Violent Racism

Author: Benjamin Bowling
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198298781
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Social Science

This fascinating book documents the everyday abuse, assault, and intimidation that is suffered by black and Asian people in Great Britain every day, using information gathered in an East London London case study. The author explains and analyses the process through which violence is targeted at these minorities, and the role that the ideas and language of racial exclusion take in this process. The failure of the police to respond to this problem is then looked at in depth. This bookis based on detailed analysis of official documents, a victimization survey, interviews, and direct observation, seen in the overall context of the history of race relations in Britain. The author describes many of the thousands of racist attacks that have occurred in recent years and the events in the last two decades that have shaped English racism, and the political response to it. In this paperback edition Ben Bowling's Preface examines the racist murder of the black teenager, Stephen Lawrence, whose killing in cold blood on an ordinary English street in April 1993 did not hit the headlines until February 1999, causing reverberations across the whole body of British politics and beyond.

Researching Violence

Author: Raymond M. Lee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317834861
Release Date: 2014-06-11
Genre: Social Science

Violence is a research topic that is fraught with difficulties. A notoriously sensitive subject, and one that is presumed to be largely hidden, researchers have long struggled with the question of how to measure its impact and how to explore its incidence. Arising from the ESRC's Violence Research Programme, Researching Violence is a practical guide both to theses problems and to the obstacles encountered when negotiating this uneasy terrain. Comprising the reflections of researchers who have worked on diverse projects - from violence in the home to racial violence and homicide - this book demonstrates the ingenuity and at times courageous actions of researchers having to think on their feet. It also investigates the ethical and emotional issues arising from working with the victims and perpetrators of violence. This book will be indispensable for students and academics doing research projects on violence.

Criminology and Social Theory

Author: David Garland
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198299427
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Social Science

In this unique collection, a distinguished group of social theorists reflect upon the ways in which crime and its control feature in the political and cultural landscapes of contemporary societies. The book brings together for the first time some of today's most powerful social analysts in a discussion of the meaning of crime and punishment in late-modern society. The result is a stimulating and provocative volume that will be of equal interest to specialist criminologists and those working in the fields of social and cultural studies.

Global Policing

Author: Ben Bowling
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781446292174
Release Date: 2011-12-16
Genre: Law

In the transitional networked society, police power is no longer constrained by the borders of the nation state. It has globalised. Global Policing shows how security threats have been constructed by powerful actors to justify the creation of a new global policing architecture and how the subculture of policing shapes the world system. Demonstrating how a theory of global policing is central to understanding global governance, the text explores: - the 'new security agenda' focused on serious organised crime and terrorism and how this is transforming policing - the creation of global organisations such as Interpol, regional entities such as Europol, and national policing agencies with a transnational reach - the subculture of the 'global cops', blurring boundaries between police, private security, military and secret intelligence agencies - the reality of transnational policing on the ground, its effectiveness, legitimacy, accountability and future development. Written by two leading international experts who bring cutting-edge theoretical debates to life with case studies and examples, Global Policing will prove captivating reading for students and scholars in criminology, criminal justice, international relations, law and sociology.

Imagining the Victim of Crime

Author: Sandra Walklate
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
ISBN: 9780335230341
Release Date: 2006-10-01
Genre: Social Science

Written in the post 9/11 context this book considers the efficacy of theory and policy relating to questions of victimhood to accommodate the current political and cultural climate and offers a critical understanding of both. It adopts an explicitly cross-cultural position on these questions.

Rethinking social policy

Author: Gail Lewis
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN: 0761967540
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Political Science

Rethinking Social Policy is a comprehensive introduction to, and analysis of, the complex mixture of problems and possibilities within the study of social policy. Contributors at the cutting edge of social policy analysis reflect upon the implications of new social and theoretical movements for welfare and the study of social policy. Topics covered include: criminology and crime control; race, class and gender; poverty and sexuality; the body and the emotions; violence; work and welfare in Europe. Examples are drawn from a variety of welfare sectors such as: social services and community care, health, education, employment, and criminal justice. This is a course reader for The Open University course (D860) R

Communities Identities and Crime

Author: Basia Spalek
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 9781861348043
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Political Science

This book provides a critical exploration of the importance of social identities when considering crime, victimisation and criminal justice and offers a refreshing perspective on the most significant developments in relation to equality and diversity issues that feature in policies and practices of criminal justice agencies.

Criminology

Author: Chris Hale
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: PSU:000058234303
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Law

"Criminology is the ideal textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students coming to the subject for the first time. Written by a team of leading criminologists, the book covers a wide range of topics including: historical and contemporary understandings of crime and criminal justice; different forms of crime - from street crime to state crime; who commits crime and who are the victims of crime; and how society and state agencies respond to crime and disorder. The contributions to the book offer clear, accessible introductions to the main issues in criminology, and the book includes questions, summaries, further reading, a comprehensive glossary, and tables and diagrams throughout."--BOOK JACKET.

The Victimization of Women

Author: Michelle L. Meloy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199765102
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Social Science

In The Victimization of Women, Michelle Meloy and Susan Miller present a balanced and comprehensive summary of the most significant research on the victimizations, violence, and victim politics that disproportionately affect women. They examine the history of violence against women, the surrounding debates, the legal reforms, the related media and social-service responses, and the current science on intimate-partner violence, stalking, sexual harassment, sexual assault, and rape. They augment these victimization findings with original research on women convicted of domestic battery and men convicted of sexual abuse and other sex-related offenses. In these new data, the authors explore the unanticipated consequences associated with changes to the laws governing domestic violence and the newer forms of sex-offender legislation. Based on qualitative data involving in-depth, offender-based interviews, and analyzing the circumstances surrounding arrests, victimizations, and experiences with the criminal justice system, The Victimization of Women makes great strides forward in understanding and ultimately combating violence against women.

Crime and Justice at the Millennium

Author: Robert A. Silverman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781475748833
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Genre: Social Science

Ira Lipman Marvin Wolfgang was the greatest criminologist in the United States of America in the last half of the 20th century, if not the entire century. We first met on March 3, 1977, in Philadelphia. I sought him out after his work with Edwin Newman's NBC Reports: Violence in America. He was a tender, loving, caring individual who loved excellence-whether it be an intellectual challenge, the arts or any other pursuit. It is a great privilege to take part in honoring Marvin Wolfgang, a great American. Our approaches to the subject of crime came from different perspectives one as a researcher and the other as the founder of one of the world's largest security services companies. We both wanted to understand the causes of crime, and our discussions began a more than 21-year friendship, based on mutual respect and shared values. Dr. Wolfgang's scholarship aimed for the goal of promoting a safer, more prosperous society, one in which economic opportunity replaced criminal enterprise. He never saw crime in isolation but as part of a complex web of social relations. Only by understanding the causes and patterns of crime can society find ways to prevent it. Only through scholarship can the criminal justice community influence policy makers. To encourage the innovative scholarship that marked Marvin's career, Guardsmark established the Lipman Criminology Library at the University of Pennsylvania, at his request, and created a national criminology award in his name, the Wolfgang Award for Distinguished Achievement in Criminology.

Hard cop soft cop

Author: Roger Hopkins Burke
Publisher: Willan Pub
ISBN: UOM:39015061157973
Release Date: 2004-05
Genre: Political Science

The 16 chapters of this book examine policing styles and their effects in the context of and in response to the characteristics and threats of contemporary societies, with attention to developments in the United Kingdom and some other Western countries. The chapter focuses on both the styles and pervasiveness of modern policing in culturally diverse societies faced with significant security threats. The policing styles contrasted are "hard" policing, which is exemplified by the "zero tolerance" policing approach made popular by Mayor Giuliani in New York City in the mid-1990's, and "soft" policing, as illustrated under the paradigms of community policing and restorative justice. These policing styles coexist under an "umbrella" of multiagency social control that encompasses the public police, private police, and social service agencies. The chapters of this book discuss these issues under three major sections. The first section contains six chapters that address "zero tolerance" in New York City, the policing of incivilities in Germany, the policing of socially isolated minority communities in the United Kingdom, the policing of British Asian communities, "hard" policing under current British probation policies, and the "soft" approach of private policing in Great Britain. The second section on the policing of contemporary offenses discusses policing "crackdowns," a proactive approach to theft offenses, stalking, financial crime, and police involvement in rehabilitative probation programs. The four chapters of the concluding section consider the operation of current policing styles within liberal democracies and how current threats to democratic nations are creating a conflict between citizens' desires for collective security and the preservation of accustomed civil liberties and human rights.