Finding Common Ground

Author: Ron Iphofen
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781787141315
Release Date: 2017
Genre: Social sciences

Over the past decade there has been growing national and international concern about the impact of systems for the management of research ethics in the social sciences. In particular these 'procedural bureaucracies' are seen as inappropriate to the ethical governance of social scientific research as they were designed around the challenges presented by biomedical research. This volume addresses and debates these concerns and identifies areas of 'common ground', core ethics principles and areas of particular concern in research ethics across the social sciences. This volume draws on proceedings and papers delivered at a Symposia series under the auspices of the UK Academy of Social Sciences (AcSS). This project aimed to advance the understanding and application of core ethics values to all aspects of social science research from inception and review through research design, data acquisition, analysis and management to dissemination and application, in collaboration with social science learned societies, research funders, higher education establishments, researchers and participants in research.

The Ethics of Online Research

Author: Kandy Woodfield
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781787144866
Release Date: 2017-12-15
Genre:

This volume focuses on the ethics of internet and social networking research exploring the challenges faced by researchers making use of social media and big data in their research. The internet, the world wide web and social media - indeed all forms of online communications - are attractive fields of research across a range of disciplines. They offer opportunities for methodological initiatives and innovations in research and easily accessed, massive amounts of primary and secondary data sources. This collection examines the new challenges posed by data generated online, explores how researchers are addressing those ethical challenges, and provides rich case studies of ethical decision making in the digital age.

Research Ethics and Integrity for Social Scientists

Author: Mark Israel
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781473909168
Release Date: 2014-10-20
Genre: Social Science

Ethics and integrity in research are increasingly important for social scientists around the world. We are tackling more complex problems in the face of expanding and not always sympathetic regulation. This book surveys the recent developments and debates around researching ethically and with integrity and complying with ethical requirements. The new edition pushes beyond the work of the first edition through updated and extended coverage of issues relating to international, indigenous, interdisciplinary and internet research. Through case studies and examples drawn from all continents and from across the social science disciplines, the book: demonstrates the practical value of thinking seriously and systematically about ethical conduct in social science research identifies how and why current regulatory regimes have emerged reveals those practices that have contributed to the adversarial relationships between researchers and regulators encourages all parties to develop shared solutions to ethical and regulatory problems.

On Virtue Ethics

Author: Rosalind Hursthouse
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198238188
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Philosophy

Virtue ethics is perhaps the most important development within late 20th-century moral philosophy. Rosalind Hursthouse presents an exposition and defence of her neo-Aristotelian version of virtue ethics.

Ethics and Integrity in Health and Life Sciences Research

Author:
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781787435728
Release Date: 2018-12-06
Genre: Social Science

This important volume covers ethics and integrity in health and life sciences research. It addresses concerns in gene editing, dual use and misuse of biotechnologies, big data and nutritional science in health and medicine, and covers attempts at ensuring ethical practices in such fields are shared internationally.

The Ethics of Science

Author: David B. Resnik
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134705856
Release Date: 2005-08-12
Genre: Philosophy

Ethics of Science is a comprehensive and student-friendly introduction to the study of ethics in science and scientific research. The book covers: * Science and Ethics * Ethical Theory and Applications * Science as a Profession * Standards of Ethical Conduct in Science * Objectivity in Research * Ethical Issues in the Laboratory * The Scientist in Society * Toward a More Ethical Science * Actual case studies include: Baltimore Affair * cold fusion * Milikan's oil drop experiments * human and animal cloning * Cold War experiments * Strategic Defence Initiative * the Challenger accident * Tobacco Research.

Technology and the Virtues

Author: Associate Professor of Philosophy Shannon Vallor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190498511
Release Date: 2016-09-01
Genre: Technology

The 21st century offers a dizzying array of new technological developments: robots smart enough to take white collar jobs, social media tools that manage our most important relationships, ordinary objects that track, record, analyze and share every detail of our daily lives, and biomedical techniques with the potential to transform and enhance human minds and bodies to an unprecedented degree. Emerging technologies are reshaping our habits, practices, institutions, cultures and environments in increasingly rapid, complex and unpredictable ways that create profound risks and opportunities for human flourishing on a global scale. How can our future be protected in such challenging and uncertain conditions? How can we possibly improve the chances that the human family will not only live, but live well, into the 21st century and beyond? This book locates a key to that future in the distant past: specifically, in the philosophical traditions of virtue ethics developed by classical thinkers from Aristotle and Confucius to the Buddha. Each developed a way of seeking the good life that equips human beings with the moral and intellectual character to flourish even in the most unpredictable, complex and unstable situations--precisely where we find ourselves today. Through an examination of the many risks and opportunities presented by rapidly changing technosocial conditions, Vallor makes the case that if we are to have any real hope of securing a future worth wanting, then we will need more than just better technologies. We will also need better humans. Technology and the Virtues develops a practical framework for seeking that goal by means of the deliberate cultivation of technomoral virtues specific skills and strengths of character, adapted to the unique challenges of 21st century life, that offer the human family our best chance of learning to live wisely and well with emerging technologies.

Kant on Reflection and Virtue

Author: Melissa Merritt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108424714
Release Date: 2018-04-30
Genre: Philosophy

A new approach to Kant's conception of virtue which grounds it in his innovative account of reflection and cognitive agency.

Character Strengths and Virtues

Author: Christopher Peterson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198037333
Release Date: 2004-04-08
Genre: Psychology

"Character" has become a front-and-center topic in contemporary discourse, but this term does not have a fixed meaning. Character may be simply defined by what someone does not do, but a more active and thorough definition is necessary, one that addresses certain vital questions. Is character a singular characteristic of an individual, or is it composed of different aspects? Does character--however we define it--exist in degrees, or is it simply something one happens to have? How can character be developed? Can it be learned? Relatedly, can it be taught, and who might be the most effective teacher? What roles are played by family, schools, the media, religion, and the larger culture? This groundbreaking handbook of character strengths and virtues is the first progress report from a prestigious group of researchers who have undertaken the systematic classification and measurement of widely valued positive traits. They approach good character in terms of separate strengths-authenticity, persistence, kindness, gratitude, hope, humor, and so on-each of which exists in degrees. Character Strengths and Virtues classifies twenty-four specific strengths under six broad virtues that consistently emerge across history and culture: wisdom, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence. Each strength is thoroughly examined in its own chapter, with special attention to its meaning, explanation, measurement, causes, correlates, consequences, and development across the life span, as well as to strategies for its deliberate cultivation. This book demands the attention of anyone interested in psychology and what it can teach about the good life.

Children Ethics and the Law

Author: Gerald P. Koocher
Publisher:
ISBN: 0803277768
Release Date: 1993
Genre: Law

Koocher and Keith-Spiegel introduce the reader to a variety of ethical and legal dilemmas that may arise for mental-health professionals working with children, adolescents, and their families. They offer advice on how to analyze problematic situations and arrive at appropriate decisions. A unique feature of the book is the inclusion of more than 130 vignettes drawn from court decisions and actual clinical incidents. Covering such topics as counseling in schools, psychotherapy in private practice, research in university laboratories, and testifying in court, the authors address a broad spectrum of concerns for professionals who attend to the mental health needs of children. Gerald P. Koocher is chief psychologist at Boston’s Children’s Hospital and an associate professor of psychology at Harvard Medical School. He is editor of the journal Ethics and Behavior and coauthor, with John E. O’Malley, of The Damocles Syndrome: Psycho-social Consequences of Surviving Childhood Cancer.

Cultivating Moral Character and Virtue in Professional Practice

Author: David Carr
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351725101
Release Date: 2018-03-05
Genre: Education

Cultivating Moral Character and Virtue in Professional Practice?is a pioneering collection of essays focused on the place of character and virtue in professional practice. Professional practices usually have codes of conduct designed to ensure?good conduct;?but?while?such codes may be necessary and useful, they appear?far from sufficient,?since many?recent public scandals in professional life seem to have been attributable to failures of personal moral character. This book argues that there is a pressing need to devote more attention in professional education to the cultivation or development of such moral qualities as integrity, courage, self-control, service and selflessness. Featuring contributions from distinguished leaders in the application of virtue ethics to professional practice,?such as?Sarah Banks, Ann Gallagher, Geoffrey Moore, Justin Oakley and Nancy Sherman, the volume looks beyond traditional professions to explore the ethical dimensions of a broad range of important professional practices. Inspired by a successful international and interdisciplinary conference on the topic, the book examines various ways of promoting moral character and virtue in professional life from the general ethical perspective of contemporary neo-Aristotelian virtue theory. The professional concerns of this work are of global significance and the book?will be?valuable?reading?for all?working in?contemporary?professional?practices.?It?will?be of particular interest to academics, practitioners and postgraduate students in the fields of education, medicine, nursing, social work, business and commerce and military service.

Moral Character

Author: Christian B. Miller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199674350
Release Date: 2013-05-09
Genre: Philosophy

Christian Miller presents a new account of moral character. Most of us are not virtuous. We do not have virtues such as compassion, honesty, or courage. But at the same time, we are not vicious people either. We do not have vices such as cruelty, dishonesty, or cowardice. Instead most people today have characters which do not qualify as either virtuous or vicious. We have many positive moral features, but also many negative ones too. Our characters are decidedlymixed, and are much more complex than we might have thought. In Moral Character: An Empirical Theory Miller outlines a new picture of our moral character which involves what are called Mixed CharacterTraits. This picture can help make sense of how most of us are less than virtuous people but also morally better than the vicious.