This dissertation investigates the dominant ways that three women artists---Ethel Schwabacher, Elaine de Kooning, and Grace Hartigan---struggled to define their social and artistic identity in relation to (and sometimes in contradistinction from) Abstract Expressionism and the contemporary Modern Woman ideals of the 1950s. The postwar Modern Woman embodied various roles by assuming new professional and financial responsibilities, identifying with broader sexual behaviors, and either managing or completely rejecting marriage and motherhood. Chapter One presents the subject of the Modern Woman and the tensions of "feminine ascendancy" through women's identification with multiple roles during and after World War II, and through the appearance of women's adoption of masculine behavior. I argue that the contemporary fears of feminine ascendancy and masculine attributions parallel the criticism and challenges for women artists in the patriarchal arena of Abstract Expressionism.
Author: Michael Leja
Publisher: Yale University Press
Release Date: 1997
A study of abstract expressionism as seen in the works of Jackson Pollack, Willem de Kooning and other New York School artists in the wake of World War II. The author argues that the work of these artists reflects an attempt to reformulate individual identity through psychology and philosophy.
Author: Maggie Nelson
Publisher: University of Iowa Press
Release Date: 2007-12-01
Genre: Literary Criticism
Maggie Nelson provides the first extended consideration of the roles played by women in and around the New York School of poets, from the 1950s to the present, and offers unprecedented analyses of the work of Barbara Guest, Bernadette Mayer, Alice Notley, Eileen Myles, and abstract painter Joan Mitchell as well as a reconsideration of the work of many male New York School writers and artists from a feminist perspective.
Author: Andy Warhol
Release Date: 2000
'In the POwer of Painting' is devoted to six artists - Andy Warhol, Sigmar Polke, Gerhard Richter, Cy Twombly, Brice Marden, and Ross Bleckner. Selected groups of works from the Daros Collection, mainly from the artists' early periods, reveal their attitude towards painting and trace the emergence of an individual artistic expression and style in each case. The paintings from the years 1949 to 1998 cover the entire second half of the twentieth century, a turbulent period in the history of art, and irrefutably contradict the assertion of the end of painting.
Author: Jane Livingston
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release Date: 2002
This exquisitely illustrated volume and the exhibition that it accompanies restore Joan Mitchell to her rightful place in the history of American artists--one of the few women among the first-rank Abstract Expressionist painters. 145 illustrations, 85 in color.
Author: Frank Krause
Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Social Science
English summary: A comprehensive overview of gender-historical trends in Expressionism is still a desideratum; the number and heterogeneity of such trends call for a diverse range of specialized studies. This volume makes an important contribution to cultural-historical research on the links between Expressionism and gender; it deals with literature (especially prose), film, plays by Ernst Toller, and paintings by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. The contributions explore topics such as fantasies of male birth, sexuality in contexts of money and traffic flows, aspects of maternal practice, crises of masculinities, gender symbolism, prostitute figures, and women as means for the increase of male social power. The findings suggest that future research should focus more strongly on three ways in which expressionists problematize gender positions: on symbolically meaningful transgressions of gender roles, on contradictory specifications of gender-coded identities, and on de-essentialized modes of sexual expression in the force fields of technology and social power. German and English text. German description: Eine umfassende Bestandsaufnahme genderhistorisch bedeutsamer Tendenzen des Expressionismus steht nach wie vor aus; angesichts der epochalen Vielfalt dieser Tendenzen lasst sich das Bild der expressionistischen Moderne nur mit Hilfe einer Vielzahl kleinerer Schritte in unterschiedliche Richtungen aktualisieren. Der Band leistet einen wichtigen Beitrag zu jener Bestandsaufnahme; neben der Literatur, insbesondere der Prosa, werden u.a. Strassenszenen von Ernst Ludwig Kirchner und Filme der Weimarer Republik berucksichtigt. Die Beitrage behandeln maskuline Geburtsphantasien, Sexualitat in Kontexten des Strassen- und Geldverkehrs, Aspekte mutterlichen Handelns, krisenhafte Maskulinitaten, Geschlechtersymbolik, Prostituiertenmotive sowie Frauenfiguren, die als Mittel zur Steigerung mannlicher Macht fungieren. Die Befunde legen nahe, drei Varianten der Problematisierung von Geschlechterpositionen im Expressionismus kunftig starker zu berucksichtigen: die symbolisch bedeutsame Uberschreitung von Spielraumen der Geschlechter, die widerspruchliche Codierung geschlechtermarkierten Sinns sowie die Darstellung von Substanzverlusten sexueller Beziehungen im Wirkungsfeld instrumentellen Handelns.
Author: Diana Burgess Fuller
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release Date: 2002
"This is the book on women's art I've been waiting for--smart, deeply rooted, and up-to-date, with an overdue focus on women of color that fills in the historical cracks. Read it and run with it."--Lucy R. Lippard, author of The Pink Glass Swan: Selected Essays on Feminist Art "More than merely beautiful and ground-breaking, Art/ Women/ California 1950-2000 is also about the enriching interventions created by diverse women artists, the effect of whose work is not only far-reaching, but has also opened up the very definition of American art. It is about intellectual interdisciplinality and the dialectical relationship between art and social context. It is about the way various California cultures--Native, Latino, Asian, feminist, immigrant, politically active, and virtual, which are so different from the trope of the Western cowboy--have intervened in that entity we imagine as 'America.' "--Elaine Kim, editor of Dangerous Women: Gender and Korean Nationalism "Rich and provocative. A pleasure to read and to look at."--Linda Nochlin, author of The Body in Pieces: The Fragment as a Metaphor of Modernity "This book should greatly help everyone understand the remarkably diversified evolution of art in California, which is largely due to the great influx of women and the transformative effect of a new feminist consciousness."--Arthur C. Danto, author of Philosophizing Art: Selected Essays
Author: Robert Carleton Hobbs
Publisher: Harry N. Abrams
Release Date: 1999
This is a complete reappraisal of Lee Krasner (1908-1984), who, along with her husband, Jackson Pollock, was among the artists who launched the New York School of painting after World War II. One of the few critically recognized female Abstract Expressionists of her generation, she has emerged as an essential figure in postwar American art.This lavishly illustrated book, the companion to a major traveling exhibition, takes a fresh look at Krasner and highlights the striking originality and complexity of her work. Krasner saw her art as an open-ended exploration and a dialogue with a wide range of artistic, literary, and cultural voices. Complete with never-before-published excerpts from the diary of writer B. H. Friedman, a longtime associate of Krasner's who provides priceless insights into this pivotal period of American history, this book is essential for any art library.This book and the exhibition it accompanies were developed by Independent Curators International (ICI), a non-profit organization,that creates innovative, provocative traveling exhibitions of contemporary art that have been presented in museums and university galleries worldwide.