Tribology of Elastomers

Author: Si-wei Zhang
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080543294
Release Date: 2004-08-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering

In spite of the practical importance of the friction, wear and lubrication of elastomers, limited literature is available on this topic. Addressing these needs, this book will give readers a complete understanding of rubber tribology and the key developments in this field over the last ten years. For the first time new and important achievements such as theories of rubber abrasion and surfacial mechanochemical effects of rubber wear are presented. The book pays special attention to the principles of rubber wear – a clear understanding of which is essential for those striving towards further increasing the working life of rubber. * Comprehensively and systematically covers main points of rubber tribology * The original choice of contents informs readers of the latest developments in the field *Meeting the needs of various readers - researchers, engineers, technicians, graduates

Fatigue and Tribological Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

Author: Laurence W. McKeen
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 1437778356
Release Date: 2009-11-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Part of a series of core databooks within the William Andrew Plastics Design Library, Fatigue and Tribological Properties of Plastics and Elastomers provides a comprehensive collection of graphical multipoint data and tabular data covering fatigue and tribology. The concept of fatigue is very straightforward: if an object is subjected to a stress or deformation, and it is repeated, the object becomes weaker. This weakening of plastic material is called fatigue. Tribology is the science and technology of surfaces in contact with each other and therefore covers friction, lubrication and wear. The reduction of wear and fatigue and the improvement of lubrication are key bottom-line issues for engineers and scientists involved in the plastics industry and product design with plastics. Fatigue and Tribological Properties of Plastics and Elastomers, 2e, is an update of all that has changed in the world of plastics since the 1st edition appeared nearly 15 years ago, and has been reorganized from a polymer chemistry point of view. A hard-working reference tool: part of the daily workflow of engineers and scientists involved in the plastics industry and product design with plastics The reduction of wear and fatigue and the improvement of lubrication are key bottom-line issues The data in this book provide engineers with the tools they need to design for low failure rates

Advances in Polymer Friction and Wear

Author: Lieng-Huang Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461399421
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Polymers and polymer composites have been increasinqly used in place of metals for various industries; namely, aerospace, automotive, bio-medical, computer, electrophotography, fiber, and rubber tire. Thus, an understanding of the interactions between polymers and between a polymer and a rigid counterface can enhance the applications of polymers under various environments. In meet ing this need, polymer tribology has evolved to deal with friction, lubrication and wear of polymeric materials and to answer some of the problems related to polymer-polymer interactions or oolymer rigid body interactions. The purpose of this first International Symposium was to introduce advances in studies of polymer friction and wear, especially in Britain and the U.S.S.R. Most earlier studies of the Fifties were stimulated by the growth of rubber tire industries. Continuous research through the Sixties has broadened the base to include other polymers such as nylon, polyolefins, and poly tetra fluoroethylene, or PTFE. However, much of this work was published in engineering or physics journals and rarely in chemistry journals; presumably, the latter have always considered the work to be too applied or too irrelevant. Not until recent years have chemists started to discover words such as tribo-chemistry or mechano chemistry and gradually become aware of an indispensable role in this field of polymer tribology. Thus, we were hoping to bring the technology up to date during this SympOSium, especially to the majority of participants, polymer chemists by training.

Friction and Wear of Polymer Composites

Author: Klaus Friedrich
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444597113
Release Date: 2012-12-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Providing a useful summary of current knowledge on the friction and wear properties of composite materials, this book fills the gap between publications on fundamental principles of tribology and those on the friction and wear behavior of metals and polymers. Detailed coverage is given of: the fundamental aspects of tribology in general and polymer composites in particular; the effects of the microstructure of composites on friction and wear behavior under different external loading conditions; and the problem of the control of friction and wear behavior in practical situations. Although emphasis is on polymer composites associated with bearing-type applications, part of the book is also devoted to the friction and wear of metal-based composites and rubber compounds. The data are represented in the form of 277 figures, diagrams and photographs, and 68 tables. The author index covers more than 670 references, and the subject index more than 1,000 keywords. The book will be of particular interest to: those involved in research on some aspects of polymer composites tribology (material scientists, physical chemists, mechanical engineers); those wishing to learn more methods for solving practical friction or wear problems (designers, engineers and technologists in industries, dealing with selection, reprocessing and application of polymer engineering materials); and teachers and students at universities.

Principles and Applications of Tribology

Author: Desmond F. Moore
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483157283
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Principles and Applications of Tribology provides a mechanical engineering perspective of the fundamental understanding and applications of tribology. This book is organized into two parts encompassing 16 chapters that cover the principles of friction and different types of lubrication. Chapter 1 deals with the immense scope of tribology and the range of applications in the existing technology, and Chapter 2 is devoted entirely to the evaluation and measurement of surface texture. Chapters 3 to 5 present the fundamental concepts underlying the friction of metals, elastomers, and other materials. The principles of hydrodynamic lubrication are briefly discussed in Chapter 6, and the mechanisms of boundary and elastohydrodynamic lubrication are examined in Chapters 7 and 8. Chapter 9 is a generalized treatise on wear and abrasion phenomena in metals and elastomers, whereas Chapter 10 deals with the internal friction in solids, liquids, and gases. Chapter 11 is an abbreviated yet thorough treatment of experimental methods used in tribological studies. The remaining five chapters in this book are devoted to specific applications, including manufacturing processes, automotive applications, transportation, locomotion, bearing design, and miscellaneous. This book is an ideal source for mechanical engineering students.

Contact Mechanics and Friction

Author: Valentin L. Popov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783662530818
Release Date: 2017-03-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This application-oriented book introduces readers to the associations and relationships between contact mechanics and friction, providing them with a deeper understanding of tribology. It addresses the related phenomena of contacts, adhesion, capillary forces, friction, lubrication, and wear from a consistent point of view. The author presents (1) methods for rough estimates of tribological quantities, (2) simple and general methods for analytical calculations, and (3) the crossover into numerical simulation methods, the goal being to convey a consistent view of tribological processes at various scales of magnitude (from nanotribology to earthquake research). The book also explores the system dynamic aspects of tribological systems, such as squeal and its suppression, as well as other types of instabilities and spatial patterns. It includes problems and worked-out solutions for the respective chapters, giving readers ample opportunity to apply the theory to practical situations and to deepen their understanding of the material discussed. The second edition has been extended with a more detailed exposition of elastohydrodynamic lubrication, an updated chapter on numerical simulation methods in contact mechanics, a new section on fretting in the chapter on wear, as well as numerous new exercises and examples, which help to make the book an excellent reference guide.

Friction Wear and Erosion Atlas

Author: Kenneth G. Budinski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781466587274
Release Date: 2013-11-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Friction, wear, and erosion are major issues in mechanical engineering and materials science, resulting in major costs to businesses operating in the automotive, biomedical, petroleum/oil/gas, and structural engineering industries. The good news is, by understanding what friction, wear, or erosion mode predominates in a mechanism or device, you can take action to prevent its costly failure. Seeing Is Believing Containing nearly 300 photos of component failures, macro- and micrographs of surface damage, and schematics on material removal mechanisms collected over 50 years of tribology consulting and research, Friction, Wear, and Erosion Atlas is a must-have quick reference for tribology professionals and laymen alike. Complete with detailed explanations of every friction, wear, and erosion process, the atlas’ catalog of images is supported by a wealth of practical guidance on: Diagnosing the specific causes of part failure Identifying popular modes of wear, including rolling and impact, with a special emphasis on adhesion and abrasion Understanding manifestations of friction, such as force traces from a laboratory test rig for a variety of test couples Recognizing liquid droplet, solid particle, slurry, equal impingement, and cavitation modes of erosion Developing solutions to process-limiting problems Featuring a glossary of tribology terms and definitions, as well as hundreds of visual representations, Friction, Wear, and Erosion Atlas is both user friendly and useful. It not only raises awareness of the importance of tribology, but provides guidance for how designers can proactively mitigate tribology concerns.

Advances in Elastomers II

Author: P. M. Visakh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642209284
Release Date: 2013-04-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This is the second volume of a two-volume work which summarizes in an edited format and in a fairly comprehensive manner many of the recent technical research accomplishments in the area of Elastomers. “Advances in Elastomers” discusses the various attempts reported on solving these problems from the point of view of the chemistry and the structure of elastomers, highlighting the drawbacks and advantages of each method. It summarize the importance of elastomers and their multiphase systems in human life and industry, and covers all the topics related to recent advances in elastomers, their blends, IPNs, composites and nanocomposites. This second volume is deals with composites and nanocomposites of elastomers.

Wear

Author: Gwidon W. Stachowiak
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470017012
Release Date: 2006-08-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Tribology is emerging from the realm of steam engines and crank-case lubricants and becoming key to vital new technologies such as nanotechnology and MEMS. Wear is an integral part of tribology, and an effective understanding and appreciation of wear is essential in order to achieve the reliable and efficient operation of almost any machine or device. Knowledge in the field has increased considerably over recent years, and continues to expand: this book is intended to stimulate its readers to contribute towards the progress of this fascinating subject that relates to most of the known disciplines in physical science. Wear – Materials, Mechanisms and Practice provides the reader with a unique insight into our current understanding of wear, based on the contributions of numerous internationally acclaimed specialists in the field. Offers a comprehensive review of current knowledge in the field of wear. Discusses latest topics in wear mechanism classification. Includes coverage of a wide variety of materials such as metals, polymers, polymer composites, diamonds, and diamond-like films and ceramics. Discusses the chemo-mechanical linkages that control tribology, providing a more complete treatment of the subject than just the conventional mechanical treatments. Illustrated throughout with carefully compiled diagrams that provide a unique insight into the controlling mechanisms of tribology. The state of the art research on wear and the mechanisms of wear featured will be of interest to post-graduate students and lecturers in engineering, materials science and chemistry. The practical applications discussed will appeal to practitioners across virtually all sectors of engineering and industry including electronic, mechanical and electrical, quality and reliability and design.

Fundamentals of Friction and Wear

Author: Enrico Gnecco
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540368076
Release Date: 2007-05-26
Genre: Science

Readers of this book will become familiar with the concepts and techniques of nanotribology, explained by an international team of scientists and engineers, actively involved and with long experience in this field. Edited by two pioneers in the field, the book is suitable both as a first introduction to this fascinating subject, and also as a reference for researchers wishing to improve their knowledge of nanotribology.

Friction and wear

Author: A. D. Sarkar
Publisher: Academic Pr
ISBN: UOM:39015047359669
Release Date: 1980
Genre: Technology & Engineering


Fatigue and Tribological Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

Author: PDL Staff
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 9780815517122
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

For all practical purposes, the useful life of a plastic component is equal to its fatigue life under conditions of cyclic loading such as those that occur in vibration. Equally important to materials engineers and designers are abrasion, friction and wearùtribological properties. Over 80 generic families are covered including thermoplastics, thermosets, thermoplastic elastomers and rubbers. Neat resins, blends and alloys, plastics with various combinations of fillers, additives and more are covered. Also covers plastics mated to plastics and metals.

Handbook of Friction Materials and their Applications

Author: Roberto C Dante
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9780081006207
Release Date: 2015-11-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering

In the past few decades, friction material engineering has become more sophisticated with many tests and techniques to investigate the properties of the materials and their counterparts before, during and after friction occurred. There has not been too much information available on the different raw materials used for friction materials. This book is more focused towards the raw materials that formulate the different friction materials. It explains about their main friction effects and material structure. Handbook of Friction Materials and Their Applications begins by explaining about different friction materials and how they can be used for brakes. It then goes onto explain the tribology of friction materials. Further out it discusses how different friction materials are formulated and produced. Noise and vibration are explained in a further chapter. The later part talks about how different raw materials can be used for friction materials, such as metals, carbon, organic and inorganic materials. Explains how different friction materials can be used for brakes Discusses the noise and vibration effects in friction materials Covers the raw materials that are used in friction materials