Women in the Chinese Enlightenment

Author: Zheng Wang
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520213505
Release Date: 1999
Genre: History

"Rarely does a reviewer or publisher encounter a milestone: this is it. It is the first major study of the development of Chinese feminism in what is arguably the most formative period in the history of modern China. In its women-centered approach, the book challenges the official women's history authored by the Chinese Communist Party and long accepted by Euro-American scholars. This book will set the agenda for future scholars researching the relationship between feminism and nationalism in China."--Dorothy Ko, author of "Teachers of the Inner Chambers"

Women in the Chinese Enlightenment

Author: Wang Zheng
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520922921
Release Date: 1999-07-05
Genre: Social Science

Centering on five life stories by Chinese women activists born just after the turn of this century, this first history of Chinese May Fourth feminism disrupts the Chinese Communist Party's master narrative of Chinese women's liberation, reconfigures the history of the Chinese Enlightenment from a gender perspective, and addresses the question of how feminism engendered social change cross-culturally. In this multilayered book, the first-person narratives are complemented by a history of the discursive process and the author's sophisticated intertextual readings. Together, the parts form a fascinating historical portrait of how educated Chinese men and women actively deployed and appropriated ideologies from the West in their pursuit of national salvation and self-emancipation. As Wang demonstrates, feminism was embraced by men as instrumental to China's modernity and by women as pointing to a new way of life.

Women in the Chinese Enlightenment

Author: Zheng Wang
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520218741
Release Date: 1999-07-05
Genre: History

"Rarely does a reviewer or publisher encounter a milestone: this is it. It is the first major study of the development of Chinese feminism in what is arguably the most formative period in the history of modern China. In its women-centered approach, the book challenges the official women's history authored by the Chinese Communist Party and long accepted by Euro-American scholars. This book will set the agenda for future scholars researching the relationship between feminism and nationalism in China."—Dorothy Ko, author of Teachers of the Inner Chambers

The Question of Women in Chinese Feminism

Author: Tani E. Barlow
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822385394
Release Date: 2004-03-04
Genre: Social Science

The Question of Women in Chinese Feminism is a history of thinking about the subject of women in twentieth-century China. Tani E. Barlow illustrates the theories and conceptual categories that Enlightenment Chinese intellectuals have developed to describe the collectivity of women. Demonstrating how generations of these theorists have engaged with international debates over eugenics, gender, sexuality, and the psyche, Barlow argues that as an Enlightenment project, feminist debate in China is at once Chinese and international. She reads social theory, psychoanalytic thought, literary criticism, ethics, and revolutionary political ideologies to illustrate the range and scope of Chinese feminist theory’s preoccupation with the problem of gender inequality. She reveals how, throughout the cataclysms of colonial modernity, revolutionary modernization, and market socialism, prominent Chinese feminists have gathered up the remainders of the past and formed them into social and ethical arguments, categories, and political positions, ceaselessly reshaping progressive Enlightenment sexual liberation theory.

Women in Republican China A Sourcebook

Author: Hua R. Lan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317325215
Release Date: 2015-08-12
Genre: Social Science

Exploring one of the most dynamic and contested regions of the world, this series includes works on political, economic, cultural, and social changes in modern and contemporary Asia and the Pacific.

Some of Us

Author: Xueping Zhong
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813529697
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

Memoirs of women who came of age during the Mao era.

Teachers of the Inner Chambers

Author: Dorothy Ko
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804723591
Release Date: 1994
Genre: History

This pathbreaking work argues that literate gentry women in 17th-century Jiangnan, far from being oppressed or silenced, created a rich culture and meaningful existence within the constraints of the Confucian system. Momentous socioeconomic and intellectual changes in 17th-century Jiangnan provided the stimulus for the flowering of women's culture. The most salient of these changes included a flourishing of commercial publishing, the rise of a reading public, a new emphasis on emotions, the promotion of women's education, and, more generally, the emergence of new definitions of womanhood. The author reconstructs the social, emotional and intellectual worlds of 17th-century women, and in doing so provides a new way to conceptualize China's past, one offering a more realistic and complete understanding of the values of Chinese culture and the functioning of Chinese society.

Finding Women in the State

Author: Wang Zheng
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520965867
Release Date: 2016-11-01
Genre: History

Finding Women in the State is a provocative hidden history of socialist state feminists maneuvering behind the scenes at the core of the Chinese Communist Party. These women worked to advance gender and class equality in the early People’s Republic and fought to transform sexist norms and practices, all while facing fierce opposition from a male-dominated CCP leadership from the Party Central to the local government. Wang Zheng extends this investigation to the cultural realm, showing how feminists within China’s film industry were working to actively create new cinematic heroines, and how they continued a New Culture anti-patriarchy heritage in socialist film production. This book illuminates not only the different visions of revolutionary transformation but also the dense entanglements among those in the top echelon of the party. Wang discusses the causes for failure of China’s socialist revolution and raises fundamental questions about male dominance in social movements that aim to pursue social justice and equality. This is the first book engendering the PRC high politics and has important theoretical and methodological implications for scholars and students working in gender studies as well as China studies.

Modern Women in China and Japan

Author: Katrina Gulliver
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9780857721358
Release Date: 2012-02-21
Genre: History

At the dawn of the 1930s a new empowered and liberated image of the female was taking root in popular culture in the West. This ‘modern woman’ archetype was also penetrating into Eastern cultures, challenging the Chinese and Japanese historical norm of the woman as homemaker, servant or geisha. Katrina Gulliver explores the creation of this disputed figure in China and Japan. Beginning with an exposition on the work of Pearl S. Buck, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for her best-selling novel Good Earth set in a quasi-mythical rural China, this study unravels the close interplay between Chinese, Japanese and Western gender stereotypes._x000D_ _x000D_ While nominally the result of changing attitudes towards traditional gender roles, the modern woman was also a symbol of a new type of nationalism in the Far East, one which encompassed a threatening ‘Western’ modernity. Through the writings of eight indigenous and ‘foreign’ authors Gulliver analyses discourses of feminism, modernity and ‘otherness’ in the context of social and political change in the Pacific Region. By placing the women discussed within their contested contextual space, Gulliver is able to analytically dissect the contradictions and dichotomies at the heart of the ‘modern woman’ discourse in China, Japan and the West, as well as the relationships between social, gender-specific and historical trends._x000D_ _x000D_ This volume includes close textual readings of the work of Pearl S. Buck, Sophia Chen Zen and Uno Chiyo amongst others, as well as perceptive analyses of the fashion, music and popular culture of the twenties and thirties in China and the Far East. The Modern Woman in China and Japan will appeal to historians and scholars of gender, as well as those studying Asian and American literature.

Women in Early Imperial China

Author: Bret Hinsch
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 0742568245
Release Date: 2010-08-16
Genre: History

After a long spell of chaos, the Qin and Han dynasties (221 BCE–220 CE) saw the unification of the Chinese Empire under a single ruler, government, and code of law. During this era, changing social and political institutions affected the ways people conceived of womanhood. New ideals were promulgated, and women's lives gradually altered to conform to them. And under the new political system, the rulers' consorts and their families obtained powerful roles that allowed women unprecedented influence in the highest level of government. Recognized as the leading work in the field, this introductory survey offers the first sustained history of women in the early imperial era. Now in a revised edition that incorporates the latest scholarship and theoretical approaches, the book draws on extensive primary and secondary sources in Chinese and Japanese to paint a remarkably detailed picture of the distant past. Bret Hinsch's introductory chapters orient the nonspecialist to early imperial Chinese society; subsequent chapters discuss women's roles from the multiple perspectives of kinship, wealth and work, law, government, learning, ritual, and cosmology. An enhanced array of line drawings, a Chinese-character glossary, and extensive notes and bibliography enhance the author's discussion. Historians and students of gender and early China alike will find this book an invaluable overview.

The Chinese Enlightenment

Author: Vera Schwarcz
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520050274
Release Date: 1986
Genre: History

It is widely accepted, both inside China and in the West, that contemporary Chinese history begins with the May Fourth Movement. Vera Schwarcz's imaginative new study provides China scholars and historians with an analysis of what makes that event a turning point in the intellectual, spiritual, cultural and political life of twentieth-century China.

Engendering the Chinese Revolution

Author: Christina Kelley Gilmartin
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520917200
Release Date: 1995-11-01
Genre: History

Christina Kelley Gilmartin rewrites the history of gender politics in the 1920s with this compelling assessment of the impact of feminist ideals on the Chinese Communist Party during its formative years. For the first time, Gilmartin reveals the extent to which revolutionaries in the 1920s were committed to women's emancipation and the radical political efforts that were made to overcome women's subordination and to transform gender relations. Women activists whose experiences and achievements have been previously ignored are brought to life in this study, which illustrates how the Party functioned not only as a political organization but as a subculture for women as well. We learn about the intersection of the personal and political lives of male communists and how this affected their beliefs about women's emancipation. Gilmartin depicts with thorough and incisive scholarship how the Party formulated an ideological challenge to traditional gender relations while it also preserved aspects of those relationships in its organization.

China in Early Enlightenment Political Thought

Author: Simon Kow
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781317611219
Release Date: 2016-08-25
Genre: Social Science

China in Early Enlightenment Political Thought examines the ideas of China in the works of three major thinkers in the early European Enlightenment of the late seventeenth to early eighteenth centuries: Pierre Bayle, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, and the Baron de Montesquieu. Unlike surveys which provide only cursory overviews of Enlightenment views of China, or individual studies of each thinker which tend to address their conceptions of China in individual chapters, this is the first book to provide in-depth comparative analyses of these seminal Enlightenment thinkers that specifically link their views on China to their political concerns. Against the backdrop especially of the Jesuit accounts of China which these philosophers read, Bayle, Leibniz, and Montesquieu interpreted imperial China in three radically divergent ways: as a tolerant, atheistic monarchy; as an exemplar of human and divine justice; and as an exceptional but nonetheless corrupt despotic state. The book thus shows how the development of political thought in the early Enlightenment was closely linked to the question of China as a positive or negative model for Europe, and argues that revisiting Bayle’s approach to China is a salutary corrective to the errors and presumptions in the thought of Leibniz and Montesquieu. The book also discusses how Chinese reformers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries drew on Enlightenment writers’ different views of China as they sought to envisage how China should be remodeled.

Cinderella s Sisters

Author: Dorothy Ko
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520253902
Release Date: 2007-12-17
Genre: History

Footbinding is widely condemned as perverse & as symbolic of male domination over women. This study offers a more complex explanation of a thousand year practice, contending that the binding of women's feet in China was sustained by the interests of both women and men.