Women and Children as Victims and Offenders Background Prevention Reintegration

Author: Helmut Kury
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319083988
Release Date: 2016-06-01
Genre: Law

This work compiles experiences and lessons learned in meeting the unique needs of women and children regarding crime prevention and criminal justice, in particular the treatment and social reintegration of offenders, and serves a as a cross-disciplinary work for academic and policy-making analyses and follow-up in developing and developed countries. Furthermore, it argues for a more humane and effective approach to countering delinquency and crime among future generations. In a world where development positively depends on the rule of law and the related investment security, two global trends may chart the course of development: urbanization and education. Urbanization will globalize the concepts of “justice” and “fairness”; education will be dominated by the urban mindset and digital service economy, just as a culture of lawfulness will. This work looks at crime prevention education as an investment in the sustainable quality of life of succeeding generations, and at those who pursue such crime prevention as the providers of much-needed skills in the educational portfolio. Adopting a reformist approach, this work collects articles with findings and recommendations that may be relevant to domestic and international policymaking, including the United Nations Studies and their educational value for the welfare of coming generations. The books address the relevant United Nations ideas by combining them with academic approaches. Guided by the Editors’ respective fields of expertise, and in full recognition of academic freedom and “organized scepticism”, it includes contributions by lawyers, criminologists, sociologists and other eminent experts seeking to bridge the gap between academic and policy perspectives, as appropriate, against the international background, including the United Nations developments.​ The first volume opens with a foreword by Marta Santos Pais, the United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children, and a general introduction by the editors. Part I provides an overview of United Nations principles for crime prevention and the treatment of women and children. Part II concentrates on education and the social learning of children and adolescents. The importance of quality education is stressed as is its impact on the behaviour of children of all ages. It also includes a discussion of the factors that still hinder access to good schooling in many parts of the world. Part III presents international research findings on children, juveniles and women both as victims and offenders. Statistics show overwhelmingly that these groups are more often victims than offenders.

Victimology

Author: Jo-Anne M. Wemmers
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9781442634855
Release Date: 2017-05-01
Genre: Social Science

Victimology is a relatively new and emerging interdisciplinary area that crosses the fields of criminology, law, sociology, and justice. Written by one of the world’s leading experts on victimology, this book is designed to offer a broad introduction to the subject. Unlike other texts that are organized around different types of victimization, this book is informed by a victim-centred approach that treats victims’ rights as human rights.

Refugees and Migrants in Law and Policy

Author: Helmut Kury
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319721585
Release Date: 2018-07-19
Genre: Law

Refugees and migration are not a new story in the history of humankind, but in the last few years, against a backdrop of huge numbers of migrants, especially from war-torn countries, they have again been a topic of intensive and contentious discussion in politics, the media and scientific publications. Two United Nations framework declarations on the sustainable development goals and on refugees and migrants adopted in 2016 have prompted the editors – who have a background in international criminology – to invite 60 contributors from different countries to contribute their expertise on civic education aspects of the refugee and migrant crisis in the Global North and South. Comprising 35 articles, this book presents an overview of the interdisciplinary issues involved in irregular migration around the world. It is intended for educationists, educators, diplomats, those working in mass media, decision-makers, criminologists and other specialists faced with questions involving refugees and migrants as well as those interested in improving the prospects of orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration in the context of promoting peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development. Rather than a timeline for migration policies based on “now”, with states focusing on “stopping migration now”, “sending back migrants now” or “bringing in technicians or low-skilled migrant workers now”, there should be a long-term strategy for multicultural integration and economic assimilation. This book, prefaced by François Crépeau, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, and William Lacy Swing, Director-General of the International Organization for Migration, addresses the question of the rights and responsibilities involved in migration from the academic and practical perspectives of experts in the field of social sciences and welfare, and charts the way forward to 2030 and beyond, and also beyond the paradigm of political correctness.

Author: 孔庆江
Publisher: 清華大學出版社
ISBN: 9787302456834
Release Date: 2018-02-07
Genre: Law


Rethinking Corrections

Author: Lior Gideon
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781412970181
Release Date: 2010-01-29
Genre: Social Science

This text explores the challenges that convicted offenders face over the course of the rehabilitation, reentry, and reintegration process. Using an integrated, theoretical approach, each chapter is devoted to a corrections topic and incorporates original evidence-based concepts, research, and policy from experts in the field, and examines how correctional practices are being managed. Students are exposed to examples of both the successful attempts and the failures to reintegrate prisoners into the community, and they will be encouraged to consider how they can help influence future policy decisions as practitioners in the field.

Victims Crime and Society

Author: Pamela Davies
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781473910911
Release Date: 2017-04-13
Genre: Social Science

This book provides a thorough account of victimisation across the social spectrum of class, race, age and gender. The second edition has been fully revised and expanded, with two parts now spanning the key perspectives and issues in victimology. Covering theoretical, social and political contexts, the book: Includes new chapters on defining and constructing victims, fear and vulnerability, sexuality, white collar crime and the implications of crime policy on victims Examines a global range of historical and theoretical perspectives in victimology and features a new chapter on researching victims of crime Reinforces your learning through critical thinking sections, future research suggestions, chapter summaries and a glossary of key terms Now includes a companion website, complete with links to relevant journal articles in victimology. Victims, Crime and Society is the essential text for your studies in victimology across criminology, criminal justice, community safety, youth justice and related areas.

Krise Kriminalit t Kriminologie

Author: Frank Neubacher
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 9783942865654
Release Date: 2016-06-24
Genre: Social Science

An der Universität zu Köln fand vom 24.-26. September 2015 die Jahrestagung der Kriminologischen Gesellschaft, der wissenschaftlichen Vereinigung deutscher, österreichischer und schweizerischer Kriminologinnen und Kriminologen, statt. Sie befasste sich mit internationalen und gesamtgesellschaftlichen Krisen- bzw. Kriminalitätserscheinungen. Der vorliegende Band dokumentiert einen Großteil der Vorträge, nämlich insgesamt mehr als 40. Dabei geht es schwerpunktmäßig um folgende Themenbereiche: Genozid und Staatsverbrechen / Migration und Kriminalität / Staatliche Überwachung / Wirtschaftskriminalität und Korruption / Cyberkriminalität / Krise der Kriminologie / statistische Daten in der Kriminologie / Strafverfahren und Sanktionspraxis / Jugenddelinquenz, Jugendstrafvollzug und Jugendarrest / Justizvollzug zwischen Behandlung, Disziplinierung und Resozialisierung / Übergänge aus Haft in Freiheit / Gewaltverbrechen.

Understanding Violence Against Women

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309175836
Release Date: 1996-06-07
Genre: Social Science

Violence against women is one factor in the growing wave of alarm about violence in American society. High-profile cases such as the O.J. Simpson trial call attention to the thousands of lesser-known but no less tragic situations in which women's lives are shattered by beatings or sexual assault. The search for solutions has highlighted not only what we know about violence against women but also what we do not know. How can we achieve the best understanding of this problem and its complex ramifications? What research efforts will yield the greatest benefit? What are the questions that must be answered? Understanding Violence Against Women presents a comprehensive overview of current knowledge and identifies four areas with the greatest potential return from a research investment by increasing the understanding of and responding to domestic violence and rape: What interventions are designed to do, whom they are reaching, and how to reach the many victims who do not seek help. Factors that put people at risk of violence and that precipitate violence, including characteristics of offenders. The scope of domestic violence and sexual assault in America and its conequences to individuals, families, and society, including costs. How to structure the study of violence against women to yield more useful knowledge. Despite the news coverage and talk shows, the real fundamental nature of violence against women remains unexplored and often misunderstood. Understanding Violence Against Women provides direction for increasing knowledge that can help ameliorate this national problem.

Women and Girls in the Criminal Justice System

Author: Russell Immarigeon
Publisher: Civic Research Institute, Inc.
ISBN: 9781887554527
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Social Science

For many years, sentenced women were ignored or neglected, locked up in male surroundings, or lost among caseloads of men. Today, however, there are systemic approaches and interventions designed especially to meet the needs of this population. Women and Girls in the Criminal Justice System provides essential practice guidance for professionals who deal with the problems of female offenders--criminal justice policymakers; correctional administrators; probation and parole officials; ATI program administrators; vocational program agency heads, social workers; mental health clinician; judges. This authoritative guide from the editor of Women, Girls & Criminal Justice distills the best thinking of leading practitioners and researchers--all in a convenient single resource that puts a wealth of information within easy reach.--Publisher description.

The Little Book of Restorative Justice

Author: Howard Zehr
Publisher: Good Books
ISBN: 1561488232
Release Date: 2014-03-04
Genre: Law

The seminal work on Restorative Justice by one of the founders of the movement, now fully revised and updated. In a time of bitter differences and deep division, how should we as a society respond to wrongdoing? When a crime occurs or an injustice is done, what needs to happen? What does justice require? Howard Zehr is the father of Restorative Justice and is known worldwide for his pioneering work in transforming understandings of justice. Here he proposes workable Principles and Practices for making Restorative Justice possible in this revised and updated edition of his bestselling, seminal book on the movement. Our legal system’s approach to justice has some important strengths, but also some deep failings. Victims, offenders, and community members often feel that justice does not adequately meet their needs. Justice professionals—judges, lawyers, prosecutors, probation and parole officers, prison staff—are frustrated with the system’s shortcomings, too. Many feel that the process of justice deepens the wounds and conflicts in our society rather than bringing healing and peace. Restorative Justice, with its emphasis on identifying the justice needs of everyone involved in a crime, is a worldwide movement of growing influence that is helping victims and communities heal, while holding criminals accountable for their actions. This is not a soft-on-crime, feel-good philosophy, but rather a concrete effort to bring justice and healing to everyone involved in a crime. In The Little Book of Restorative Justice, Zehr first explores how restorative justice is different from criminal justice. Then, before letting those appealing observations drift out of reach into theoretical space, Zehr presents Restorative Justice Practices. Zehr undertakes a massive and complex subject and puts it in graspable form, without reducing or trivializing it. This is a handbook, a vehicle for moving our society toward healing and wholeness. This is a sourcebook, a starting point for handling brokenness with hard work and hope. This resource is also suitable for academic classes and workshops, for conferences and trainings, as well as for the layperson interested in understanding this innovative and influential movement.

Women Crime and Criminal Justice

Author: Rosemary L Barberet
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135005740
Release Date: 2014-04-16
Genre: Social Science

Women, Crime and Criminal Justice is the winner of the Division of International Criminology’s Distinguished Book Award 2014 and the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences International Section's 2015 Outstanding Book Award and the first fully internationalised book to focus on women as offenders, victims and justice professionals. It provides background, as well as specialized information that allows readers to comprehend the global forces that shape women and crime; analyze different types of violence against women (in peacetime and in armed conflict); and grasp the challenges faced by women in justice professions such as the police, the judiciary and international peacekeeping. Provocative, highly topical, engaging and written by an expert in the field, this book examines the role of women in crime and criminal justice internationally. Topics covered include: the role of globalization and development in patterns of female offending and victimization, how a human rights framework can help explain women ́s crime, victimization and the criminal justice response, global women’s activism, international perspectives on violence against women, including femicide, violence in conflict and post conflict settings, sex work and sex trafficking, women’s access to justice, as well as the increased role of women in international criminal justice settings. This book will be essential reading for those involved in the study of development, human rights, governance, security sector reform, international relations and public health, as debates about these subjects are intrinsically linked to the issues surrounding women, crime and justice. It will also be useful for students taking courses on gender, crime and criminal justice, violence against women, international criminal justice and gender studies.

Water Policy in Chile

Author: Guillermo Donoso
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319767024
Release Date: 2018-04-27
Genre: Law

This book offers a detailed examination of the main sources of Chile’s water, its principle consumers, the gap between supply and demand, hydrological droughts, and future projected impacts of climate change. It describes, analyzes and evaluates the performance of water policies, laws and institutions, identifies the main challenges that Chile needs to face and derives lessons learnt from Chile’s reform experience. Expert contributors discuss such topics as Chile’s water policy, and the reasoning which explains its policy reform. The book presents and evaluates the performance of the legal and institutional framework of water resources. It also describes efforts to meet actual demands for water by augmenting supplies with groundwater management, waste water re-use and desalination and improve the state of water ecosystems. The last chapter presents the editor’s assessment and conclusions. The case of Chile is illustrative of a transition from command and control to market based management policies, where economic incentives play a significant role in water management.

Reforming Water Law and Governance

Author: Cameron Holley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811089770
Release Date: 2018-04-27
Genre: Law

This book identifies the most effective water policy tools and innovations, and the circumstances that foster their successful implementation by taking a comparative look at a world-leading ‘laboratory’ of water law and governance: Australia. In particular, the book analyses Australia’s 20-year experience implementing a hybrid governance system of markets, hierarchical regulation, and collaborative integrated water planning. Australia is acknowledged as a world leader in water governance reform, and an examination of its relatively mature water law and governance system has great significance for many international academics and jurisdictions. This book synthesises practical lessons and theoretical insights from Australia, as well as recommendations from comparative analysis with countries such as the United States to provide useful guidance for policymakers and scholars seeking to apply water instruments in a wide range of policy contexts. The book also advances our understanding of water and broader environmental governance theory and is a valuable reference for scholars, researchers and students working in law, regulation and governance studies – especially in the field of water and environmental law.

Crime and Punishment in America

Author: Elliott Currie
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9781250024213
Release Date: 2013-03-26
Genre: Political Science

An acclaimed criminologist examines America's ongoing war against violent crime, arguing that ever-increasing rates of imprisonment have not reduced--and will not reduce--crime rates and offering a range of tested alternatives based on deterrence. Tour.