emphasizes the important interactions between these two parallel transport systems. Includes 105 exceptional figures Discusses xylem and phloem transport in a single volume, highlighting their interactions Syntheses of structure, function and biology of vascular transport by leading authorities Poses unsolved questions and stimulates future research Provides a new conceptual framework for vascular function in plants

Plant Physiological Ecology

Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 9781467251693
Release Date: 2016-10-16
Genre: Education

Facts101 is your complete guide to Plant Physiological Ecology. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Oaks Physiological Ecology Exploring the Functional Diversity of Genus Quercus L

Author: Eustaquio Gil-Pelegrín
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319690995
Release Date: 2018-01-10
Genre: Science

With more than 500 species distributed all around the Northern Hemisphere, the genus Quercus L. is a dominant element of a wide variety of habitats including temperate, tropical, subtropical and mediterranean forests and woodlands. As the fossil record reflects, oaks were usual from the Oligocene onwards, showing the high ability of the genus to colonize new and different habitats. Such diversity and ecological amplitude makes genus Quercus an excellent framework for comparative ecophysiological studies, allowing the analysis of many mechanisms that are found in different oaks at different level (leaf or stem). The combination of several morphological and physiological attributes defines the existence of different functional types within the genus, which are characteristic of specific phytoclimates. From a landscape perspective, oak forests and woodlands are threatened by many factors that can compromise their future: a limited regeneration, massive decline processes, mostly triggered by adverse climatic events or the competence with other broad-leaved trees and conifer species. The knowledge of all these facts can allow for a better management of the oak forests in the future.

Plant Stems

Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080539084
Release Date: 1995-07-19
Genre: Science

Stems, of various sizes and shapes, are involved in most of the organic processes and interactions of plants, ranging from support, transport, and storage to development and protection. The stem itself is a crucially important intermediary: it links above- and below ground organs-connecting roots to leaves. An international team of leading researchers vividly illustrate that stems are more than pipes, more than simple connecting and supporting structures; rather stems are critical, anatomically distinct structures of enormous variability. It is, to an unappreciated extent, this variability that underpins both the diversity and the success of plants in myriad ecosystems. Plant Stems will be a valuable resource on form/function relationships for researchers and graduate-level students in ecology, evolutionary biology, physiology, development, genetics, agricultural sciences, and horticulture as they unravel the mechanisms and processes that allow organisms and ecosystems to function. Syntheses of structural, physiological, and ecological functions of stems Multiple viewpoints on how stem structure relates to performance Highlights of major areas of plant biology long neglected

Strasburger Lehrbuch der Pflanzenwissenschaften

Author: Joachim W. Kadereit
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642544354
Release Date: 2014-07-29
Genre: Science

Seit 120 Jahren liegt die Stärke des STRASBURGERs in der ausgewogenen Darstellung aller Teilgebiete der Pflanzenwissenschaften. Die vorliegende 37. Auflage ist nicht nur aktualisiert, sondern durch die Einführung der Teile Genetik und Entwicklung auch neu strukturiert worden. Trotz neu aufgenommener Themen konnte durch Straffung des Textes und Kürzung an anderer Stelle der Gesamtumfang leicht reduziert werden, was der Lesbarkeit dieses sehr umfangreichen Werkes zugutekommen sollte. Der Teil Struktur beschreibt die Biologie der Pflanzenzelle und reicht bis zur Morphologie der Samenpflanzen. Besonderes Augenmerk wird auf eine einheitliche und international gebräuchliche Nomenklatur gelegt. Neu in diesen Teil eingearbeitet wurden die Morphologie, Anatomie und Funktion der Reproduktionsorgane der Samenpflanzen, die in älteren Auflagen im Teil Evolution und Systematik zu finden waren. Im neuen Teil Genetik wurden in der letzten Auflage auf unterschiedliche Kapitel verteilte Abschnitte übersichtlich zusammengeführt und durch neuere Erkenntnisse, besonders in der Epigenetik und Gentechnik, erweitert. Der ebenfalls neue Teil Entwicklung umfasst relevante Abschnitte aus dem Teil Physiologie der letzten Ausgabe, die separat und aktualisiert wiedergegeben werden. Erläutert wird die Entstehung vielzelliger Pflanzen aus einzelnen Zellen unter dem Einfluss endogener und exogener regulatorischer Faktoren. Im Teil Physiologie werden ausgehend von der Beschreibung grundlegender Transport- und Stoffwechselprozesse die Anpassung des pflanzlichen Stoffwechsels an entwicklungs- und umweltbedingte Veränderungen betrachtet. Die Abschnitte zum Primärstoffwechsel wurden ergänzt und überarbeitet und die übrigen Teile aktualisiert. Der evolutionäre Prozess, die Phylogenie und Systematik der Pflanzen und anderer photoautotropher Eukaryoten sowie die Geschichte der Vegetation der Erde sind Inhalt des Teils Evolution und Systematik. Im Vergleich zur 36. Aufl. ist vor allem die Darstellung der Pilze sehr verändert und auf pflanzenrelevante Aspekte reduziert worden. Im Ökologie-Teil wird die Pflanze in Beziehung zu den Lebensbedingungen am Wuchsort gesetzt. Pflanzliche Reaktionen auf Klima und Bodenfaktoren, Prozesse in Populationen und Artengemeinschaften sowie die großen Vegetationszonen der Erde werden erklärt. In dieser Auflage wurden einige regionale Aspekte zu Gunsten einer stärker globalen Sicht reduziert. Einige Abbildungen wurden neu gestaltet. Der Tradition dieses einzigartigen Standardwerkes entsprechend soll es Studierenden als vierfarbig bebildertes Lehrbuch und Dozenten aller bio-, umwelt- und agrarwissenschaftlichen Fachrichtungen als verlässliches Nachschlage- und Referenzwerk dienen.

Plant Physiological Ecology

Author: Hans Lambers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781475728552
Release Date: 2013-04-17
Genre: Science

This textbook is remarkable for emphasising that the mechanisms underlying plant physiological ecology can be found at the levels of biochemistry, biophysics, molecular biology and whole-plant physiology. The authors begin with the primary processes of carbon metabolism and transport, plant-water relations, and energy balance. After considering individual leaves and whole plants, these physiological processes are then scaled up to the level of the canopy. Subsequent chapters discuss mineral nutrition and the ways in which plants cope with nutrient-deficient or toxic soils. The book then looks at patterns of growth and allocation, life-history traits, and interactions between plants and other organisms. Later chapters deal with traits that affect decomposition of plant material and with plant physiological ecology at the level of ecosystems and global environmental processes.

Physiological Ecology of Tropical Plants

Author: Ulrich Lüttge
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540717935
Release Date: 2007-12-14
Genre: Science

Since the publication of the first edition of this book ten years ago, international research into the physiological ecology of plants in the tropics has increased enormously in quantity and quality. This brand new edition brings the story right up to date. New approaches have been developed in remote sensing while at the other end of the scale molecular biology has come on in leaps and bounds, particularly regarding ecological performance of tropical plants, e.g. in understanding the adaptation of resurrection plants to the extreme habitat of inselbergs. In this fully revised and updated second edition the wealth of new information has made it necessary to break large chapters down into smaller ones.

Physiological Ecology of Lichens

Author: Kenneth A. Kershaw
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521239257
Release Date: 1985-06-27
Genre: Science

This book provides a critical and selective review of lichen physiological ecology.

Metabolic Ecology

Author: Richard M. Sibly
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119968511
Release Date: 2012-03-26
Genre: Science

One of the first textbooks in this emerging important field of ecology. Most of ecology is about metabolism: the ways that organisms use energy and materials. The energy requirements of individuals – their metabolic rates – vary predictably with their body size and temperature. Ecological interactions are exchanges of energy and materials between organisms and their environments. So metabolic rate affects ecological processes at all levels: individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems. Each chapter focuses on a different process, level of organization, or kind of organism. It lays a conceptual foundation and presents empirical examples. Together, the chapters provide an integrated framework that holds the promise for a unified theory of ecology. The book is intended to be accessible to upper-level undergraduate, and graduate students, but also of interest to senior scientists. Its easy-to-read chapters and clear illustrations can be used in lecture and seminar courses. Together they make for an authoritative treatment that will inspire future generations to study metabolic ecology.

Terrestrial Ecosystems Through Time

Author: Anna K. Behrensmeyer
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226041549
Release Date: 1992-08-15
Genre: Science

Breathtaking in scope, this is the first survey of the entire ecological history of life on land—from the earliest traces of terrestrial organisms over 400 million years ago to the beginning of human agriculture. By providing myriad insights into the unique ecological information contained in the fossil record, it establishes a new and ambitious basis for the study of evolutionary paleoecology of land ecosystems. A joint undertaking of the Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems Consortium at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, and twenty-six additional researchers, this book begins with four chapters that lay out the theoretical background and methodology of the science of evolutionary paleoecology. Included are a comprehensive review of the taphonomy and paleoenvironmental settings of fossil deposits as well as guidelines for developing ecological characterizations of extinct organisms and the communities in which they lived. The remaining three chapters treat the history of terrestrial ecosystems through geological time, emphasizing how ecological interactions have changed, the rate and tempo of ecosystem change, the role of exogenous "forcing factors" in generating ecological change, and the effect of ecological factors on the evolution of biological diversity. The six principal authors of this volume are all associated with the Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems program at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.

Evolutionary Paleoecology

Author: Warren D. Allmon
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231528528
Release Date: 2001-02-14
Genre: Science

One of the most important questions we can ask about life is "Does ecology matter?" Most biologists and paleontologists are trained to answer "yes," but the exact mechanisms by which ecology matters in the context of patterns that play out over millions of years have never been entirely clear. This book examines these mechanisms and looks at how ancient environments affected evolution, focusing on long-term macroevolutionary changes as seen in the fossil record. Evolutionary paleoecology is not a new discipline. Beginning with Darwin, researchers have attempted to understand how the environment has affected evolutionary history. But as we learn more about these patterns, the search for a new synthetic view of the evolutionary process that integrates species evolution, ecology, and mass extinctions becomes ever more pressing. The present volume is a benchmark sampler of active research in this ever more active field.

Vascular plants as epiphytes

Author: Ulrich Lüttge
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISBN: MINN:31951D00002769H
Release Date: 1989
Genre: Science

Supply Chain Optimization captures the latest results in a segment of current research activity in supply chain management. This research area focuses on applying optimization techniques to supply chain management problems. The research papers that make up the volume provide a snapshot of state-of-the-art optimization methods within the field. This book presents rigorous modelling approaches for supply chain operations problems with a goal of improving supply chain performance (or the performance of some segment thereof). It contains high-quality works from leading researchers in the field whose expertise fits within this scope. The book provides a diverse blend of research topics and novel modelling and solution approaches for difficult classes of supply chain operations, planning, and design problems.

The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants

Author: Theodore Thomas Kozlowski
ISBN: MINN:31951P00775295Q
Release Date: 1991-01
Genre: Science

How woody plants grow. Physiological and environmental requirements for tree growth. Establishment and growth of tree stands. Radiation. Temperature. Soil. Water. Air. Carbon dioxide. Fire. Wind. Cultural practices.