Author: Philipp E. Fischer
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Release Date: 2012-02-08
Intermediate Examination Paper from the year 2010 in the subject Law - Comparative Legal Systems, Comparative Law, grade: befriedigend, Queen Mary University of London (Centre for Commercial Law Studies (CCLS)), course: International Studies in Intellectual Property Law (LL.M.) - End of first term dissertation, language: English, abstract: Rapidly developing technologies are providing new and very powerful means to sort, combine and analyse data. This data exists in a networked environment, thus personal information can be collected and processed on any computer on the Net and is, at least in theory, accessible by every computer on the Net. The development of the Internet has made it possible to transfer this data "around the globe at the click of a mouse". Fresh business models such as "cloud computing", the newest "driver to illustrate the speed and breadth of the environment", allow this data to be processed across national borders on a routine basis. Individuals and companies are "increasingly immersed in social networking, search technologies, online commerce and many other activities in which information about an individual is sent worldwide from one point to another". These activities became more and more borderless, because the Internet, as an open window to the world, blurs the lines between public and private space, firstly since globalisation and the outsourcing of economic actors entrain an ever growing exchange of personal data, additionally because of the security pressure in the name of the legitimate fight against terrorism opens the access to a significant number of data to an increasing number of public authorities and finally this is due the tools of the digital society accompany everyone at each stage of life by leaving permanently individual and borderless traces in both space and time. Therefore, calls of both the public and private sectors for an international legal framework for privacy and data protection have become louder. Privacy Commissioners appealed to the United Nations "to prepare a binding legal instrument which clearly sets out in detail the rights to data protection and privacy as enforceable human right". This appeal was repeated in 2008 at the 30th International Conference held in Strasbourg , and at the 31th conference 2009 in Madrid through the draft of a global legal instrument on Data Protection with a view to submitting it to the United Nations. But also companies such as Google and Facebook have come under continuous pressure from governments and citizens to reform data use of data. Could these calls possibly be best achieved by an international framework for Data Protection, rather than a collection of national or regional approaches?
Author: Noriswadi Ismail
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-02-26
The book deals with data protection issues from practical viewpoints. 40% of the content focus on the Malaysian Personal Data Protection Act (PDPA) 2010 progress, whilst 60% of the content focus on leading comparative practical guidance from Europe. Part of the PDPA provisions is mirrored from European approaches and practices. The approach of this book is straightforward, handy and readable and is supplemented by practical applications, illustrations, tables and diagrams. Practical examples highlighted in this book range from cloud computing, radio frequency identification technology, social media networks and information security to basic related aspects of data protection issues covering strategic leadership, management, governance and audit in businesses, organisations and local authorities. Recommended best practices have been outlined for practical guidance accompanied with future challenges and opportunities for Malaysia and ASEAN. The book is equally suitable for academics, practitioners, governmental officials and regulators dealing with data protection within their sector-specific legislation.
Integrating business law with ethics and effective management, Bagley's MANAGERS AND THE LEGAL ENVIRONMENT: STRATEGIES FOR THE 21ST CENTURY, 8E equips future managers with the legal knowledge and risk management techniques essential for success in global business. Renowned for its cutting-edge coverage and strategic approach, this book offers one of the most comprehensive yet easy-to-understand presentations of today's global legal environment of business. Proven learning features such as Inside Story and Perspective boxes illustrate how the law impacts daily management decisions and business strategies, and A Manager's Dilemma feature challenges readers to consider such issues as whether to outsource labor to a country known for poor working conditions and the ethics of structuring a business to avoid domestic taxes. Fulfilling AACSB requirements, the eighth edition addresses the legal, political, regulatory, and ethical dimensions of business. Reflecting the latest developments and decisions, the text's up-to-date coverage includes the regulation of commercial speech, the disclosure of corporate political spending, the application of the Fourth Amendment to cell phone location data, the patentability of human genes, employees' use of social media, regulatory responses to climate change, the fiduciary duties of managers of limited liability companies, the FCC's proposed rules on net neutrality, the constitutionality of Obamacare, the use of race in college admissions, the Defense of Marriage Act, NSA surveillance programs, the right of college football players to unionize, and more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Privacy-invading technologies (PITs) such as Body scanners; Public space CCTV microphones; Public space CCTV loudspeakers and Human-implantable microchips (RFID implants/GPS implants) are dealt with in this book. The book shows how and why laws that regulate the design and development of privacy-invading technologies (PITs) may more effectively ensure the protection of privacy than laws that only regulate data controllers and the use of such technologies. The premise is supported and demonstrated through a discussion on these four specific PITs as case studies. In doing so, the book overall attempts to explain how laws/regulations that mandate the implementation of Privacy by Design (PBD) could potentially serve as a viable approach for collectively safeguarding privacy, liberty and security in the 21st Century. This book will be of interest to academic researchers, law practitioners, policy makers and technology researchers.
Author: Hossein Bidgoli
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2006-03-10
Genre: Business & Economics
The Handbook of Information Security is a definitive 3-volume handbook that offers coverage of both established and cutting-edge theories and developments on information and computer security. The text contains 180 articles from over 200 leading experts, providing the benchmark resource for information security, network security, information privacy, and information warfare.
This newly revised edition of the Artech House bestseller brings you the most, up-to-date, comprehensive analysis of the current trends in WWW security available, with brand new chapters on authentication and authorization infrastructures, server-side security, and risk management. You also find coverage of entirely new topics such as Microsoft.NET Passport. From HTTP security, firewalls and proxy servers, cryptographic security protocols, electronic payment systems. to public key infrastructures, authentication and authorization infrastructures, and client-side security, the book offers an in-depth understanding of the key technologies and standards used to secure the World Wide Web, Web-based applications, and Web services.
Author: Raymond Wacks
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Release Date: 2015-03-26
Genre: Political Science
Some would argue that scarcely a day passes without a new assault on our privacy. In the wake of the whistle-blower Edward Snowden's revelations about the extent of surveillance conducted by the security services in the United States, Britain, and elsewhere, concerns about individual privacy have significantly increased. The Internet generates risks, unimagined even twenty years ago, to the security and integrity of information in all its forms. The manner in which information is collected, stored, exchanged, and used has changed forever; and with it, the character of the threats to individual privacy. The scale of accessible private data generated by the phenomenal growth of blogs, social media, and other contrivances of our information age pose disturbing threats to our privacy. And the hunger for gossip continues to fuel sensationalist media that frequently degrade the notion of a private domain to which we reasonably lay claim. In the new edition of this Very Short Introduction, Raymond Wacks looks at all aspects of privacy to include numerous recent changes, and considers how this fundamental value might be reconciled with competing interests such as security and freedom of expression. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
The state-centred 'Westphalian model' of international law has failed to protect human rights and other international public goods effectively. Most international trade, financial and environmental agreements do not even refer to human rights, consumer welfare, democratic citizen participation and transnational rule of law for the benefit of citizens. This book argues that these 'multilevel governance failures' are largely due to inadequate regulation of the 'collective action problems' in the supply of international public goods, such as inadequate legal, judicial and democratic accountability of governments vis-a-vis citizens. Rather than treating citizens as mere objects of intergovernmental economic and environmental regulation and leaving multilevel governance of international public goods to discretionary 'foreign policy', human rights and constitutional democracy call for 'civilizing' and 'constitutionalizing' international economic and environmental cooperation by stronger legal and judicial protection of citizens and their constitutional rights in international economic law. Moreover intergovernmental regulation of transnational cooperation among citizens must be justified by 'principles of justice' and 'multilevel constitutional restraints' protecting rights of citizens and their 'public reason'. The reality of 'constitutional pluralism' requires respecting legitimately diverse conceptions of human rights and democratic constitutionalism. The obvious failures in the governance of interrelated trading, financial and environmental systems must be restrained by cosmopolitan, constitutional conceptions of international law protecting the transnational rule of law and participatory democracy for the benefit of citizens.
Author: Alexandra Rengel
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Release Date: 2013-10-04
In Privacy in the 21st Century Alexandra Rengel offers an assessment of the International right to privacy within both a historical and modern context with a focus on the legal aspects of the right, its evolution and its future protection.
Author: Elspeth Guild
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2013-04-25
Genre: Political Science
The 21st century has brought new and challenging dimensions to our understanding of security and migration. The old Cold War framework of security as related to war and peace, international relations and foreign affairs has given way to a multiplicity of competing notions, including internal security, human security and even social security. At the same time, migration has become a hotly contested issue, characterised by an enormous difference of views and objectives. So what do we mean by security and migration in the contemporary world? How do these two important fields intersect? And what does this collision of policy concerns and public interests mean for states and individuals alike? In this cutting-edge book, Elspeth Guild seeks to answer these pressing questions, drawing on a wide range of recent examples from the impact of asylum seekers on state border security to identity security in citizenship rules to illustrate her arguments. By approaching the topic from the perspective of the individual - citizen of one state, migrant in another - the book examines key aspects of the security-migration nexus, such as the relationship with refugees; torture; extraordinary rendition; privacy and the retention of personal data; and human rights' protection. The first volume in Polity's new ‘Dimensions of Security' series, this book is a must-read for all students of international politics, development studies and related fields.