Soziale und angewandte Psychiatrie

Author:
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783662001660
Release Date: 2013-07-02
Genre: Medical

Der dritte Band dieses Werkes spiegelt, vielleicht mehr noch als der Grund lagenteil und die klinischen Abschnitte, entscheidende Wandlungen der Psych iatrie der Gegenwart wider: Ablösung der Psychiatrie von ihrer Ursprungsstätte, dem psychiatrischen Krankenhaus, ihr Einströmen nicht nur in fachliche Grenz gebiete, sondern ins öffentliche Bewußtsein, und die Verlagerung der praktischen psychiatrischen Tätigkeit extra muros. Manche Beiträge behandeln Stoffgebiete, die in keinem früheren Hand- oder Lehrbuch der Psychiatrie erwähnt sind und vor 20 oder 30 Jahren auch noch nicht hätten geschrieben werden können. In einer ersten Gruppe von Beiträgen zur praktischen und sozialen Psychiatrie wird diese Wandlung besonders spürbar. Es lag den Herausgebern daran, hier neuen Ansichten und Bestrebungen Raum zu gewähren, die Problematik der vielfach durch aus noch im Flusse befindlichen Konzeptionen klarzustellen, ihre Vielfalt zu gliedern und zu ordnen und die Verbindungen mit den Nachbargebieten der Psychologie, Heilpädagogik, Sozialwissenschaft, Legislatur, Strafvollzug usw. zu verfolgen. Ein einleitender Abschnitt über die neueren Strömungen in der praktischen Psychiatrie behandelt in die Zukunft weisende Auffassungen über die Organisation und die baulichen Probleme des psychiatrischen Krankenhauses und des ambulan ten psychiatrischen Dienstes. Endgültige Lösungen sind noch nicht gefunden, die Richtung der nächsten Entwicklung wird aber deutlich sichtbar. Die soziale Psychiatrie befaßt sich mit den Einflüssen der Sozialstruktur auf die Entstehung und den Verlauf seelischer Störungen, mit der Stellung des psychisch kranken Menschen innerhalb der Gesellschaft, mit der Frage seiner Hospitalisations bedürftigkeit usw. , während der seelische Gesundheitsschutz die präventiven Maßnahmen für die gesunde Bevölkerung im Auge hat.

One Century of Karl Jaspers General Psychopathology

Author: Giovanni Stanghellini
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191506475
Release Date: 2013-07-04
Genre: Medical

2013 sees the centenary of Jaspers' foundation of psychopathology as a science in its own right. In 1913 Karl Jaspers published his psychiatric opus magnum - the Allgemeine Psychopathologie (General Psychopathology). Jaspers was working at a time much like our own - with rapid expansion in the neurosciences, and responding to the philosophical challenges that this raised. The idea inspiring his book was very simple: to bring order into the chaos of abnormal psychic phenomena by rigorous description, definition and classification, and to empower psychiatry with a valid and reliable method to assess and make sense of abnormal human subjectivity. After almost one century, many of the concepts challenged by Jaspers are still at issue, and Jaspers' investigation is even now the ground for analyses and discussions. With a new edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) imminent, many of the issues concerning methodology and diagnosis are still the subject of much discussion and debate. This volume brings together leading psychiatrists and philosophers to discuss and evaluate the impact of this volume, its relevance today, and the legacy it left. "Jaspers' General Psychopathology is not an easy text to read. Especially nowadays, in the Internet era, it may appear in several parts obscure, convoluted, or repetitive. This is why the present volume has the potential to be not only attractive to scholars, but also extremely useful for young psychiatrists and busy clinicians. It may represent for them a 'guide' to the reading of that ponderous text, helping them to extract the key messages that are likely to resonate with, and at the same time enrich, their clinical practice and theoretical reflection." - From the Introduction by Mario Maj

Grundlagenforschung zur Psychiatrie A

Author:
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783662001622
Release Date: 2013-04-18
Genre: Medical

Grundlagenforschung zur Psychiatrie Die Herausgeber sind der Ansicht, daß die Psychiatrie heute vor allem durch Grundlagenforschung, durch neue adäquate Methoden und durch Anregungen aus den Grenzgebieten weiter gefördert wird. Der große Umfang der psychiatrischen Grundlagenforschung erforderte klare Darstellungen der einzelnen Ergebnisse und ihrer methodischen Grenzen. Diese sollten auch Beschränkungen der Spezialforschung zeigen und eine Besinnung auf das methodisch Erreichbare fördern. Vor allem waren die größeren Zusammen hänge darzustellen mit den vielen Verbindungen, welche die Psychiatrie unse rer Zeit in Forschung und Praxis mit allen Formen menschlicher Wissenschaft und Bildung entwickelt hat. Vielseitige Beziehungen der Psychiatrie mit anderen klinischen Fächern der Medizin, mit den biologischen Wissenschaften, sowie der Psychologie, Soziologie und Philosophie haben sich in den letzten Jahrzehnten eröffnet. Alle Wissen schaften vom Menschen gehören zu den psychiatrischen Grundlagen. Das mehr deutige Wort "Anthropologie" wird heute in der verschiedensten Bedeutung verwendet und bezeichnet etwa 8 verschiedene Wissenschaften. In HERDERB "Ideen zur Philosophie der Geschichte der Menschheit", auf die alle Anthro pologien zurückgehen, waren 1785 noch natur- und geisteswissenschaftliche Forschungsmethoden über den Menschen vereinigt. Jetzt sind die verschiedenen "Anthropologien" spezialisierte oder verallgemeinernde Forschungsgebiete, die den Kontakt miteinander verloren haben. Mangelnde Verbindung verschiedener Disziplinen macht die geisteswissenschaftlichen Beiträge zur Psychiatrie heute ähnlich unübersichtlich wie die naturwissenschaftlichen Spezialfächer. Der erste Teil des Bandes über Grundlagen und Methoden der Psychiatrie enthält die naturwissenschaftlich-biologischen Forschungsergebnisse. Zahl und Umfang der 13 Beiträge, die eine Teilung in zwei Teilbände erforderten, be zeichnen das weite Feld, das die naturwissenschaftliche Psychiatrie heute be rücksichtigen muß.

Behavioral Aspects of Epilepsy

Author: Gregory L. Holmes, MD
Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
ISBN: 1934559881
Release Date: 2007-10-15
Genre: Medical

The field of epilepsy and behavior has grown considerably in the past number of years, reflecting advances in the laboratory and clinic. Behavioral Aspects of Epilepsy: Principles and Practice is the definitive text on epilepsy behavioral issues, from basic science to clinical applications, for all neurologists, psychosocial specialists, and researchers in the fields of epilepsy, neuroscience, and psychology/psychiatry. Behavioral aspects of epilepsy include a patient's experiences during seizures, his or her reaction during and between seizures, the frequency of episodes and what can be determined from the number of seizures. With contributions by dozens of leading international experts, this is the only book to cover all aspects of this critical emerging science. Adult and pediatric patients, animal models, and epilepsy surgery and its effects are all covered in detail. Behavioral Aspects of Epilepsy is the only source for up-to-date information on a topic that has significant and growing interest in the medical community. This comprehensive, authoritative text has a bench to bedside, approach that covers: The mechanisms underlying epilepsy and behavior Neurophysiologic function Neuropsychiatric and behavioral disorders in patients with epilepsy The effects of treatments and surgery on behavior Pediatric and adolescent epilepsy Disorders associated with epilepsy that impact behavior And much more

Inventing the Criminal

Author: Richard F. Wetzell
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807861042
Release Date: 2003-06-19
Genre: History

Recent years have witnessed a resurgence of biological research into the causes of crime, but the origins of this kind of research date back to the late nineteenth century. Here, Richard Wetzell presents the first history of German criminology from Imperial Germany through the Weimar Republic to the end of the Third Reich, a period that provided a unique test case for the perils associated with biological explanations of crime. Drawing on a wealth of primary sources from criminological, legal, and psychiatric literature, Wetzell shows that German biomedical research on crime predominated over sociological research and thus contributed to the rise of the eugenics movement and the eventual targeting of criminals for eugenic measures by the Nazi regime. However, he also demonstrates that the development of German criminology was characterized by a constant tension between the criminologists' hereditarian biases and an increasing methodological sophistication that prevented many of them from endorsing the crude genetic determinism and racism that characterized so much of Hitler's regime. As a result, proposals for the sterilization of criminals remained highly controversial during the Nazi years, suggesting that Nazi biological politics left more room for contention than has often been assumed.

What Psychiatry Left Out of the DSM 5

Author: Edward Shorter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317568728
Release Date: 2015-03-05
Genre: Psychology

Choice Recommended Read What Psychiatry Left Out of the DSM-5: Historical Mental Disorders Today covers the diagnoses that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) failed to include, along with diagnoses that should not have been included, but were. Psychiatry as a field is over two centuries old and over that time has gathered great wisdom about mental illnesses. Today, much of that knowledge has been ignored and we have diagnoses such as "schizophrenia" and "bipolar disorder" that do not correspond to the diseases found in nature; we have also left out disease labels that on a historical basis may be real. Edward Shorter proposes a history-driven alternative to the DSM.

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation Volume 2 Medical Neurorehabilitation

Author: Michael Selzer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139915960
Release Date: 2014-04-24
Genre: Medical

In two freestanding volumes, Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation provides comprehensive coverage of the science and practice of neurological rehabilitation. Revised throughout, bringing the book fully up to date, this volume, Medical Neurorehabilitation, can stand alone as a clinical handbook for neurorehabilitation. It covers the practical applications of the basic science principles presented in Volume 1, provides authoritative guidelines on the management of disabling symptoms, and describes comprehensive rehabilitation approaches for the major categories of disabling neurological disorders. New chapters have been added covering genetics in neurorehabilitation, the rehabilitation team and the economics of neurological rehabilitation, and brain stimulation, along with numerous others. Emphasizing the integration of basic and clinical knowledge, this book and its companion are edited and written by leading international authorities. Together they are an essential resource for neuroscientists and provide a foundation of the work of clinical neurorehabilitation professionals.

Schizophrenia

Author: Eve C. Johnstone
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521580847
Release Date: 1999-07-15
Genre: Medical

A wide-ranging 1999 survey of the disorder, including neurobiological, socioeconomic and clinical management issues.

Autism Spectrum Disorders Practical Overview For Pediatricians An Issue of Pediatric Clinics E Book

Author: Dilip R Patel
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9781455743025
Release Date: 2012-02-28
Genre: Medical

The Guest Editors have assembled expert authors to cover the full clinical span of the topic autism and autism spectrum disorders. An historical perspective of the evolution of the disorder opens the issue. Next, comprehensive coverage is given to an article on the definitions, diagnostic criteria, and clinical features of autism spectrum disorders. Other articles in the issue cover the relevant topics like epidemiology, genetic syndromes and genetic testing, early diagnosis and diagnostic evaluation, and neuroimaging and neurochemistry of autism. Authors also present information on tsocial skills for the autistic child, behavioral interventions, and transitioning the autistic child into adulthood, to name a few. This issue should be very well received by pediatricians.