Young Offenders and Youth Justice

Author: Sandra Jean Bell
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9780176501747
Release Date: 2011-02-16
Genre: Juvenile delinquency

Young Offenders and Juvenile Justice: A Century After the Fact, Fourth Edition, takes the unique approach of examining social ideas of youth and youth "crime." It is about what society thinks about youth and their behaviour, and about how these views are reflected in public discourse, scholarly theorizing, public policy, and institutional responses to "troublesome" youth behaviour. Bell examines and compares the youth legislations which have been passed by the Canadian government over the last 100 years. In particular, Young Offenders and Juvenile Justice compares and contrasts the Juvenile Delinquency Act, The Young Offenders Act, and the current Youth Criminal Justice Act.

Young Offenders and Youth Justice

Author: Sandra Jean Bell
Publisher: Nelson
ISBN: 0176252703
Release Date: 2006-10-17
Genre: Juvenile delinquency

Addressing the issues surrounding youth justice and young offenders, Young Offenders and Youth Justice: A Century After the Fact, 3rd edition is the most comprehensive book on the market. Written from a historically comparative perspective, this text looks at how far youth justice has come in the last 100 years. This new edition includes in depth discussion on the Youth Criminal Justice Act and offers a comparison to previous Youth Laws. Updated news articles, statistics and research makes Young Offenders and Youth Justice: A Century After the Fact, 3rd the most up-to-date book in youth justice.

Young Offenders and the Law

Author: Raymond Arthur
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134004874
Release Date: 2010-06-10
Genre: Law

How does the law deal with young offenders, and to what extent does the law protect and promote the rights of young people in conflict with the law? These are the central issues addressed by Young Offenders and the Law in its examination of the legal response to the phenomenon of youth offending, and the contemporary forces that shape the law. This book develops the reader’s understanding of the sociological, criminological, historical, political, and philosophical approaches to youth offending in England and Wales, and also presents a comparative review of developments in other jurisdictions. It provides a comprehensive critical analysis of the legislative and policy framework currently governing the operation of the youth justice system in England and Wales, and evaluates the response of the legal system in light of modern legislative framework and international best practice. All aspects of trial and pre-trial procedure affecting young offenders are covered, including: the age of criminal responsibility, police powers, trial procedure, together with the full range of detention facilities and non-custodial options. Young Offenders and the Law provides, for the first time, a primary source of reference on youth offending. It is an essential text for undergraduate and postgraduate students of Law, Criminology, and Criminal Justice Studies.

Youth Justice in Context

Author: Mairéad Seymour
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780415667920
Release Date: 2012-10-15
Genre: Social Science

Youth Justice in Context examines the influence of legislative, organizational, policy and practice issues in shaping what constitutes compliance and how non-compliance is responded to when supervising young offenders in the community. It also addresses the impact of adolescent developmental immaturity and social and personal circumstances in mediating expectations of compliance. A central concern of the book is to explore the manner in which compliance changes over time through the dynamics that arise in the supervisory relationship between practitioners and young people, and against the backdrop of the social and psychological changes that occur in adolescents' lives as they move towards early adulthood. A detailed examination is provided based on the perspectives of probation and youth justice professionals operating across different organizational contexts, and of young people subject to community supervision. To this end, the book offers in-depth analysis on the strategies employed by practitioners in promoting compliance and responding to non-compliance. It also provides unique insights into young people's perceptions of the supervision process, their motivations to comply, and their perspectives on desistance from offending. This book offers an alternative perspective to policies and practices that focus primarily on stringent enforcement and control measures in responding to non-compliance. Youth Justice in Context is suited to academics, researchers, students, policy makers, social workers, probation officers, youth justice workers, social care workers and other practitioners working with young people in the criminal justice system.

Reshaping Juvenile Justice

Author: Janet B. L. Chan
Publisher: Federation Press
ISBN: 0975196731
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Law

Reshaping Juvenile Justice examines reforms in New South Wales under the Young Offenders Act 1997. The Act institutionalises a fresh approach to juvenile justice – one that regulates police discretion at the gate-keeping level, emphasises diversion as a principle, introduces restorative conferencing as an intermediate intervention, and relegates the use of courts to the last resort.The enactment of the Young Offenders Act followed years of experimentation with various models of police cautioning and diversion. The Act is unique in its focus on community, victim and family participation, in the limits it places on the exercise of police discretion, and in the provisions made for children’s access to legal advice. The reform is also exceptional in that it was implemented through an unusual mixture of cross-government and community co-operation. An independent agency, the Youth Justice Conferencing Directorate, was established to manage and administer youth justice conferences. Conference convenors are recruited from individuals who live and work in the local communities. As an innovative social experiment, policymakers and researchers will watch the impact of the Act both nationally and internationally.Reshaping Juvenile Justice brings together the most up-to-date research evidence and analysis of the Young Offenders Act. It details the history of the Act’s development and implementation. It describes the working of the Act and evaluates its effectiveness and impact on young offenders, victims, and juvenile crime. In discussing the strengths and weaknesses of the Act and in identifying the critical success factors and barriers to implementation, the monograph lays the groundwork for future debates on juvenile justice in Australia.

The Moral Foundations of the Youth Justice System

Author: Raymond Arthur
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317670261
Release Date: 2016-12-01
Genre: Social Science

When is it fair to hold young people criminally responsible? If young people lack the capacity to make a meaningful choice and to control their impulses, should they be held criminally culpable for their behaviour? In what ways is the immaturity of young offenders relevant to their blameworthiness? Should youth offending behaviour be proscribed by criminal law? These are just some of the questions asked in this thoughtful and provocative book. In The Moral Foundations of the Youth Justice System, Raymond Arthur explores international and historical evidence on how societies regulate criminal behaviour by young people, and undertakes a careful examination of the developmental capacities and processes that are relevant to young people’s criminal choices. He argues that the youth justice response needs to be reconceptualised in a context where one of the central objectives of institutions regulating children and young people’s behaviour is to support the interests and welfare of those children. This timely book advocates a revolutionary transformation of the structure and process of contemporary youth justice law: a synthesised and integrated approach that is clearly distinct from that used for dealing with adults. This book is a key resource for students, academics and practitioners across fields including criminal law, youth justice, probation and social work.

Offending Girls

Author: Gilly Sharpe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136617850
Release Date: 2013-08-15
Genre: Law

At the dawn of the twenty-first century, panic about girls’ offending in Britain reached fever pitch. No longer sugar and spice, a ‘new breed’ of girl, the hedonistic, violent, binge-drinking ‘ladette’, was reported to have emerged. At the same time, the number of young women entering the youth justice system, including youth custody, increased dramatically. Offending Girls challenges simplistic and demonising popular representations of 'bad' girls and examines what exactly is new about the ‘new’ offending girl. In the light of enormous social and cultural changes affecting girls’ lives, and expectations of them, since previous British research in this area, the book investigates whether popular stereotypes problematising female youthful behaviour resonate with the accounts of criminalised young women themselves, and to what extent they have infiltrated professional youth justice discourse. Through the lens of original detailed qualitative research in two Youth Offending Teams and a Secure Training Centre – the first study of its kind since the 'modernisation' of the youth justice system over a decade ago – Offending Girls questions whether the ‘new’ youth justice system is delivering justice for girls and young women. It also contends that the panic about an ‘unprecedented crime wave’ amongst girls is not supported by robust evidence, but that the interventionist thrust which characterises contemporary youth justice has had a particularly pernicious impact on girls. It will be key reading for students and academics working in the areas of criminology, criminal and youth justice, education, gender studies, youth studies, social work, sociology and social policy, as well as youth and criminal justice practitioners and policy-makers.

Comparative Youth Justice

Author: John Muncie
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412911362
Release Date: 2006-06-01
Genre: Social Science

Comparative Youth Justice is the first book to critically reflect on contemporary juvenile justice reform in England and Wales and across various other western jurisdictions including the US, Canada, France, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, Belgium, Scotland, Japan, Italy and Finland. In doing so, it identifies major international differences in juvenile policy and practice. However, Contemporary Youth Justice is not simply an attempt to document national similarities and differences, but looks critically at how global trends are translated at the local level. This book also examines how youth justice is implemented in practice with a view to promoting change as well as reflection.

Justice for Young Offenders

Author: Mary Vandergoot
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 9781895830514
Release Date: 2006-03-01
Genre: Law

Canada has a 100-year history of using the criminal justice system to address social problems of youth in society. Has this approach worked? Not according to clinical psychologist Mary Vandergoot. In fact, this approach has ignored the reality that many youth who come into contact with the law may have developmental disabilities, mental health disorders, suffer from a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, or be victims of violence or neglect. Our current approach to youth justice can actually harm such young persons and their families by ignoring their needs. Set against the backdrop of the Canadian Youth Criminal Justice Act, the author takes an interdisciplinary approach to justice issues including: a discussion of how youth crime differs from adult crime; the psychological and social consequences of charging or not charging a youth with a crime; options for dealing with troubled youth; what are appropriate sentences; a discussion of the social and emotional issues troubled youth face; and the role of the various actors in youth justice, including the role of a psychologist. In this ground-breaking analysis of the many, often complex issues that must be addressed, the author challenges us to examine the assumptions behind our approach to youth justice, and break the cycle of using legal sanctions to deal with youth who have special needs. Clinical examples and sample evaluations add to the depth of the author's analysis. This book will be of tremendous value to teachers, lawyers, community youth workers, judges, social workers, therapists, and parents -- anyone interested in or working with young persons. The author tackles head on the difficult questions that must be addressed if society is to make a positive difference in the lives of its youth in conflict with the law.

Youth Justice

Author: Jane Sanders
Publisher: Federation Press
ISBN: 9781862878129
Release Date: 2010-12-10
Genre: Child welfare

Youth Justice is an ongoing project of Macquarie Legal Centre. This edition was produced in partnership with Shopfront Youth Legal Centre. It provides a practical guide for young people who come into contact with the police or the criminal justice system in NSW. Presented in a clear and jargon-free style, the book covers a broad range of topics including police interviews, police searches, the Young Offenders Act and youth justice conferences, bail, court processes, court outcomes, AVOs and dealing with unpaid fines. Aside from helping young people understand their rights, this book is an essential resource for youth workers, youth advocates, social workers, counsellors, teachers or anyone else who works to support young people.

The Young Offenders Act

Author: Alan Winfield Leschied
Publisher: Univ of Toronto Pr
ISBN: UOM:39015022009024
Release Date: 1991-06
Genre: Law

One of the most controversial social policies in Canadian history is the Young Offenders Act of 1984. To some it represents a more enlightened and more humane approach to the rights of young persons before the law; to others it offers unwarranted protection to those who least deserve it - those who commit crimes. Still others feel the new legislation strikes a resounding chord for the necessity of making offenders responsible and accountable for their behaviour. The essays in this volume explore the impact of this legislation on Canadian juvenile justice from the perspective of lawyers, policy-makers, researchers, and other professionals involved in the court system. Among the areas discussed are the theoretical framework for the policy; the impact on law and social-service practitioners; and the impact on clients. Mr. Justice Archambault, who wrote the foreword, was appointed by the federal government in the late 1960s to review the juvenile justice system as it was then operating. His investigation laid the groundwork for the Young Offenders Act; his perspective, and the essays that make up the body of the volume, provide a comprehensive overview, not only of the current legislation, but of the legal and social-service systems that it supports.

Youth Crime and Youth Justice

Author: J. M. Hough
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 1861346492
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Political Science

This report presents the findings from the first national, representative survey of public attitudes to youth crime and youth justice in England and Wales. The findings illustrate the complex and multilayered nature of public opinion on this topic. They show that the public has a more pessimistic view of youth crime than is justified by official crime statistics. While most people say that they want the youth justice system to be tougher on young offenders, many are supportive of restorative or rehabilitative approaches when presented with detail on specific cases. Youth crime and youth justice is essential reading for academics, researchers, policy makers and practitioners in the fields of criminal justice, criminology, social policy, social work and probation.