Author: Evan Thompson
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Release Date: 2014-11-11
A renowned philosopher of the mind, also known for his groundbreaking work on Buddhism and cognitive science, Evan Thompson combines the latest neuroscience research on sleep, dreaming, and meditation with Indian and Western philosophy of the mind, casting new light on the self and its relation to the brain. Thompson shows how the self is a changing process, not a static thing. When we are awake we identify with our body, but if we let our mind wander or daydream, we project a mentally imagined self into the remembered past or anticipated future. As we fall asleep, the impression of being a bounded self distinct from the world dissolves, but the self reappears in the dream state. If we have a lucid dream, we no longer identify only with the self within the dream. Our sense of self now includes our dreaming self, the ÒIÓ as dreamer. Finally, as we meditateÑeither in the waking state or in a lucid dreamÑwe can observe whatever images or thoughts arise and how we tend to identify with them as Òme.Ó We can also experience sheer awareness itself, distinct from the changing contents that make up our image of the self. Contemplative traditions say that we can learn to let go of the self, so that when we die we can witness the dissolution of the self with equanimity. Thompson weaves together neuroscience, philosophy, and personal narrative to depict these transformations, adding uncommon depth to lifeÕs profound questions. Contemplative experience comes to illuminate scientific findings, and scientific evidence enriches the vast knowledge acquired by contemplatives.
Author: Evan Thompson
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Release Date: 2014-09-02
In the ancient Indian epic, Mahabharata, the Lord of Death asks, “What is the most wondrous thing in the world?”, and his son answers, “It is that all around us people can be dying and we don’t believe it can happen to us.” This refusal to face the inevitability of death is especially prevalent in modern Western societies. We look to science to tell us how things are but biomedicine and neuroscience divest death of any personal significance by presenting it as just the breakdown of the body and the cessation of consciousness. The Tibetan Buddhist perspective stands in sharp contrast to this modern scientific notion of death. This tradition conceives dying not as the mere termination of living processes within the body, but as a rite of passage and transformation of consciousness. Physical death, in this tradition, initiates a transition from one of the six bardos (“in-between states”) of consciousness to an opportunity for total enlightenment. In Dying: What Happens When We Die?, Evan Thompson establishes a middle ground between the depersonalized, scientific account of death and the highly ritualized notion of death found in Tibetan Buddhism. Thompson’s depiction of death and dying offers an insightful neurobiological analysis while also delving into the phenomenology of death, examining the psychological and spiritual effects of dying on human consciousness. In a trenchant critique of the near-death experience literature, he shows that these experiences do not provide evidence for the continuation of consciousness after death, but also that they must be understood phenomenologically and not in purely neuroscience terms. We must learn to tolerate the “ultimate ungraspability of death” by bearing witness to dying and death instead of turning away from them. We can learn to face the experience of dying through meditative practice, and to view the final moments of life not as a frightening inevitability to be shunned or ignored, but as a deeply personal experience to be accepted and even embraced.
Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2016-12-23
Nutrition and Lifestyle in Neurological Autoimmune Diseases: Multiple Sclerosis discusses important discoveries relating to the types of, and efficacy of, nutritional and lifestyle responses to symptoms and reoccurrence of MS. Each chapter defines a new approach to use in foods, dietary supplements, exercise, behavior, and/or lifestyle in health promotion and symptoms management for MS. This book presents the role of non-pharmaceutical approaches and is essential reading for neurologists, physicians, nurses, nutritionists, dietitians, healthcare professionals, research scientists, biochemists, and general practitioners. Presents a comprehensive overview that details the role of nutrition and exercise in Multiple Sclerosis Written for researchers and clinicians in neurology, neuroscience, and exercise and nutrition Defines a new approach that focuses on foods, dietary supplements, exercise, behavior, and lifestyle in health promotion and symptoms management for MS
Lucid dreaming—becoming fully conscious in the dream state—has attracted legions of those seeking to explore their vast inner worlds. Yet our states of sleep offer much more than entertainment. Combining modern lucid dreaming principles with the time-tested insights of Tibetan dream yoga makes this astonishing yet elusive experience both easier to access and profoundly life-changing. With Dream Yoga, Andrew Holecek presents a practical guide for meditators, lucid dreamers ready to go deeper, and complete beginners. Topics include: meditations and techniques for dream induction and lucidity, enhancing dream recall, dream interpretation, working with nightmares, and more.
Author: Dalai Lama
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Release Date: 2002-05-01
This is an absorbing account of a dialogue between leading Western scientists and the foremost representative of Buddhism today, the Dalai Lama of Tibet. For modern science, the transitional states of consciousness lie at the forefront of research in many fields. For a Buddhist practitioner these same states present crucial opportunities to explore and transform consciousness itself. This book is the account of a historic dialogue between leading Western scientists and the Dalai Lama of Tibet. Revolving around three key moments of consciousness--sleep, dreams, and death--the conversations recorded here are both engrossing and highly readable. Whether the topic is lucid dreaming, near-death experiences, or the very structure of consciousness itself, the reader is continually surprised and delighted. Narrated by Francisco Varela, an internationally recognized neuroscientist, the book begins with insightful remarks on the notion of personal identity by noted philosopher Charles Taylor, author of the acclaimed Sources of Self. This sets the stage for Dr. Jerome Engel, Dr. Joyce MacDougal, and others to engage in extraordinary exchanges with the Dalai Lama on topics ranging from the neurology of sleep to the yoga of dreams. Remarkable convergences between the Western scientific tradition and the Buddhist contemplative sciences are revealed. Dr. Jayne Gackenbach's discussion of lucid dreaming, for example, prompts a detailed and fascinating response from the Dalai Lama on the manipulation of dreams by Buddhist meditators. The conversations also reveal provocative divergences of opinion, as when the Dalai Lama expresses skepticism about "Near-Death Experiences" as presented by Joan Halifax. The conversations are engrossing and highly readable. Any reader interested in psychology, neuroscience, Buddhism, or the alternative worlds of dreams will surely enjoy Sleeping, Dreaming, and Dying.
Is there a theory that explains the essence of consciousness? Or is consciousness itself an illusion? Am I conscious now? Now considered the 'last great mystery of science', consciousness was once viewed with extreme scepticism and rejected by mainstream scientists. It is now a significant area of research, albeit a contentious one, as well as a rapidly expanding area of study for students of psychology, philosophy, and neuroscience. This edition of Consciousness, revised by author team Susan Blackmore and Emily Troscianko, explores the key theories and evidence in consciousness studies ranging from neuroscience and psychology to quantum theories and philosophy. It examines why the term ‘consciousness’ has no recognised definition and provides an opportunity to delve into personal intuitions about the self, mind, and consciousness. Featuring comprehensive coverage of all core topics in the field, this edition includes: Why the problem of consciousness is so hard Neuroscience and the neural correlates of consciousness Why we might be mistaken about our own minds The apparent difference between conscious and unconscious Theories of attention, free will, and self and other The evolution of consciousness in animals and machines Altered states from meditation to drugs and dreaming Complete with key concept boxes, profiles of well-known thinkers, and questions and activities suitable for both independent study and group work, Consciousness provides a complete introduction to this fascinating field. Additional resources are available on the accompanying companion website: www.routledge.com/cw/blackmore ?
Author: A. Satyanarayana
Release Date: 2005
This volume is felicitate Prof. Ravula Soma Reddy, by two of his Ekalavyastudents of Prof. Ravula. Soma Reddy During his career in the Dept. of History,Osmania University, Hyderabad, he has rendered yeomen service both as anacademician, researcher, teacher as well as an administrator. The papers in thisVolume written by distinguished scholars highlight the warmth of affection theyhold towards Prof. Ravula Soma Reddy. A long cherished wish of the Editorswas to present a volume of essays written to felicitate him. The articles 47 innumber are arranged in six sections thematically and chronologically. Section I-Society and Culturecontains 5 papers dealing with medieval and modernperiods. Section II-Religion and Philosophy carries six papers which dealt withvarious facets of religion-Hindu, Buddhist and Christian. Section Ill-Economycontains 11 papers dealing with the nature of economic changes during medievaland modern periods. Section IV-Administration and PolityConsists of 8 papers.They dealt with various aspects of polity and administration during modernperiod-Princely states, freedom struggle, state policy during British period,press and its role in vernacular literature, Ambedkars philosophy etc., SectionV- Archaeology, Art and Architecture contains 10 papers, dealing with themultifaceted aspects of Art, Architecture, Prehistory, Buddhist Art andIconography etc. Section VI-Historiographycontains 5 papers, which dealwith folklore in the local histories of Temples, private ownership of land anddisputes in medieval period, Mughal and Persian documents and their significanceetc in this volume . This Volume will prove indispensable to scholars andstudents of Indian History.,and book will be useful addition to all libraries interestedin the political history, administration, social, economic, anthropological andsociological studies in India and also to a general reader.
Author: Clare R. Johnson
Publisher: Llewellyn Worldwide
Release Date: 2017-10-08
Genre: Body, Mind & Spirit
Wake Up in Your Dreams and Live a Happier, More Lucid Life A lucid dream is a dream in which you become aware that you’re dreaming. It’s a powerful opportunity to solve problems, create new possibilities, take charge of your own healing, and explore the depths of reality. This book provides a range of practical techniques and activities to help you bring the creativity and super-conscious awareness of lucid dreaming into your life. Join international expert Clare R. Johnson as she shares the most up-to-date lucid dreaming techniques on how to get and stay lucid, guide dreams, resolve nightmares, deepen creativity, and integrate dream wisdom into everyday life. Drawing on cutting-edge science and psychology, this book is packed with inspiring stories of life-changing lucid dreams and fascinating insights into topics such as the ethics of dream sex, how to interact with lucid dream figures, and the nature of consciousness. Whether you’re a person who barely remembers your dreams or a lifelong lucid dreamer, this in-depth guide is the perfect next step as you cultivate the power of lucid dreaming. Praise: “Dr. Clare Johnson has energetically led the way in revealing the limitless practical and spiritual potential of lucid dreaming, so far-reaching it can change the world. Her clearly-written book is destined to become essential reading for all those interested in lucid dreaming. It points out the essential phenomena of lucid dreaming, and then amazes us by opening its extraordinary major vistas to us, that reveal the true glory and limitless potential of our inner universe. This is a significant book.”—Dr. Keith Hearne, the scientist who provided the world’s first proof of lucid dreaming in 1975, and inventor of the world’s first Dream Machine “Dr. Clare Johnson’s lucid dreaming guide stretches further and digs deeper than anything I have read. Her book is comprehensive, authoritative, and reader-friendly. A lucid dreamer herself, Dr. Johnson provides ways in which dreamers can use lucid dreaming for self-development, for enhancing creativity, for treating nightmares, and for healing themselves and their loved ones.”—Stanley Krippner, PhD, professor of psychology at Saybrook University and co-editor of Working with Dreams and PTSD Nightmares “A gift for lucid dreamers and would-be lucid dreamers everywhere, Dr. Johnson has written a powerful how-to resource book that is also inspirational. Highly recommended!”—Patricia Garfield, PhD, clinical psychologist and author of Creative Dreaming “What a splendid book! Whether you are new to lucid dreaming or have been working with dreams and writing about them for over thirty years, as I have, you will find a rich source of fascinating information here. I felt I was being carried along by an expert storyteller because the book is so easy to read, though it deals with complex aspects of lucid dreaming—neuroscience, dream mentors, creativity, spirituality, telepathy and so much more.”—Brenda Mallon, psychotherapist and author of Dreams, Counselling, and Healing “What particularly caught my eye as a sleep medicine doctor is how lucid dreaming can benefit nightmares and various other sleep disturbances, including the parasomnias . . . Dr. Johnson has clearly established herself to be the ultimate guide to lucid dreaming. This is a magnificent book!”—Carlos H. Schenck, MD, sleep disorders expert and author of Sleep: The Mysteries, The Problems, and the Solutions “Dr. Clare Johnson’s book is thorough, covers the current research, includes deep, mature understanding of human psyches, and is so artfully written that it opens closed minds with the utmost logic and grace . . . I applaud Dr. Johnson’s depth of experience with lucidity and her extraordinary ability to place a vast spectrum of experiences in the context of a well-lived life.”—Dr. Gayle Delaney, founding president of IASD and author of All About Dreams “Dr. Clare Johnson has given us one of the most intelligent and useful books about lucid dreaming that I know. Founded on her own lifelong practice, with the armature of wide-ranging research, it is packed with practical exercises that will help you to wake up and dream.”—Robert Moss, bestselling author of Conscious Dreaming, The Secret History of Dreaming, and Dreaming the Soul Back Home “In this book, Dr. Clare Johnson describes how to initiate lucid dreams and how to prolong and control them. She addresses everything from how to interact with dream characters to enhancing creativity with lucid trance states to how to talk to your children about lucidity. Johnson also addresses specialized topics . . . Llewellyn’s Complete Book of Lucid Dreaming is filled with spot-on advice.”—Deirdre Barrett, PhD, Harvard psychologist and author of The Committee of Sleep “An unprecedented accomplishment [by] a master lucid dreamer . . . This work provides a broad review of the history of lucid dreaming, a summary of the leading-edge research in the area, and—most importantly—an eminently useful, user-friendly manual for readers willing to experiment with lucid dream induction and stabilization strategies.”—Scott Sparrow, EdD, psychotherapist and author of Lucid Dreaming: Dawning of the Clear Light “The book you are holding in your hand is quite extraordinary . . . It opens the way to profound development and greater emotional, intellectual, and spiritual maturity. Dr. Clare Johnson’s book is a wonderful, intelligent summation of much that is currently known and understood about lucid dreaming, as well as offering some keen observations about its possible future evolution. I believe it belongs on the bookshelves of all serious dreamers and dream workers!”—Rev. Jeremy Taylor, co-founder and past president of the IASD and author of Where People Fly and Water Runs Uphill "Dr. Clare Johnson takes us on a tour through the fascinating and sometimes strange world of lucid dreaming. The book is a treasure trove of suggestions for inducing and enhancing lucid dreams, replete with many first-person reports and generously seasoned with results from scientific research and the history of lucid dreaming. Dr. Clare Johnson is uniquely qualified to take us on this tour, drawing from her academic research on lucid dreams, her experience as a writer of fiction, and her own experience as a lucid dreamer. This book comes as close to being a comprehensive overview of the field as one can imagine. Overall, this is an impressively creative and thoroughly charming discussion of lucidity, both in sleep and in wakefulness. It's an inspiring read—and also a fun one."—Dr. Jennifer Windt, lecturer in philosophy and author of Dreaming
Author: Kieran C.R. Fox
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2018-05-16
Where do spontaneous thoughts come from? It may be surprising that the seemingly straightforward answers "from the mind" or "from the brain" are in fact an incredibly recent understanding of the origins of spontaneous thought. For nearly all of human history, our thoughts - especially the most sudden, insightful, and important - were almost universally ascribed to divine or other external sources. Only in the past few centuries have we truly taken responsibility for their own mental content, and finally localized thought to the central nervous system - laying the foundations for a protoscience of spontaneous thought. But enormous questions still loom: what, exactly, is spontaneous thought? Why does our brain engage in spontaneous forms of thinking, and when is this most likely to occur? And perhaps the question most interesting and accessible from a scientific perspective: how does the brain generate and evaluate its own spontaneous creations? Spontaneous thought includes our daytime fantasies and mind-wandering; the flashes of insight and inspiration familiar to the artist, scientist, and inventor; and the nighttime visions we call dreams. This Handbook brings together views from neuroscience, psychology, philosophy, phenomenology, history, education, contemplative traditions, and clinical practice to begin to address the ubiquitous but poorly understood mental phenomena that we collectively call 'spontaneous thought.' In studying such an abstruse and seemingly impractical subject, we should remember that our capacity for spontaneity, originality, and creativity defines us as a species - and as individuals. Spontaneous forms of thought enable us to transcend not only the here and now of perceptual experience, but also the bonds of our deliberately-controlled and goal-directed cognition; they allow the space for us to be other than who we are, and for our minds to think beyond the limitations of our current viewpoints and beliefs.