Evolution Human Behaviour and Morality

Author: Olli Lagerspetz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317138211
Release Date: 2016-08-12
Genre: Social Science

This book highlights the recent re-emergence of Edward Westermarck's work in modern approaches to morality and altruism, examining his importance as one of the founding fathers of anthropology and as a moral relativist, who identified our moral feelings with biologically-evolved retributive emotions. Questioning the extent to which current debates on the relationship between biology and morality are similar to those in which Westermarck himself was involved, the authors ask what can be learnt from his arguments and from the criticism that he encountered. Drawing on Westermarck's manuscripts and papers as well as his published work, the authors show the importance of situating debates, whether modern or classical, in their correct methodological and philosophical context. This volume is a rigorous assessment of the ways in which morality is connected with human biological nature. It plays close attention to the development of debates in this field and will appeal to scholars of sociology, anthropology and philosophy.

An Anthropology of the Enlightenment

Author: Nigel Rapport
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781350086623
Release Date: 2018-12-27
Genre: Social Science

In a time of intellectual uncertainty, the question of how we know what we do about human lives becomes ever more pressing. The essays collated in this volume argue that anthropology can be used to acknowledge, explore and interpret divergence and ideological conflict over human meaning. Using questions raised as part of the Enlightenment movement, this volume is structured around some of the key themes the Enlightenment fostered, including human nature, time, Earth and the Cosmos, beauty, order, harmony and design, moral sentiments, and the query of whether wealthy nations make for healthy publics. The volume focuses in particular on how 'moral sentiment' offered a guiding idea in Enlightenment thought. The idea of 'moral sentiment' is central to the essays' grappling with the ethical anxieties of contemporary anthropology. The essays therefore trace historical connections and fissures and focus on Adam Smith's attempts toward an understanding of what would later be called 'modernity'. With an afterword from Marilyn Strathern, this volume will be a strong addition to the Association of Social Anthropologists conference proceedings.

Historicizing Theories Identities and Nations

Author: Regna Darnell
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9781496201959
Release Date: 2017-10
Genre: Social Science

The Histories of Anthropology Annual presents diverse perspectives on the discipline’s history within a global context, with a goal of increasing awareness and use of historical approaches in teaching, learning, and conducting anthropology. The series includes critical, comparative, analytical, and narrative studies involving all aspects and subfields of anthropology. Volume 11, Historicizing Theories, Identities, and Nations, examines the work and influence of scholars, including Franz Boas, Ruth Benedict, John Dewey, Randolph Bourne, A. Irving Hallowell, and Edward Westermarck, and anthropological practices and theories in Vietnam and Ukraine as well as the United States. Contributions also focus on the influence of Western thought and practice on anthropological traditions, as well as issues of relativism, physical anthropology, language, epistemology, ethnography, and social synergy.

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

Author: Didier Fassin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118290583
Release Date: 2012-08-06
Genre: Social Science

A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics

Brothers

Author: Guy Lanoue
Publisher: Berg Publishers
ISBN: UOM:39015025264659
Release Date: 1992-05-11
Genre: Social Science

A provocative analysis of a nativist movement. The creation of a huge artificial lake in western Canada led to the flooding of prime hunting and trapping territory of the Sekani Indians thus depriving them of their traditional occupations and livelihood. This caused considerable social distress resulting in a drastic increase of alcohol consumption and violence and seriously disrupting social relationships. Some Sekani made efforts to create new ties of solidarity through the adoption of Pan-Indianism however this ideology did not proveeffective. The author concludes that their lack of unity stemmed from the same factionalism which characterized their personal relationships.

Mating and Marriage

Author: Vernon Reynolds
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: UOM:39015019662488
Release Date: 1991
Genre: Family & Relationships

Perspectives from the fields of zoology, biological anthropology, social anthropology, and sociology frame the discussion in this fascinating new study of mating and marriage. Both animals and humans engage in mating; however, only humans marry each other. Is marriage an outgrowth at the cultural level of the kinds of mating habits observed in animals, or is it inherently different? This thoughtful volume presents stimulating, new interdisciplinary approaches to this study, indicates the main problems, and explores promising possibilities for a synthesis.

Journal

Author: Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland
Publisher:
ISBN: UCLA:31158006647340
Release Date: 1899
Genre: Anthropology