Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes Second Edition

Author: Robert M. Emerson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226206868
Release Date: 2011-12-25
Genre: Social Science

In Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes, Robert M. Emerson, Rachel I. Fretz, and Linda L. Shaw present a series of guidelines, suggestions, and practical advice for creating useful fieldnotes in a variety of settings, demystifying a process that is often assumed to be intuitive and impossible to teach. Using actual unfinished notes as examples, the authors illustrate options for composing, reviewing, and working fieldnotes into finished texts. They discuss different organizational and descriptive strategies and show how transforming direct observations into vivid descriptions results not simply from good memory but from learning to envision scenes as written. A good ethnographer, they demonstrate, must learn to remember dialogue and movement like an actor, to see colors and shapes like a painter, and to sense moods and rhythms like a poet. This new edition reflects the extensive feedback the authors have received from students and instructors since the first edition was published in 1995. As a result, they have updated the race, class, and gender section, created new sections on coding programs and revising first drafts, and provided new examples of working notes. An essential tool for budding social scientists, the second edition of Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes will be invaluable for a new generation of researchers entering the field.

Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes

Author: Robert M. Emerson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226206858
Release Date: 2010-03-05
Genre: Social Science

In this companion volume John van Maanen's Tales of the Field, three scholars reveal how the ethnographer turns direct experience and observation into written fieldnotes upon which an ethnography is based. Drawing on years of teaching and field research experience, the authors develop a series of guidelines, suggestions, and practical advice about how to write useful fieldnotes in a variety of settings, both cultural and institutional. Using actual unfinished, "working" notes as examples, they illustrate options for composing, reviewing, and working fieldnotes into finished texts. They discuss different organizational and descriptive strategies, including evocation of sensory detail, synthesis of complete scenes, the value of partial versus omniscient perspectives, and of first person versus third person accounts. Of particular interest is the author's discussion of notetaking as a mindset. They show how transforming direct observations into vivid descriptions results not simply from good memory but more crucially from learning to envision scenes as written. A good ethnographer, they demonstrate, must learn to remember dialogue and movement like an actor, to see colors and shapes like a painter, and to sense moods and rhythms like a poet. The authors also emphasize the ethnographer's core interest in presenting the perceptions and meanings which the people studied attach to their own actions. They demonstrate the subtle ways that writers can make the voices of people heard in the texts they produce. Finally, they analyze the "processing" of fieldnotes—the practice of coding notes to identify themes and methods for selecting and weaving together fieldnote excerpts to write a polished ethnography. This book, however, is more than a "how-to" manual. The authors examine writing fieldnotes as an interactive and interpretive process in which the researcher's own commitments and relationships with those in the field inevitably shape the character and content of those fieldnotes. They explore the conscious and unconscious writing choices that produce fieldnote accounts. And they show how the character and content of these fieldnotes inevitably influence the arguments and analyses the ethnographer can make in the final ethnographic tale. This book shows that note-taking is a craft that can be taught. Along with Tales of the Field and George Marcus and Michael Fisher's Anthropology as Cultural Criticism, Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes is an essential tool for students and social scientists alike.

Getting It Published

Author: William Germano
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226281544
Release Date: 2016-04-08
Genre: Reference

For more than a decade, writers have turned to William Germano for his insider’s take on navigating the world of scholarly publishing. A professor, author, and thirty-year veteran of the book industry, Germano knows what editors want and what writers need to know to get their work published. Today there are more ways to publish than ever, and more challenges to traditional publishing. This ever-evolving landscape brings more confusion for authors trying to understand their options. The third edition of Getting It Published offers the clear, practicable guidance on choosing the best path to publication that has made it a trusted resource, now updated to include discussions of current best practices for submitting a proposal, of the advantages and drawbacks of digital publishing, and tips for authors publishing textbooks and in open-access environments. Germano argues that it’s not enough for authors to write well—they also need to write with an audience in mind. He provides valuable guidance on developing a compelling book proposal, finding the right publisher, evaluating a contract, negotiating the production process, and, finally, emerging as a published author. “This endlessly useful and expansive guide is every academic’s pocket Wikipedia: a timely, relevant, and ready resource on scholarly publishing, from the traditional monograph to the digital e-book. I regularly share it, teach it, and consult it myself, whenever I have a question on titling a chapter, securing a permission, or negotiating a contract. Professional advice simply does not get any savvier than this pitch-perfect manual on how to think like a publisher.”—Diana Fuss, Princeton University

Consumer Psychology A Study Guide to Qualitative Research Methods

Author: Paul M. W. Hackett
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
ISBN: 9783847408918
Release Date: 2016-04-18
Genre: Social Science

This book provides students with a clear and concise guide to studying undergraduate courses in qualitative consumer research and ethnography. The authors present the major qualitative research approaches used in consumer and marketing research as well as practical procedures and theoretical aspects of research design, report presentation etc. In addition to that a weekly study guide, including comprehensive reading lists, completes the book.


Author: Georg Breidenstein
Publisher: UTB
ISBN: 9783825244972
Release Date: 2015-10-07
Genre: Social Science

Dieses Lehrbuch bietet eine umfassende Darstellung des ethnografischen Forschungsansatzes. Es führt in die methodologischen Grundlagen, den Forschungsprozess sowie die konkreten Schritte der Forschungspraxis ein. Die Autoren zeigen, wie sich Ethnografen ihrem Feld annähern, Daten gewinnen und wieder auf Distanz zum Feld gehen, wie sie an Protokollen arbeiten, Überraschungen entdecken, Daten sortieren und Themen entwickeln. Es wendet sich an Studierende der Soziologie, der Ethnologie, der Erziehungswissenschaft, der empirischen Kulturwissenschaft und an alle Sozialwissenschaftler/innen, die Ethnografie treiben wollen. Prof. Dr. Georg Breidenstein ist Erziehungswissenschaftler an der Universität Halle-Wittenberg. Prof. Dr. Stefan Hirschauer und Prof. Dr. Herbert Kalthoff sind Soziologen an der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz. Jun.-Prof. Dr. Boris Nieswand ist Ethnologe und Soziologe an der Universität Tübingen.

Einf hrung in die Interaktionistische Ethnografie

Author: Michael Dellwing
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531942650
Release Date: 2012-07-01
Genre: Social Science

Ethnografie hat weiterhin den Geruch von Abenteuer. Der vorliegende Band bietet eine Heranführung an die ethnografische Haltung und Praxis, mit der das immersive Abenteuer der Feldarbeit und das akademische Abenteuer der Schreibarbeit zusammen bestritten werden können. Als von Interaktionisten verfasste Einführung bietet er Einsteigern eine klassische, zurück zu den Chicagoer Wurzeln führende Praxis an, in der Intersubjektivität, Offenheit, Unwägbarkeit, Aufs-Feld-Einlassen und kreative Neuschöpfung aus dem Feld heraus betont werden. Dabei ist er theoretisch fundiert und feldpraktisch ausführlich gehalten: Mit reichhaltigen Beispielen zeigt er auf, wie die Sammlung von Material, die begleitende Analyse und das schlussendliche Verfassen eines analytisch gebundenen Feldberichts organisiert werden können. Zugleich aber steht er in der interaktionistischen Tradition, die "Realität des Feldes" als primäre Realität zu sehen, die nicht durch extern angelegte Theorie oder Methode planiert werden darf. Damit ist es eine Einleitung in eine kreative, pluralistische und bescheidene ethnografische Haltung.

The Chicago Guide to Writing about Multivariate Analysis Second Edition

Author: Jane E. Miller
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226038193
Release Date: 2013-09-26
Genre: Reference

Many different people, from social scientists to government agencies to business professionals, depend on the results of multivariate models to inform their decisions. Researchers use these advanced statistical techniques to analyze relationships among multiple variables, such as how exercise and weight relate to the risk of heart disease, or how unemployment and interest rates affect economic growth. Yet, despite the widespread need to plainly and effectively explain the results of multivariate analyses to varied audiences, few are properly taught this critical skill. The Chicago Guide to Writing about Multivariate Analysis is the book researchers turn to when looking for guidance on how to clearly present statistical results and break through the jargon that often clouds writing about applications of statistical analysis. This new edition features even more topics and real-world examples, making it the must-have resource for anyone who needs to communicate complex research results. For this second edition, Jane E. Miller includes four new chapters that cover writing about interactions, writing about event history analysis, writing about multilevel models, and the “Goldilocks principle” for choosing the right size contrast for interpreting results for different variables. In addition, she has updated or added numerous examples, while retaining her clear voice and focus on writers thinking critically about their intended audience and objective. Online podcasts, templates, and an updated study guide will help readers apply skills from the book to their own projects and courses. This continues to be the only book that brings together all of the steps involved in communicating findings based on multivariate analysis—finding data, creating variables, estimating statistical models, calculating overall effects, organizing ideas, designing tables and charts, and writing prose—in a single volume. When aligned with Miller’s twelve fundamental principles for quantitative writing, this approach will empower readers—whether students or experienced researchers—to communicate their findings clearly and effectively.

Teilnahme am Unterricht

Author: Georg Breidenstein
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531903088
Release Date: 2007-12-14
Genre: Education

Was tun Schülerinnen und Schüler im Unterricht? Der Begriff "Teilnahme am Unterricht" wird in dieser Untersuchung, die auf langfristigen Unterrichtsbeobachtungen beruht, neu gefasst. Die grundlegende Differenzierung in Teilnahme und Nicht-Teilnahme legt Kriterien frei, die einen neuen Zugang zu den unterrichtswirklichen Problemen Leistungsbeurteilung, Zensurenfindung, Langeweile und letztlich den "Schülerjob" als Metapher für jede Form der Schülertätigkeit innerhalb von 45-Minuten-Einheiten ermöglicht.

Indexing Books Second Edition

Author: Nancy C. Mulvany
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226550176
Release Date: 2009-11-15
Genre: Reference

Since 1994, Nancy Mulvany's Indexing Books has been the gold standard for thousands of professional indexers, editors, and authors. This long-awaited second edition, expanded and completely updated, will be equally revered. Like its predecessor, this edition of Indexing Books offers comprehensive, reliable treatment of indexing principles and practices relevant to authors and indexers alike. In addition to practical advice, the book presents a big-picture perspective on the nature and purpose of indexes and their role in published works. New to this edition are discussions of "information overload" and the role of the index, open-system versus closed-system indexing, electronic submission and display of indexes, and trends in software development, among other topics. Mulvany is equally comfortable focusing on the nuts and bolts of indexing—how to determine what is indexable, how to decide the depth of an index, and how to work with publisher instructions—and broadly surveying important sources of indexing guidelines such as The Chicago Manual of Style, Sun Microsystems, Oxford University Press, NISO TR03, and ISO 999. Authors will appreciate Mulvany's in-depth consideration of the costs and benefits of preparing one's own index versus hiring a professional, while professional indexers will value Mulvany's insights into computer-aided indexing. Helpful appendixes include resources for indexers, a worksheet for general index specifications, and a bibliography of sources to consult for further information on a range of topics. Indexing Books is both a practical guide and a manifesto about the vital role of the human-crafted index in the Information Age. As the standard indexing reference, it belongs on the shelves of everyone involved in writing and publishing nonfiction books.

Tales of the Field

Author: John Van Maanen
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226849645
Release Date: 2011-07-01
Genre: Social Science

For more than twenty years, John Van Maanen’s Tales of the Field has been a definitive reference and guide for students, scholars, and practitioners of ethnography and beyond. Originally published in 1988, it was the one of the first works to detail and critically analyze the various styles and narrative conventions associated with written representations of culture. This is a book about the deskwork of fieldwork and the various ways culture is put forth in print. The core of the work is an extended discussion and illustration of three forms or genres of cultural representation—realist tales, confessional tales, and impressionist tales. The novel issues raised in Tales concern authorial voice, style, truth, objectivity, and point-of-view. Over the years, the work has both reflected and shaped changes in the field of ethnography. In this second edition, Van Maanen’s substantial new Epilogue charts and illuminates changes in the field since the book’s first publication. Refreshingly humorous and accessible, Tales of the Field remains an invaluable introduction to novices learning the trade of fieldwork and a cornerstone of reference for veteran ethnographers.