Jews and Judaism in The New York Times

Author: Christopher Vecsey, Ph.D
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739184707
Release Date: 2013-07-18
Genre: Social Science

Jews and Judaism have been profoundly affected by the horrific course of the Holocaust, and by the formation of Israel as a Jewish nation-state. These have been the major themes in the Times' treatment of Judaism, in thousands of articles, from the 1970s to the present.

Crockett Johnson and Ruth Krauss

Author: Philip Nel
Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
ISBN: 9781628468205
Release Date: 2012-07-30
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

Crockett Johnson (born David Johnson Leisk, 1906-1975) and Ruth Krauss (1901-1993) were a husband-and-wife team that created such popular children's books as The Carrot Seed and How to Make an Earthquake. Separately, Johnson created the enduring children's classic Harold and the Purple Crayon and the groundbreaking comic strip Barnaby. Krauss wrote over a dozen children's books illustrated by others, and pioneered the use of spontaneous, loose-tongued kids in children's literature. Together, Johnson and Krauss's style--whimsical writing, clear and minimalist drawing, and a child's point-of-view--is among the most revered and influential in children's literature and cartooning, inspiring the work of Maurice Sendak, Charles M. Schulz, Chris Van Allsburg, and Jon Scieszka. This critical biography examines their lives and careers, including their separate achievements when not collaborating. Using correspondence, sketches, contemporary newspaper and magazine accounts, archived and personal interviews, author Philip Nel draws a compelling portrait of a couple whose output encompassed children's literature, comics, graphic design, and the fine arts. Their mentorship of now-famous illustrator Maurice Sendak (Where the Wild Things Are) is examined at length, as is the couple's appeal to adult contemporaries such as Duke Ellington and Dorothy Parker. Defiantly leftist in an era of McCarthyism and Cold War paranoia, Johnson and Krauss risked collaborations that often contained subtly rendered liberal themes. Indeed, they were under FBI surveillance for years. Their legacy of considerable success invites readers to dream and to imagine, drawing paths that take them anywhere they want to go.

The International Struggle Over Iraq

Author: David M. Malone
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199238682
Release Date: 2007
Genre: History

"Iraq has dominated headlines in recent years, but its controversial role in international affairs goes back much further. Drawing on unparalleled access to UN insiders, this book is key to understanding one of the most persistent crises in international affairs and the various roles the world's central peace-making forum has played in it"--Publisher description.

Love and Work

Author: Mieke Polderman
Publisher: Eburon Uitgeverij B.V.
ISBN: 9789059728561
Release Date: 2014-09-01
Genre: Family & Relationships

Is there interaction between love and work? If so, in what ways does it appear? The main incentive for this research is the notable increase of American and Dutch people who wish to spend more and more of their time working and who feel useless and robbed of their identity when separated from their jobs. It seems that work is considered more fulfilling and satisfying than love, which can be undermined by failing relationships, tension, depression, violence, addiction, crime or angry and unmanageable children. Whereas Proust described love in a milieu where most of the work was done by servants and artists, Freud was convinced that love and work were the two main pillars of society. This view has been echoed by psychologists, sociologists, philosophers and novelists. However, a new phenomenon is that men and women share love and work. Finding the right balance between the two is a hot topic in “how to” books, newspaper and magazine articles but the underlying connections have received little if any scrutiny. In fact it may well be a mission impossible since, as the Frankfurt School asserted, the capitalist powers, in search of profit, urge politicians to lure men, women and children onto the work floor by telling them work is a duty that not only will provide disposable income but also happiness and fulfillment in life. Hence people internalize this message without asking themselves why continuous consumption is more important than giving and receiving love, which they crave but seldom find. Although focusing on middle-class people between the ages of twenty five and forty who are travelling the “highway of life”, have paid jobs, a relationship of at least three years and children, this study should be of interest to everyone.

The L M Montgomery Reader

Author: Benjamin Lefebvre
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9781442660878
Release Date: 2014-12-18
Genre: Literary Criticism

The final volume of The L.M. Montgomery Reader, A Legacy in Review examines a long overlooked portion of Montgomery’s critical reception: reviews of her books. Although Montgomery downplayed the impact that reviews had on her writing career, claiming to be amused and tolerant of reviewers’ contradictory opinions about her work, she nevertheless cared enough to keep a large percentage of them in scrapbooks as an archive of her career. Edited by leading Montgomery scholar Benjamin Lefebvre, this volume presents more than four hundred reviews from eight countries that raise questions about and offer reflections on gender, genre, setting, character, audience, and nationalism, much of which anticipated the scholarship that has thrived in the last four decades. Lefebvre’s extended introduction and chapter headnotes place the reviews in the context of Montgomery’s literary career and trace the evolution of attitudes to her work, and his epilogue examines the reception of Montgomery’s books that were published posthumously. A comprehensive account of the reception of Montgomery’s books, published during and after her lifetime, A Legacy in Review is the illuminating final volume of this important new resource for L.M. Montgomery scholars and fans around the world.

The Fiction of Hortense Calisher

Author: Kathleen Snodgrass
Publisher: University of Delaware Press
ISBN: 0874134781
Release Date: 1993
Genre: Literary Criticism

"Hortense Calisher is the author of eleven novels, six collections of stories or novellas, and two memoirs. The publication of her first book of short stories, In the Absence of Angels (1951), marked the debut of an important writer. For the past forty years her works have been consistently and widely reviewed. Calisher has long been celebrated (and censured) as a "writer's writer," a consummate stylist with an impressive range of subjects. Despite that range, however, Calisher's works possess a thematic coherence that has eluded critical notice. For more than forty years, she has spun out variations on the motif of rites of passage and of extradition. Her protagonists may yearn for stasis, for a firmly manageable reality, but finally emerge into a world where change is the only constant." "In The Fiction of Hortense Calisher, the first book-length study of Calisher's work, Kathleen Snodgrass demonstrates this theme's dominance. Following an introduction that provides biographical and critical background, she explores similarities in the structure of Calisher's works, grouping them together to illuminate both the general motif and its distinctive variations. In the first chapter, "Bridging the Gulf: The Autobiographical Stories," Snodgrass arranges Calisher's early stories into a biographically chronological order; a coherent narrative emerges that dramatizes Hester Elkin's rites of passage from childhood through adolescence to early adulthood. Hester Elkin is only the first of a succession of Calisher's protagonists to embrace life as an open-ended journey. In chapter 2, Snodgrass examines four Calisher novels that have in common tumultuous transitions from adolescence to adulthood. In Calisher, an essential part of that rite of passage is a "coming down from the heights" of theorizing and fantasy, into a willingness to grapple with mundane, adult realities. Chapter 3, "False Entries," focuses on two companion novels in which the central drama is the painful transition from stasis to movement." "Subsequent chapters focus on two very different types of movement: "Solo Flights" deals with characters sloughing off conventional lives like dead skins and setting off alone, while "Re-Entries" examines the opposite movement - here Calisher's characters re-enter what she has termed the "great enclosure of the norm." Later chapters discuss Calisher's two novels of space travel - works in which the primary voyage is psychic rather than physical - and works dealing with the voyaging life well into old age." "In her conclusion, "Calisher's 'Monologuing Eye,'" Snodgrass demonstrates the inseparability of style and theme in Calisher's works. Both stylistically and thematically, Calisher repudiates a predictably linear progression through life. If her style is, as some critics have remarked, "dense" and "elliptical," so, too, is her experience of the world. She leaves it to others to duplicate a received reality, choosing instead to take soundings on a world in flux."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

New York Magazine

Release Date: 1989-02-06

New York magazine was born in 1968 after a run as an insert of the New York Herald Tribune and quickly made a place for itself as the trusted resource for readers across the country. With award-winning writing and photography covering everything from politics and food to theater and fashion, the magazine's consistent mission has been to reflect back to its audience the energy and excitement of the city itself, while celebrating New York as both a place and an idea.

Understanding Colson Whitehead

Author: Derek C. Maus
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
ISBN: 9781611174090
Release Date: 2014-09-05
Genre: Literary Criticism

Although 2002 MacArthur Fellowship recipient Colson Whitehead ardently resists overarching categorizations of his work, Derek C. Maus argues in this volume that Whitehead’s first six books are linked by a careful balance between adherence to and violation of the wisdom of past generations. Whitehead bids readers to come along with him on challenging, often open-ended literary excursions designed to reexamine accepted notions of truth. Understanding Colson Whitehead unravels the parallel structures found within Whitehead’s fiction from his 1999 novel The Intuitionist through 2011’s Zone One. In his choice of literary forms, Whitehead attempts to revitalize the limiting formulas to which they have been reduced by first imitating and then violating the conventions of those genres and sub-genres. Whitehead similarly tests subject matter, again imitating and then satirizing various forms of conventional wisdom as a means of calling out unexamined, ignored, and/or malevolent aspects of American culture. Although only one of many subjects that Whitehead addresses, race often takes a place of centrality in his works and, as such, serves as the prime example of how Whitehead asks his readers to revisit their assumptions about meanings and values. By jumbling the literary formulas of the detective novel, the heroic folktale, the coming-of-age story, and the zombie apocalypse, Whitehead reveals the flaws and shortcomings of many of the long-lasting stories through which Americans have defined themselves. Some of the stories Whitehead focuses on are explicitly literary in nature, but he more frequently directs his attention toward the historical and cultural processes that influence how race, class, gender, education, social status, and other categories of identity determine what an individual supposedly can and cannot do.

The Fiction of Julian Barnes

Author: Vanessa Guignery
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 9781137201010
Release Date: 2006-01-24
Genre: Literary Criticism

Julian Barnes's work has been marked by great variety, ranging not only from conventional fiction to postmodernist experimentation in such well-known novels as Flaubert's Parrot (1984) and A History of the World in 10 1⁄2 Chapters (1989), but also from witty essays to deeply touching short stories. The responses of readers and critics have likewise varied, from enthusiasm to scepticism, as the substantial volume of critical analysis demonstrates. This Readers' Guide provides a comprehensive and accessible overview of the essential criticism on Barnes's work, drawing from a selection of reviews, interviews, essays and books. Through the presentation and assessment of key critical interpretations, Vanessa Guignery provides the most wide-ranging examination of his fiction and non-fiction so far, considering key issues such as his use of language, his treatment of history, obsession, love, and the relationship between fact and fiction. Covering all of the novels to date, from Metroland (1981) to Arthur and George (2005), this is an invaluable introduction to the work of one of Britain's most exciting and popular contemporary writers.

Citizen Critics

Author: Rosa A. Eberly
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 025206867X
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Literary Criticism

In this revealing study of the links among literature, rhetoric, and democracy, Rosa A. Eberly explores the public debate generated by amateur and professional readers about four controversial literary works: two that were censored in the United States and two that created conflict because they were not censored.In Citizen Critics Eberly compares the outrage sparked by the publication of James Joyce's Ulysses and Henry Miller's Tropic of Cancer with the relative quiescence that greeted the much more violent and sexually explicit content of Bret Easton Ellis's American Psychoand Andrea Dworkin's Mercy. Through a close reading of letters to the editor, reviews, media coverage, and court cases, Eberly shows how literary critics and legal experts defused censorship debates by shifting the focus from content to aesthetics and from social values to publicity. By asserting their authority to pass judgments - thus denying the authority of citizen critics - these professionals effectively removed the discussion from literary public spheres.A passionate advocate for treating reading as a public and rhetorical enterprise rather than solely as a private one, Eberly suggests the potential impact a work of literature may have on the social polity if it is brought into public forums for debate rather than removed to the exclusive rooms of literary criticism. Eberly urges educators to use their classrooms as protopublic spaces in which students can learn to make the transition from private reader to public citizen.

The Summer Demands

Author: Deborah Shapiro
Publisher: Catapult
ISBN: 9781948226318
Release Date: 2019-06-04
Genre: Fiction

"Shapiro's The Summer Demands is sultry, shrewd, unnerving, and simply magnetic. I was hooked from beginning to end." —Rebecca Kauffman, author of The Gunners On the verge of her fortieth birthday and shaken by a recent miscarriage, Emily inherits an abandoned summer camp in Massachusetts. She and her husband move onto the property and make grand plans to revitalize the land. But they soon discover that their inheritance includes an unexpected guest. On a walk through the old campgrounds she once frequented as a girl, Emily finds, living undetected in one of the cabins, a magnetic twenty-two-year-old named Stella. As the two women begin spending time together—talking and drinking, swimming in the lake, watching seductive French films through long afternoons—Emily finds herself playing at performing various roles relative to Stella: friend, mother, lover. Each encounter they share promises to bring Emily a little closer to an understanding of her own identity, but it also puts her marriage and future at risk. How much does she really know about Stella? Why is Stella here, and what does she want, and what might she take with her, if and when she leaves? Taking place over a single summer in a landscape that refuses to be tamed, The Summer Demands is a beautiful, quietly startling exploration of the sting of seduction, of unspoken female rage, and of how desire and ambition shift over time. It advances Deborah Shapiro’s place as one of America’s most captivating writers—a novelist who “adroitly conveys women’s complicated intimacy” (The New York Times Book Review).

Apocalypse Then

Author: Robert R. Tomes
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814783405
Release Date: 1998-10-01
Genre: History

Prior to the Vietnam war, American intellectual life rested comfortably on shared assumptions and often common ideals. Intellectuals largely supported the social and economic reforms of the 1930s, the war against Hitler's Germany, and U.S. conduct during the Cold War. By the early 1960s, a liberal intellectual consensus existed. The war in Southeast Asia shattered this fragile coalition, which promptly dissolved into numerous camps, each of which questioned American institutions, values, and ideals. Robert R. Tomes sheds new light on the demise of Cold War liberalism and the development of the New Left, and the steady growth of a conservatism that used Vietnam, and anti-war sentiment, as a rallying point. Importantly, Tomes provides new evidence that neoconservatism retreated from internationalism due largely to Vietnam, only to regroup later with substantially diminished goals and expectations. Covering vast archival terrain, Apocalypse Then stands as the definitive account of the impact of the Vietnam war on American intellectual life.