Worlds of Work

Author: Daniel B. Cornfield
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461506591
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Social Science

The advent of transnational economic production and market integration compels sociologists of work to look beyond traditional national boundaries and build an international sociology of work in order to effectively address the human, scientific, and practical challenges posed by global economic transnationalism. The purpose of this volume is to promote transnational dialogue about the sociology of work and help build a truly international discipline in this field.

Qualitative Sozialforschung und ihr Kontext

Author: Jessica Pflüger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658012267
Release Date: 2013-04-08
Genre: Social Science

​Prinzipiell handlungsleitende methodische Regeln der empirischen Sozialforschung werden in der Forschungspraxis ganz unterschiedlich umgesetzt. Dies hängt nicht nur vom Forschungsgegenstand ab, sondern auch von den Forschenden und deren Forschungsbedingungen – wie Jessica Pflüger mittels eines internationalen Vergleichs verschiedener Teams (der arbeitssoziologischen Fallstudienforschung) zeigt. Damit beleuchtet sie eine bislang wenig untersuchte Thematik an der Schnittstelle von Wissenschaftssoziologie und Methodologie: wissenschaftliche Teamarbeit. Die Ergebnisse der qualitativen Studie verweisen auf die Notwendigkeit einer stärkeren Kontextualisierung von Forschungspraxis. Sozialforschung kann nicht ohne den gesellschaftlichen Rahmen verstanden werden, sie ist in nationalspezifische (Forschungs-)Kulturen eingebettet.

Endspiel des Kooperativen Kapitalismus

Author: Ulrich Brinkmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531905228
Release Date: 2007-10-28
Genre: Political Science

"Endet es? Wird es enden? Oder ist es bereits zu Ende?" Diese Fragen dienen als Leitmotiv für dieses Buch über das vermeintliche oder tatsächliche Ende des "Kooperativen Kapitalismus" in Deutschland. Nach langjähriger Persistenz scheint dieser nun das Zeitliche zu segnen. Ist das Modell nun tatsächlich an sein Ende gekommen? Haben wir es mit einem Auslaufmodell zu tun? Die Beiträge dieses Buches thematisieren ausgewählte Prozesse des Umbruchs der rheinischen Variante des Kapitalismus. Diskutiert werden u.a. die Transformation hin zu einem Finanzmarktkapitalismus, der Wandel der Corporate Governance, das Aufscheinen neuer Leitbilder in Unternehmen (wie "Intrapreneur"), die Veränderung der Industriellen Beziehungen in einem internationalen Kontext sowie der sozialen Sicherungssysteme. Der Band gibt einen breiten Überblick über den Zustand des Kooperativen Kapitalismus zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts in einem zunehmend internationalisierten Umfeld und unter der Maxime verstärkter Marktsteuerung - und er vermittelt Deutungsangebote über Art und Ausmaß der zu erwartenden Änderungen.

Developing Frontier Cities

Author: Harvey Lithwick
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401712354
Release Date: 2013-04-17
Genre: Social Science

The Unique Nature of Frontier Cities and their Development Challenge Harvey Lithwick and Yehuda Grad us The advent of government downsizing, and globalization has led to enormous com petitive pressures as well as the opening of new opportunities. How cities in remote frontier areas might cope with what for them might appear to be a devastating challenge is the subject of this book. Our concern is with frontier cities in particular. In our earlier study, Frontiers in Regional Development (Rowman and Littlefield, 1996), we examined the distinction between frontiers and peripheries. The terms are often used interchangeably, but we believe that in fact, both in scholarly works and in popular usage, very different connotations are conveyed by these concepts. Frontiers evoke a strong positive image, of sparsely settled territories, offering challenges, adventure, unspoiled natural land scapes, and a different, and for many an attractive life style. Frontiers are lands of opportunity. Peripheries conjure up negative images, of inaccessibility, inadequate services and political and economic marginality. They are places to escape from, rather than frontiers, which is were people escape to. Peripheries are places of and for losers.

Gender Interaction and Inequality

Author: Cecilia L. Ridgeway
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781475721997
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Genre: Social Science

Causal explanations are essential for theory building. In focusing on causal mechanisms rather than descriptive effects, the goal of this volume is to increase our theoretical understanding of the way gender operates in interaction. Theoretical analyses of gender's effects in interaction, in turn, are necessary to understand how such effects might be implicated with individual-level and social structural-level processes in the larger system of gender inequality. Despite other differences, the contributors to this book all take what might be loosely called a "microstructural" approach to gender and interaction. All agree that individuals come to interaction with certain common, socially created beliefs, cultural meanings, experiences, and social rules. These include stereotypes about gendered activities and skills, beliefs about the status value of gender, rules for interacting in certain settings, and so on. However, as individuals apply these beliefs and rules to the specific contingent events of interaction, they combine and reshape their implications in distinctive ways that are particular to the encounter. As a result, individuals actively construct their social relations in the encounter through their interaction. The patterns of relations that develop are not completely determined or scripted in advance by the beliefs and rules of the larger society. Consequently, there is a reciprocal causal relationship between constructed patterns of interaction and larger social structural forms. The constructed patterns of social relations among a set of interactants can be thought of as micro-level social structures or, more simply, "microstructures.

The Handbook of Community Practice

Author: Marie Weil
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781452289977
Release Date: 2012-08-29
Genre: Social Science

The Second Edition of The Handbook of Community Practice is expanded and updated with a major global focus and serves as a comprehensive guidebook of community practice grounded in social justice and human rights. It utilizes community and practice theories and encompasses community development, organizing, planning, social change, policy practice, program development, service coordination, organizational cultural competency, and community-based research in relation to global poverty and community empowerment. This is also the first community practice text to provide combined and in-depth treatment of globalization and international development practice issues—including impacts on communities in the United States and on international development work. The Handbook is grounded in participatory and empowerment practices, including social change, social and economic development, feminist practice, community-collaborative, and engagement in diverse communities. It utilizes the social development perspective and employs analyses of persistent poverty, asset development, policy practice, and community research approaches as well as providing strategies for advocacy and social and legislative action. The handbook consists of forty chapters which challenge readers to examine and assess practice, theory, and research methods. As it expands on models and approaches, delineates emerging issues, and connects policy and practice, the book provides vision and strategies for local to global community practice in the coming decades. The handbook will continue to stand as the central text and reference for comprehensive community practice, and will be useful for years to come as it emphasizes direction for positive change, new developments in community approaches, and focuses attention on globalization, human rights, and social justice. It will continue to be used as a core text for multiple courses within programs, will have long term application for students of community practice, and will provide practitioners with new grounding for development, planning, organizing, and empowerment and social change work.

Handbook of the Sociology of Gender

Author: Janet Saltzman Chafetz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387362182
Release Date: 2006-11-22
Genre: Social Science

During the past three decades, feminist scholars have successfully demonstrated the ubiq uity and omnirelevance of gender as a sociocultural construction in virtually all human collectivities, past and present. Intrapsychic, interactional, and collective social processes are gendered, as are micro, meso, and macro social structures. Gender shapes, and is shaped, in all arenas of social life, from the most mundane practices of everyday life to those of the most powerful corporate actors. Contemporary understandings of gender emanate from a large community of primarily feminist scholars that spans the gamut of learned disciplines and also includes non-academic activist thinkers. However, while in corporating some cross-disciplinary material, this volume focuses specifically on socio logical theories and research concerning gender, which are discussed across the full array of social processes, structures, and institutions. As editor, I have explicitly tried to shape the contributions to this volume along several lines that reflect my long-standing views about sociology in general, and gender sociology in particular. First, I asked authors to include cross-national and historical material as much as possible. This request reflects my belief that understanding and evaluating the here-and-now and working realistically for a better future can only be accomplished from a comparative perspective. Too often, American sociology has been both tempero- and ethnocentric. Second, I have asked authors to be sensitive to within-gender differences along class, racial/ethnic, sexual preference, and age cohort lines.

Humanitarian Work Psychology

Author: S. C Carr
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137015228
Release Date: 2012-04-11
Genre: Psychology

Contextualizing Humanitarian work in history, justice, methods and professional ethics, this book articulates process skills for transformational partnerships between diverse organizations, motivating education, organisational learning and selecting the disaster workforce.

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39015078349399
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Sociology

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Advances in Computer Entertainment

Author: Anton Nijholt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642342929
Release Date: 2012-10-12
Genre: Computers

This book constitutes the refereed conference proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment, ACE 2012, held in Kathmandu, Nepal, in November 2012. The 10 full paper and 19 short papers presented together with 5 papers from the special track Arts and Culture and 35 extended abstracts were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 140 submissions in all categories. The papers cover topics across a wide spectrum of disciplines including computer science, design, arts, sociology, anthropology, psychology, and marketing. Focusing on all areas related to interactive entertainment they aim at stimulating discussion in the development of new and compelling entertainment computing and interactive art concepts and applications.

Minimum Income Protection in Flux

Author: I. Marx
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137291844
Release Date: 2012-11-19
Genre: Political Science

The current economic crisis has presented itself as a formidable challenge to the welfare states of Europe. It is more relevant than ever to ask: do existing minimum income protection schemes succeed in adequately protecting citizens, be it whether they are excluded from work, working, retired, or having children? Drawing on in-depth and up-to-date institutional data from across Europe and the US, this volume details the reality of minimum income protection policies over time. Including contributions from leading scholars in the field, each chapter provides a systematic cross-national analysis of minimum income protection policies, developing concrete policy guidance on an issue at the heart of the European debate.

The Diffusion of Power in Global Governance

Author: S. Guzzini
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137283559
Release Date: 2012-10-14
Genre: Political Science

The study of global governance has often led separate lives within the respective camps of International Political Economy and Foucauldian Studies. Guzzini and Neumann combine these to look at an increasingly global politics with a growing number of agents, recognising the emergence of a global polity.