THINKING CRITICALLY helps you become a more sophisticated thinker by teaching the fundamental cognitive process that allows you to develop the higher-order thinking abilities needed for academic study and career success. The text compels you to use your intellect to think critically about subjects drawn from academic disciplines, contemporary issues, and your own life experiences. The text begins with basic skills related to personal experience and then carefully progresses to the more sophisticated reasoning skills required for abstract, academic contexts. Each chapter provides an overview of an aspect of critical thinking, such as problem-solving, perception, and the nature of beliefs. Thinking Activities, thematic boxes, and writing assignments encourage active participation and prompt you and your peers to critically examine each other’s thinking. Thought-provoking and current readings from a wide variety of thinkers get you to think about complex issues from different perspectives. Each chapter ends with self-assessment activities that help you to monitor your own progress as a critical thinker. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Author: James Hugh Kiersky
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
Release Date: 1995
Incorporates the Critical Technique approach that provides a step-by-step technique for constructing and critically evaluating argumentative reasoning. Successfully integrates informal logic and critical thinking for those instructors who want the flexibility of teaching both. Chapter-opening quotes from rock music captures students attention. Narrative case studies, argumentative writing exercises and Reality Checks with everyday examples of argumentative techniques taken from advertisements reinforce chapter material. Mid- and end-of-chapter exercises are broken into three levels of difficulty to challenge students and aid instructors in evaluating student progress.
The findings of this study show that, overall, the Twilight Forum provided students with an important experience of voice and exposure. However the analysis also revealed that the group struggled to bridge the divisions among participants who held opposing views. The analysis of the data shows few significant transformations in the arguments espoused by the different sides in controversy that could have resulted from the cross-fertilization between their different starting viewpoints. I argue that this limited productivity is partly explained by particular patterns of interplay between the intellectual and discursive dynamics. The integration of two analytic approaches suggests that the discursive processes prescribed and proscribed the ways in which students used the critical capacities available to them. In rare instances was the interplay between dynamics reversed such that the use of critical thinking tools provided students with reflective access to the narratives invoked and to their management of them. I argue that the intellectual and social dynamics may nurture or rival each other in ways that will boost or hinder the possibilities of deliberation in the classroom yielding productive outcomes.
Author: Diane F. Halpern
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
Release Date: 1996
Thinking is not a spectator sport. Research has shown that the skills of critical thinking must be practiced with a wide variety of problems in many different contexts in order to be learned and retained. The exercises, questions, and reviews in this workbook are designed to provide the systematic practice needed to help readers become more critical thinkers. By reading and responding to the questions before reading the accompanying chapter in the text, readers will develop a framework that will help them to comprehend, anticipate, and organize the information in the accompanying chapter. Based on principles of active learning with authentic tasks, all of the exercises were written to be similar to problems and situations readers are likely to encounter in real life -- and they provide numerous examples for both short and extended writing assignments. Problems include topics such as saving money; understanding a research report that appears in a newspaper; recognizing propaganda; reaching reasoned conclusions; avoiding common biases; and deciding when a risk is "too risky." These exercises also work well for cooperative learning projects and are designed to help adult learners develop the skills and the habits of mind essential for life-long learning. Designed to be used in conjunction with Halpern's text, Thought & Knowledge, this workbook could also be used with other texts or as a stand-alone enhancement in courses on thinking skills and cognitive psychology. All exercises along with syllabus suggestions and self assessments are available in the Instructor's Manual.
BEST SELLER! Builds critical-thinking skills to last a lifetime! Builds critical and analytical viewing skills Explores value messages embedded in programs and advertising Helps students recognize the social and economic considerations that affect news reporting A Center for Media Literacy Recommended Resource
Author: A. R. Codling
Release Date: 2018-01-31
So you’ve arrived at university, you’ve read the course handbook and you’re ready to learn the law. But is knowing the law enough to get you the very best marks? And what do your lecturers mean when they say you need to develop critical and analytical skills? When is it right to put your own views forward? What are examiners looking for when they give feedback to say that your work is too descriptive? This book explores what it means to think critically and offers practical tips and advice for students to develop the process, skill and ability of thinking critically while studying law. The book investigates the big questions such as: What is law? and What is ‘thinking critically’? How can I use critical thinking to get better grades in assessments? What is the role of critical thinking in the work place? These questions and more are explored in Thinking Critically About Law. Whether you have limited prior experience of critical thinking or are looking to improve your performance in assessments, this book is the ideal tool to help you enhance your capacity to question, challenge, reflect and problematize what you learn about the law throughout your studies and beyond.
We live in an age of unprecedented access to information. The last decade has seen an exponential growth in data and material available, often at the touch of a button. However, this has also made it harder to discern between fact and fiction. What is real and what is fake? What should we believe and what should we reject? In an environment of information overload, a distrust of experts, the circulation of misinformation and false facts, and public debates based upon poor evidence, Thinking Critically About Research comes at a vital juncture. The book is designed to help readers develop a critical understanding of evidence and the ways in which evidence is presented, and to challenge the information they receive in both academic and non-academic sources. The author presents a step-by-step approach with a focus on knowing methods, culminating in a bespoke ‘critical tool kit’ which offers a practical checklist designed to be used when carrying out research. Also containing learning features including tasks and worked examples, drawing on real research studies, this is an essential resource for students and researchers, and those putting research into practice, who want to have better critical thinking skills.
A workbook for Thought & Knowledge, Fourth Edition by Diane F Halpern, Thinking Critically About Critical Thinking, Fourth Edition is filled with new exercises to reinforce learning and practice newly acquired skills. This workbook can be purchased in a student package with Thought & Knowledge or as a separate item.
Author: Lisa P. Kuh
Publisher: Teachers College Press
Release Date: 2014-06-13
This comprehensive book will help early childhood practitioners consider the "why" and "how" of setting up classrooms and other learning spaces to create environments that are most conducive to child development. Using a practice-based focus and a researcher lens, the contributors consider the ways in which enviroments for children enhance or diminish educational experiences, how social constructs about what is good for children influence environmental design, and what practitioners can do in their own work when creating learning environments for young children. There are copious examples from practice, lessons learned, and illustrations and photographs of key aspects of the environments they discuss.
Author: Dariusz Kubok
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date: 2017-11-07
Analyses of the dynamics of change present in Europe are not complete without taking into account the role and function of the critical approach as a founding element of European culture. An appreciation of critical thinking must go hand-in-hand with reflection on its essence, forms, and centuries-long tradition. The European philosophical tradition has thematized the problem of criticism since its appearance. This book contains articles on the history of philosophical criticism and ways that it has been understood in European thought. Individual chapters contain both historical-philosophical and problem-oriented analyses, indicating the relationships between philosophical criticism and rationalism, logic, scepticism, atheism, dialectic procedure, and philosophical counseling, among others. Philosophical reflection on critical thinking allows for an acknowledgment of its significance in the fields of epistemology, philosophy of politics, aesthetics, methodology, philosophy of language, and cultural theory. The book should interest not only humanities scholars, but also scholars in other fields, as the development of an anti-dogmatic critical approach is a lasting and indispensible challenge for all disciplines.
Although the use of internet and digital materials in the language classroom has come a long way over the last 25 years, still the vast majority of web based material that finds its way into the language classroom is used for information input or comprehension purposes. The students’ interaction with the materials is as such largely passive with the teacher controlling the suitability of the materials selected and deciding what information the students will extract from it. In Thinking Critically through Digital Media I have tried to build on this model, but develop it and take it to deeper and more critical levels of analysis that go beyond the superficial linguistic level and help to develop students not only as English language speakers but as capable information literate participants in the global knowledge economy. The book uses as its basis the development of key digital literacies. These include the ability to understand visually presented data, the ability collect and analyse data using a range of techniques and survey tools and the ability to create and deliver a range of presentation types using digital media tools. Whilst developing these digital literacies students are also encouraged to assess the validity, credibility and underlying bias of the information they study and are given a range of research tools and techniques for reassessing the information and evaluating how it fits within their personal framework of belief systems and values. The book itself has four main chapters. The first three chapters contain a range of activities that teachers can use with students to develop their abilities to understand and create infographics, develop research polls and surveys and create and deliver presentations. These activities give students hands-on exposure to a range of recommended tools and develop students as active creators of information whilst developing their abilities to work collaboratively in digital online environments. The fourth key chapter of the book is a collection of lesson plans that teachers can use to take students through a complete process from accessing their existing knowledge about a topic, understanding new input, examining how the information fits into their existing value scheme, checking the credibility and validity of the information, carrying out their own parallel research through social media to finally sharing and reevaluating what they have learned. You can see an example of the classroom materials here: https://bit.ly/intro-extro-demo I believe that the skills and abilities teachers can help students develop through the use of these materials are ones that are sadly lacking, not only in the English language classroom but also in the general education of many students around the world. Through the use of these materials, I hope teachers can develop more actively and intellectually critical students who approach digital media with the ability not only to comprehend and consume information but also understand the possible bias, motivation and underlying values of those creating the information. I believe these skills and abilities are key to creating a more tolerant, open-minded and critically aware global society.
Author: Jen Lawrence
Publisher: Greenleaf Book Group
Release Date: 2014-10-07
Genre: Business & Economics
A more-than-memorable allegory that will teach you to embrace change, develop superior critical-thinking skills, and solve any problem that comes your way by using teamwork. Engage the Fox is a charismatic business fable set at a newspaper run by publisher Hedgehog, and his executive team of woodland creatures. When met with a difficult decision regarding where the newspaper industry is headed, as well as pressure to give discounts to their top advertisers, Hedgehog engages consultant Thaddeus P. Fox to teach the team at The Toad Hollow Gazette how to make important decisions. By thinking critically and utilizing the different personality types present in the office, the team learns to see the big picture and tap the energy and imagination of everyone. The animals portrayed here, by their very nature, represent different aspects of the human personality as illustrated in the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Sensing sales manager Squirrel is adept at gathering information; feeling Animal relations director Dog is keen on seeking agreement amongst the pack; thinking finance director Owl needs to know the entirety of a situation before settling on a decision; and intuitive consultant Fox can think up an endless amount of ideas for solving problems. The authors base their book on Lawrence Chester’s popular course in critical thinking that helps participants identify the cause of problems large and small and generate better, more implementable solutions. That process incorporates four key critical thinking skills that businesspeople can develop to help them evaluate their options as they learn how to manage complex, messy issues in a systematic way that ensures stakeholder buy-in and increases their success rate. Lawrence and Chester have created an entertaining imaginary world where the memorable management team that has lived and breathed their industry for decades “engages the fox” as they undergo a strategic shift. They recognize the need to involve someone with an outside perspective who is adept at navigating change. Enter the hero, for, as is often quoted in management and political theory, “The fox knows many things; the hedgehog one big thing.” Literally and figuratively, it seems.
Author: Andrea C. Nakaya
Release Date: 2014
Looks at questions related to social networking and its place in society, providing writings from opposing viewpoints intended to encourage critical thinking on how they relate to society, the individual, privacy, and teen safety.
Author: Nathan Nobis
Publisher: Open Philosophy Press
Release Date: 2019-06-19
This book introduces readers to the many arguments and controversies concerning abortion. While it argues for ethical and legal positions on the issues, it focuses on how to think about the issues, not just what to think about them. It is an ideal resource to improve your understanding of what people think, why they think that and whether their (and your) arguments are good or bad, and why. It's ideal for classroom use, discussion groups, organizational learning, and personal reading. From the Preface To many people, abortion is an issue for which discussions and debates are frustrating and fruitless: it seems like no progress will ever be made towards any understanding, much less resolution or even compromise. Judgments like these, however, are premature because some basic techniques from critical thinking, such as carefully defining words and testing definitions, stating the full structure of arguments so each step of the reasoning can be examined, and comparing the strengths and weaknesses of different explanations can help us make progress towards these goals. When emotions run high, we sometimes need to step back and use a passion for calm, cool, critical thinking. This helps us better understand the positions and arguments of people who see things differently from us, as well as our own positions and arguments. And we can use critical thinking skills help to try to figure out which positions are best, in terms of being supported by good arguments: after all, we might have much to learn from other people, sometimes that our own views should change, for the better. Here we use basic critical thinking skills to argue that abortion is typically not morally wrong. We begin with less morally-controversial claims: adults, children and babies are wrong to kill and wrong to kill, fundamentally, because they, we, are conscious, aware and have feelings. We argue that since early fetuses entirely lack these characteristics, they are not inherently wrong to kill and so most abortions are not morally wrong, since most abortions are done early in pregnancy, before consciousness and feeling develop in the fetus. Furthermore, since the right to life is not the right to someone else’s body, fetuses might not have the right to the pregnant woman’s body—which she has the right to—and so she has the right to not allow the fetus use of her body. This further justifies abortion, at least until technology allows for the removal of fetuses to other wombs. Since morally permissible actions should be legal, abortions should be legal: it is an injustice to criminalize actions that are not wrong. In the course of arguing for these claims, we: 1. discuss how to best define abortion; 2. dismiss many common “question-begging” arguments that merely assume their conclusions, instead of giving genuine reasons for them; 3. refute some often-heard “everyday arguments” about abortion, on all sides; 4. explain why the most influential philosophical arguments against abortion are unsuccessful; 5. provide some positive arguments that at least early abortions are not wrong; 6. briefly discuss the ethics and legality of later abortions, and more. This essay is not a “how to win an argument” piece or a tract or any kind of apologetics. It is not designed to help anyone “win” debates: everybody “wins” on this issue when we calmly and respectfully engage arguments with care, charity, honesty and humility. This book is merely a reasoned, systematic introduction to the issues that we hope models these skills and virtues. Its discussion should not be taken as absolute “proof” of anything: much more needs to be understood and carefully discussed—always.