Visuality and Virtuality

Author: Whitney Davis
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691171944
Release Date: 2017-11-07
Genre: Art

A provocative and challenging new conceptual framework for the study of images This book builds on the groundbreaking theoretical framework established in Whitney Davis’s acclaimed previous book, A General Theory of Visual Culture, in which he shows how certain culturally constituted aspects of artifacts and pictures are visible to informed viewers. Here, Davis uses revealing archaeological and historical case studies to further develop his theory, presenting an exacting new account of the interaction that occurs when a viewer looks at a picture. Davis argues that pictoriality—the depiction intended by its maker to be seen—emerges at a particular standpoint in space and time. Reconstruction of this standpoint is the first step of the art historian’s craft. Because standpoints are inherently mutable and mobile, pictoriality constantly shifts in form and possible meaning. To capture this complexity, Davis develops new concepts of radical pictorial ambiguity, including “bivisibility” (the fact that pictures can always be seen in ways other than intended), pictorial naturalism, and the behavior of pictures under changing angles of view. He then applies these concepts to four cases—Paleolithic cave painting; ancient Egyptian tomb decoration; classical Greek architectural sculpture, with a focus on the Parthenon frieze; and Renaissance perspective as invented by Brunelleschi. A profound new theory of the work of both makers and viewers by one of the discipline’s most esteemed and engaged thinkers, Visuality and Virtuality is essential reading for art historians, architects, archaeologists, and philosophers of art and visual theory.

A General Theory of Visual Culture

Author: Whitney Davis
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691178073
Release Date: 2017-11-07
Genre: Art

What is cultural about vision--or visual about culture? In this ambitious book, Whitney Davis provides new answers to these difficult and important questions by presenting an original framework for understanding visual culture. Grounded in the theoretical traditions of art history, A General Theory of Visual Culture argues that, in a fully consolidated visual culture, artifacts and pictures have been made to be seen in a certain way; what Davis calls "visuality" is the visual perspective from which certain culturally constituted aspects of artifacts and pictures are visible to informed viewers. In this book, Davis provides a systematic analysis of visuality and describes how it comes into being as a historical form of vision. Expansive in scope, A General Theory of Visual Culture draws on art history, aesthetics, the psychology of perception, the philosophy of reference, and vision science, as well as visual-cultural studies in history, sociology, and anthropology. It provides penetrating new definitions of form, style, and iconography, and draws important and sometimes surprising conclusions (for example, that vision does not always attain to visual culture, and that visual culture is not always wholly visible). The book uses examples from a variety of cultural traditions, from prehistory to the twentieth century, to support a theory designed to apply to all human traditions of making artifacts and pictures--that is, to visual culture as a worldwide phenomenon.

Queer Beauty

Author: Whitney Davis
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231519557
Release Date: 2010-08-26
Genre: Philosophy

The pioneering work of Johann Winckelmann (1717-1768) identified a homoerotic appreciation of male beauty in classical Greek sculpture, a fascination that had endured in Western art since the Greeks. Yet after Winckelmann, the value (even the possibility) of art's queer beauty was often denied. Several theorists, notably the philosopher Immanuel Kant, broke sexual attraction and aesthetic appreciation into separate or dueling domains. In turn, sexual desire and aesthetic pleasure had to be profoundly rethought by later writers. Whitney Davis follows how such innovative thinkers as John Addington Symonds, Michel Foucault, and Richard Wollheim rejoined these two domains, reclaiming earlier insights about the mutual implication of sexuality and aesthetics. Addressing texts by Arthur Schopenhauer, Charles Darwin, Oscar Wilde, Vernon Lee, and Sigmund Freud, among many others, Davis criticizes modern approaches, such as Kantian idealism, Darwinism, psychoanalysis, and analytic aesthetics, for either reducing aesthetics to a question of sexuality or for removing sexuality from the aesthetic field altogether. Despite these schematic reductions, sexuality always returns to aesthetics, and aesthetic considerations always recur in sexuality. Davis particularly emphasizes the way in which philosophies of art since the late eighteenth century have responded to nonstandard sexuality, especially homoeroticism, and how theories of nonstandard sexuality have drawn on aesthetics in significant ways. Many imaginative and penetrating critics have wrestled productively, though often inconclusively and "against themselves," with the aesthetic making of sexual life and new forms of art made from reconstituted sexualities. Through a critique that confronts history, philosophy, science, psychology, and dominant theories of art and sexuality, Davis challenges privileged types of sexual and aesthetic creation imagined in modern culture-and assumed today.

Cultivating Citizens

Author: Lauren Kroiz
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520286566
Release Date: 2018-04-03
Genre: Art

"Cultivating Citizens rethinks the aesthetics and politics of regionalism in the United States during the 1930s and 1940s. During this period, painters Grant Wood, Thomas Hart Benton, and John Steuart Curry formed a loose alliance as American Regionalists. Some lauded their depictions of the rural landscape and hardworking inhabitants of America's midwestern heartland. Others deemed Regionalist painting dangerous, regarding its easily understood realism as a vehicle for jingoism, chauvinism, and even fascism. Cultivating Citizens shifts the terms of this ongoing debate over subject matter and style by considering heretofore neglected Regionalist programs of art education and concepts of artistic labor."--Provided by publisher.

Into the Image

Author: Kevin Robins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134758982
Release Date: 2002-11-01
Genre: Social Science

First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Pre Raphaelite Girl Gang

Author: Kirsty Stonell Walker
Publisher: Unicorn
ISBN: 1911604635
Release Date: 2018-09-13
Genre:

Pre-RaphaeliteGirl Gang willintroduce readers of all ages to the remarkable women of the Pre-Raphaelite artmovement which began in the second half of the nineteenth century and continuedthrough the early part of the twentieth. From models to artists, these womenall contributed something personal and incredible towards the most beautifuland imaginative art movement in the world. From duchesses to poor laundresses,each woman has a story to tell and a unique viewpoint on art no matter theirage, status or background. Rich or poor, black or white, these women redefinedwhat it meant to be beautiful and influential in a male-dominated world andbroke new ground in art, business and women's rights to pursue the life theyloved. Spanning almost a century and uncovering the truth behind some familiarand less familiar faces, this collection will offer new information to readersalready interested in Pre-Raphaelite art and open the doors on an enchantingand revolutionary band of women who are unlikely and compelling role models.Artists, sculptors, inventors, models, wives, sisters and muses, all provideinspiration for ground-breakers and trouble-makers today.

Mediapolis

Author: Alex de Jong
Publisher: 010 Publishers
ISBN: 9789064506284
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Popular culture


Brushstroke and Emergence

Author: James D. Herbert
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226272016
Release Date: 2015-11-16
Genre: Art

Analyzing ten paintings by Courbet, Manet, Cézanne, Monet, Seurat, and Picasso exposes vital relationships between intension and habit, the singular and the complex. In doing so, it uncovers a space worthy of historical and aesthetic analysis between the brushstroke and the self

Understanding Augmented Reality

Author: Alan B. Craig
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 9780240824109
Release Date: 2013-04-26
Genre: Computers

Understanding Augmented Reality addresses the elements that are required to create augmented reality experiences. The technology that supports augmented reality will come and go, evolve and change. The underlying principles for creating exciting, useful augmented reality experiences are timeless. Augmented reality designed from a purely technological perspective will lead to an AR experience that is novel and fun for one-time consumption - but is no more than a toy. Imagine a filmmaking book that discussed cameras and special effects software, but ignored cinematography and storytelling! In order to create compelling augmented reality experiences that stand the test of time and cause the participant in the AR experience to focus on the content of the experience - rather than the technology - one must consider how to maximally exploit the affordances of the medium. Understanding Augmented Reality addresses core conceptual issues regarding the medium of augmented reality as well as the technology required to support compelling augmented reality. By addressing AR as a medium at the conceptual level in addition to the technological level, the reader will learn to conceive of AR applications that are not limited by today’s technology. At the same time, ample examples are provided that show what is possible with current technology. Explore the different techniques, technologies and approaches used in developing AR applications Learn from the author's deep experience in virtual reality and augmented reality applications to succeed right off the bat, and avoid many of the traps that catch new developers and users of augmented reality experiences Some AR examples can be experienced from within the book using downloadable software

The Art of Philosophy

Author: Susanna Berger
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400885121
Release Date: 2017-02-28
Genre: Art

Delving into the intersections between artistic images and philosophical knowledge in Europe from the late sixteenth to the early eighteenth centuries, The Art of Philosophy shows that the making and study of visual art functioned as important methods of philosophical thinking and instruction. From frontispieces of books to monumental prints created by philosophers in collaboration with renowned artists, Susanna Berger examines visual representations of philosophy and overturns prevailing assumptions about the limited function of the visual in European intellectual history. Rather than merely illustrating already existing philosophical concepts, visual images generated new knowledge for both Aristotelian thinkers and anti-Aristotelians, such as Descartes and Hobbes. Printmaking and drawing played a decisive role in discoveries that led to a move away from the authority of Aristotle in the seventeenth century. Berger interprets visual art from printed books, student lecture notebooks, alba amicorum (friendship albums), broadsides, and paintings, and examines the work of such artists as Pietro Testa, Léonard Gaultier, Abraham Bosse, Dürer, and Rembrandt. In particular, she focuses on the rise and decline of the "plural image," a genre that was popular among early modern philosophers. Plural images brought multiple images together on the same page, often in order to visualize systems of logic, metaphysics, natural philosophy, or moral philosophy. Featuring previously unpublished prints and drawings from the early modern period and lavish gatefolds, The Art of Philosophy reveals the essential connections between visual commentary and philosophical thought.

A General Theory of Visual Culture

Author: Whitney Davis
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691147659
Release Date: 2011-02-27
Genre: Art

What is cultural about vision - or visual about culture? This book provides answers to these questions by presenting a framework for understanding visual culture. It argues that, in a fully consolidated visual culture, artifacts and pictures have been made to be seen in a certain way.

Reading the Figural Or Philosophy After the New Media

Author: David Rodowick
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822327228
Release Date: 2001-09-11
Genre: Philosophy

DIVTheorizes the concept of the figural as a way to get beyond the long held aesthetic distinction between plastic and linguistic arts, a distinction that will not work for film and new media./div

New Media

Author: Martin Lister
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415431606
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

New Media: A Critical Introduction is a comprehensive introduction to the culture, history, technologies and theories of new media. Written especially for students, the book considers the ways in which 'new media' really are new, assesses the claims that a media and technological revolution has taken place and formulates new ways for media studies to respond to new technologies. The authors introduce a wide variety of topics including: how to define the characteristics of new media; social and political uses of new media and new communications; new media technologies, politics and globalization; everyday life and new media; theories of interactivity, simulation, the new media economy; cybernetics, cyberculture, the history of automata and artificial life. Substantially updated from the first edition to cover recent theoretical developments, approaches and significant technological developments, this is the best and by far the most comprehensive textbook available on this exciting and expanding subject. At www.newmediaintro.com you will find: additional international case studies with online references specially created You Tube videos on machines and digital photography a new 'Virtual Camera' case study, with links to short film examples useful links to related websites, resources and research sites further online reading links to specific arguments or discussion topics in the book links to key scholars in the field of new media.

Virtual Art

Author: Oliver Grau
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262572230
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Art

Although many people view virtual reality as a modern phenomenon, it has its foundations in a history of immersive images. The search for illusionary visual space can be traced back to antiquity. This text shows how virtual art fits into the art history of illusion and immersion.