„We wish to suggest a structure for the salt of deoxyribose nucleic acid (D.N.A.). This structure has novel features which are of considerable biological interest“, so lauten die ersten Sätze des berühmten Artikels aus dem Jahr 1953, in dem Francis Crick und James Watson eine Doppelhelix-Struktur für die DNA vorschlugen. Diesen bahnbrechenden Vorschlag hatten sie in enger Verzahnung mit – und nicht immer legitimer Nutzung von – den Arbeiten von Maurice Wilkins und, vor allem, Rosalind Franklin entwickelt. In dem Buch werden die vier entscheidenden Aufsätze dieser Akteure gesammelt reproduziert, gemeinsam mit zwei wichtigen Vorläufer-Arbeiten (Avery, McLeod & McCarty 1944; Hershey & Chase 1952), die den Weg zu der Entdeckung bahnten. Den Originalpublikationen wird eine allgemeinverständliche Einleitung vorangestellt, in der die Geschichte dieser Entdeckung nachgezeichnet und in den historischen Kontext eingeordnet wird.
"In his third lecture Crick anticipates events and trends that have in fact come to pass in the past four decades, including the increasing use of computer technology and robotics in mind-brain research, explorations into right-side versus left-side uses of the brain, and controversies surrounding the existence of the soul."--BOOK JACKET.
Author: Julie Des Jardins
Publisher: The Feminist Press at CUNY
Release Date: 2010-03-01
Genre: Biography & Autobiography
The historian and author of Lillian Gilbreth examines the “Great Man” myth of science with profiles of women scientists from Marie Curie to Jane Goodall. Why is science still considered to be predominantly male profession? In The Madame Curie Complex, Julie Des Jardin dismantles the myth of the lone male genius, reframing the history of science with revelations about women’s substantial contributions to the field. She explores the lives of some of the most famous female scientists, including Jane Goodall, the eminent primatologist; Rosalind Franklin, the chemist whose work anticipated the discovery of DNA’s structure; Rosalyn Yalow, the Nobel Prize-winning physicist; and, of course, Marie Curie, the Nobel Prize-winning pioneer whose towering, mythical status has both empowered and stigmatized future generations of women considering a life in science. With lively anecdotes and vivid detail, The Madame Curie Complex reveals how women scientists have changed the course of science—and the role of the scientist—throughout the twentieth century. They often asked different questions, used different methods, and came up with different, groundbreaking explanations for phenomena in the natural world.
Der Rückblick auf 100 Jahre Genetik ergibt eine faszinierende Geschichte, die in diesem Buch leicht und gut verständlich erzählt wird. Genforschung, Genetik in Landwirtschaft und Medizin sind viel verwendete Wörter in öffentlichen Debatten. Dabei ist nicht jedem bekannt, dass Genetik eine junge Wissenschaft ist, gerade einmal hundert Jahre alt. Der zentrale Begriff des Gens hat ständig neue Bedeutungen erhalten, oft befrachtet mit Ungenauigkeiten, wenn man an die Irrwege der Eugenik und an die Diskussion um die Vererbbarkeit von Intelligenz denkt.
"To the untrained eye, Photo 51 was simply a grainy black and white image of dark marks scattered in a rough cross shape. But to the eye of a trained scientist, it was a clear portrait of a DNA fiber taken with X-rays. And to young scientists James Watson and Francis Crick, it confirmed their guess of deoxyribonucleic acid's structure. In 1953 the pair was racing toward solving the mystery of DNA's structure before other scientists could beat them to it. They and others believed that finding the simple structure of the DNA molecule would answer a great mystery, how do organisms live, grow, develop, and survive, generation after generation? Photo 51 and subsequent models based on the photo would prove to be the key to unlocking the secret of life."--Publisher's website.
Author: Ernest B. Hook
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release Date: 2002-10-02
"In preparing this remarkable book, Ernest Hook persuaded an eminent group of scientists, historians, sociologists and philosophers to focus on the problem: why are some discoveries rejected at a particular time but later seen to be valid? The interaction of these experts did not produce agreement on 'prematurity' in science but something more valuable: a collection of fascinating papers, many of them based on new research and analysis, which sometimes forced the author to revise a previously-held opinion. The book should be enthusiastically welcomed by all readers who are interested in how science works."—Stephen G. Brush, co-author of Physics, The Human Adventure: From copernicus to Einstein and Beyond "Prematurity and Scientific Discovery contains interesting and insightful papers by numerous well-known scientists and scholars. It will be of wide interest, not only to science studies scholars but also to working scientists and to science-literate general readers."—Thomas Nickles, editor of Scientific Discovery, Logic, and Rationality
Author: Bill Bryson
Publisher: Random House
Release Date: 2010-03-02
Bill Bryson describes himself as a reluctant traveller, but even when he stays safely at home he can't contain his curiosity about the world around him. A Short History of Nearly Everything is his quest to understand everything that has happened from the Big Bang to the rise of civilization - how we got from there, being nothing at all, to here, being us. Bill Bryson's challenge is to take subjects that normally bore the pants off most of us, like geology, chemistry and particle physics, and see if there isn't some way to render them comprehensible to people who have never thought they could be interested in science. The ultimate eye-opening journey through time and space, A Short History of Nearly Everything is the biggest-selling popular science book of the 21st century, and reveals the world in a way most of us have never seen it before.
Author: Richard J. Coleman
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Release Date: 2014-10-24
The last sixty years have witnessed a virtual explosion of interest in how modern science and traditional Christianity intersect. This new rapprochement with science has irrevocably altered how we think of God. It constitutes a foundation from which we cannot retreat, but from which we also cannot move forward until we examine the presumptions on which it is based. For the first time, Richard Coleman interprets in a clear and meaningful way the themes and practitioners that make this rapprochement different, and what it has achieved. But this book is more than description--it is an inquiry into whether Christian theology has lost its authentic voice by its singular focus on accommodating modern science.
A rich and vibrant multi-disciplinary anthology that celebrates the finest writing by scientists captures the poetry and excitement of scientific thought and discovery, in pieces by Stephen Pinker, Albert Einstein, Stephen Jay Gould, Julian Huxley, Loren Eiseley, Rachel Carson, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Freeman Dyson, and many other notables.
Author: Thomas Andrew Waigh
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2014-08-08
This full-colour undergraduate textbook, based on a two semestercourse, presents the fundamentals of biological physics,introducing essential modern topics that include cells, polymers,polyelectrolytes, membranes, liquid crystals, phase transitions,self-assembly, photonics, fluid mechanics, motility, chemicalkinetics, enzyme kinetics, systems biology, nerves, physiology, thesenses, and the brain. The comprehensive coverage, featuring in-depth explanations ofrecent rapid developments, demonstrates this to be one of the mostdiverse of modern scientific disciplines. The Physics of Living Processes: A Mesoscopic Approach iscomprised of five principal sections: • Building Blocks • Soft Condensed Matter Techniques in Biology • Experimental Techniques • Systems Biology • Spikes, Brains and the Senses The unique focus is predominantly on the mesoscale —structures on length scales between those of atoms and themacroscopic behaviour of whole organisms. The connections betweenmolecules and their emergent biological phenomena provide a novelintegrated perspective on biological physics, making this animportant text across a variety of scientific disciplines includingbiophysics, physics, physical chemistry, chemical engineering andbioengineering. An extensive set of worked tutorial questions are included,which will equip the reader with a range of new physical tools toapproach problems in the life sciences from medicine,pharmaceutical science and agriculture.